Brother Number One / Edition 1

Brother Number One / Edition 1

by David P Chandler
     
 

ISBN-10: 0813335108

ISBN-13: 9780813335100

Pub. Date: 02/01/1999

Publisher: Westview Press


In the tragic recent history of Cambodia—a past scarred by a long occupation by Vietnamese forces and by the preceding three-year reign of terror by the brutal Khmer Rouge—no figure looms larger or more ominously than that of Pol Pot. As secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kampuchea (CPK) since 1962 and as prime minister of…  See more details below

Overview


In the tragic recent history of Cambodia—a past scarred by a long occupation by Vietnamese forces and by the preceding three-year reign of terror by the brutal Khmer Rouge—no figure looms larger or more ominously than that of Pol Pot. As secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kampuchea (CPK) since 1962 and as prime minister of Democratic Kampuchea (DK), he has been widely blamed for trying to destroy Cambodian society. By implementing policies whose effects were genocidal, he oversaw the deaths of more than one million of his nation’s people.The political career of Saloth Sar, better known by his nom de guerre Pol Pot, forms a critical but largely inaccessible portion of twentieth-century Cambodian history. What we know about his life is sketchy: a comfortable childhood, three years of study in France, and a short career as a schoolteacher preceded several years—spent mostly in hiding—as a guerrilla and the commander of the victorious army in Cambodia’s civil war. His career reached a climax when he and his associates, coming to power, attempted to transform their country along lines more radical than any attempted by a modern regime. Driven into hiding in 1979 by invading Vietnamese forces, Pol Pot maintained his leadership of a Khmer Rouge guerrilla army in exile, remaining a power and a threat.In this political biography, David P. Chandler throws light on the shadowy figure of Pol Pot. Basing his study on interviews and on a wide range of sources in English, Cambodian, and French, the author illuminates the ideas and behavior of this enigmatic man and his entourage against the background of post–World War II events, providing a key to understanding this horrific, pivotal period of Cambodian history. In this revised edition, Chandler provides new information on the state of Cambodia and the Khmer Rouge following the death of Pol Pot in 1997.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813335100
Publisher:
Westview Press
Publication date:
02/01/1999
Edition description:
REVISED
Pages:
284
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Preface to the Second Edition
Acknowledgments
1Introduction1
2"Original Khmer," 1928-19497
Who Was Pol Pot?7
Palace Connections8
Phnom Penh in the 1930s9
The Weight of the Past12
The Stirrings of Nationalism15
Moving to Kompong Cham17
Back in Phnom Penh21
Working for the Democrats22
3Becoming a Communist, 1949-195325
The First Year in Paris25
Political Developments in Cambodia, 1950-195129
Turning to the Left31
Becoming a Communist37
4Multiple Identities, 1953-196341
Joining the Viet Minh41
Geneva and the 1955 Elections43
Becoming a Teacher49
A Militant for the Party53
Focusing the Party55
A Cambodian Party Takes Shape59
The Death of Tou Samouth60
Talking to Monks and Students61
5"Red Khmer," 1963-197065
A Hostage of the Vietnamese67
The Visit to Vietnam69
The Visit to China71
A Change in Tactics73
The Samlaut Uprising77
Armed Struggle, 1968-197080
Sihanouk Loses His Grip82
Saloth Sar Travels North83
6Coming to Power, 1970-197687
Saloth Sar Comes Home88
The National Democratic Revolution91
From Cease-Fire to Bombardment94
The Only Game in Town95
Sihanouk Visits Saloth Sar97
Preparing the Final Assault99
The Final Assault102
Saloth Sar Returns to Phnom Penh104
Inventing Democratic Kampuchea107
The Emergence of Pol Pot110
7Prairie Fire, 1976-1977113
The Four Year Plan114
The Crisis of September-October 1976122
Purges in Democratic Kampuchea, 1975-1977123
Purging Friends127
Pol Pot and the "Microbes"129
Punishing the Intelligentsia130
Personal Details132
War with Vietnam133
Coming into the Open135
8Coming Apart, 1977-1979137
Pol Pot in China and North Korea137
Cambodia's War with Vietnam138
The War Begins142
Opening Up144
Attacking Enemies146
A Cult of Personality?148
Pol Pot on Display153
9"Grandfather 87," 1979-1998157
The Discovery of Democratic Kampuchea's History159
Concealing Democratic Kampuchea161
Repentant Optimist, 1979-1981162
Dropping Out of Sight, 1981-1986164
Summing Up for the Defense165
Solving the Cambodian "Problem," 1986-1991170
The UNTAC Period173
"Grandfather 87,"174
The Implosion of the Red Khmer, 1994-1998178
Chronology189
App. 1Non Suon's Biography of Pol Pot197
App. 2Khmer Personnel at "Office 100," 1963-1966201
Notes203
Bibliographic Essay243
Index249

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