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In a city called New York ...
In a neighborhood called El Bronx ...
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In a city called New York ...
In a neighborhood called El Bronx ...
In the South Bronx - or El Bronx, as it's known to the people who live there - anything can happen. A migrant "fresh off the boat" from Puerto Rico can be somebody on the mainland, pursue the American Dream ... and maybe even make it come true.
Here are stories that capture the flavor and beat of El Bronx in its heyday, from 1946-1956.
A New York Times Outstanding Book of the Year
Finalist, 1976 National Book Award for Children's Literature
A Notable Children's Trade Book in Social Studies (NCSS/CBC)
About the Author
Nicholasa Mohr has written a number of acclaimed books for young adults and children. She lives in Brooklyn, New York.
A Very Special Pet
The Fernández family kept two pets in their small five-room apartment. One was a large female alley cat who was a good mouser when she wasn’t in heat. She was very large and had a rich coat of grey fur with black stripes and a long bushy tail. Her eyes were yellow and she had long white whiskers. Her name was Maríalu.
If they would listen carefully to what Maríalu said, Mrs. Fernández assured the children, they would hear her calling her husband Raúl.
"Raúl . . . Raúl . . . this is Maríalu . . . Raúl . . . Raúl . . . this is Maríalu," the children would sing loudly. They all felt sorry for Maríalu, because no matter how long and hard she howled, or how many times she ran off, she could never find her real husband, Raúl.
The second pet was not really supposed to be a pet at all. She was a small, skinny white hen with a red crest and a yellow beak. Graciela and Eugenio Fernández had bought her two years ago, to provide them and their eight children with good fresh eggs.
Her name was Joncrofo, after Graciela Fernández’s favorite Hollywood movie star, Joan Crawford. People would repeat the hen’s name as she pronounced it, "Joncrofo la gallina."
Joncrofo la gallina lived in the kitchen. She had one foot tied with a very long pieceof twine to one of the legs of the kitchen sink. The twine was long enough for Joncrofo to wander all over the kitchen and even to hop onto the large window with the fire escape. Under the sink Mrs. Fernández kept clean newspapers, water, and cornmeal for the hen, and a wooden box lined with some soft flannel cloth and packing straw. It was there that they hoped Joncrofo would lay her eggs. The little hen slept and rested there, but perhaps because she was nervous, she had never once laid an egg.
Graciela and Eugenio Fernández had come to the Bronx six years ago and moved into the small apartment. Except for a trip once before to the seaport city of Mayagüez in Puerto Rico, they had never left their tiny village in the mountains. To finance their voyage to New York, Mr. and Mrs. Fernández had sold their small plot of land, the little livestock they had, and their wooden cabin. The sale had provided the fare and expenses for them and their five children. Since then, three more children had been born. City life was foreign to them, and they had to learn everything, even how to get on a subway and travel. Graciela Fernández had been terribly frightened at first of the underground trains, traffic, and large crowds of people. Although she finally adjusted, she still confined herself to the apartment and seldom went out.
She would never complain; she would pray at the small altar she had set up in the kitchen, light her candles, and murmur that God would provide and not forget her and her family. She was proud of the fact that they did not have to ask for welfare or home relief, as so many other families did.
"Papi provides for us. We are lucky and we have to thank Jesus Christ," she would say, making the sign of the cross.
Eugenio Fernández had found a job as a porter in one of the large buildings in the garment center of Manhattan. He still held the same job, but he hoped to be promoted someday to freight-elevator operator. In the meantime, he sold newspapers and coffee on the side, ran errands for people in the building, and was always available for extra work. Still, the money he brought home was barely enough to support ten people.
"Someday I’m gonna get that job. I got my eye on it, and Mr. Friedlander, he likes me . . . so we gotta be patient. Besides the increase in salary, my God!—I could do a million things on the side, and we could make a lotta money. Why I could . . ." Mr. Fernández would tell his family this story several times a week.
"Oh, wow! Papi, we are gonna be rich when you get that job!" the children would shriek.
"Can we get a television when we get rich, Papi?" Pablito, the oldest boy, would ask. Nellie, Carmen, and Linda wanted a telephone.
"Everybody on the block got a telephone but us." Nellie, the oldest girl, would speak for them.
The younger children, William, Olgita, and Freddie, would request lots of toys and treats. Baby Nancy would smile and babble happily with everyone.
"We gonna get everything and we gonna leave El Bronx," Mr. Fernández would assure them. "We even gonna save enough to buy our farm in Puerto Rico—a big one! With lots of land, maybe a hundred acres, and a chicken house, pigs, goats, even a cow. We can plant coffee and some sugar, and have all the fruit trees—mangoes, sweet oranges, everything!" Mr. Fernández would pause and tell the children all about the wonderful food they could eat back home in his village. "All you need to get the farm is a good start."
"We gonna take Joncrofo, right?" the kids would ask. "And Maríalu? Her too?"
"Sure," Mr. Fernández would say good-naturedly, "even Raúl, her husband, when she finds him, eh?" He would wink, laughing. "And Joncrofo don’t have to be tied up like a prisoner no more—she could run loose."
It was the dream of Graciela and Eugenio Fernández to go back to their village as owners of their own farm, with the faith that the land would provide for them.
This morning Mrs. Fernández sat in her kitchen, thinking that things were just not going well. Now that the holidays were coming and Christmas would soon be here, money was scarcer than ever and prices were higher than ever.
El Bronx Remembered. Copyright © by Nicholasa Mohr. Reprinted by permission of HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved. Available now wherever books are sold.
Posted October 21, 2003
I loved the book it has soo many story that you would want to read again and again.My favorite story was 'Herman And Alice' if eny yung girl wanna have a baby in a early age read this story.you will learn alot from this story.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.