Brown v. Board of Education: A Documentary History / Edition 50

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The 1954 US Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education legally ended state-mandated racial segregation in primary and secondary education and opened the way for the dismantling of the segregation of all public facilities. This book allows primary documents to speak for themselves and also offers a general introduction and extensive commentary of each primary source. Emphasis is not only on the decision itself but on the internal working of the High Court and on the nature of constitutional interpretation. For this fiftieth anniversary edition, Whitman (Towson University) includes a brief, new preface. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781558763302
  • Publisher: Wiener, Markus Publishers, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 1/1/2004
  • Edition description: Fiftieth Annive
  • Edition number: 50
  • Pages: 394
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.88 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the 2004 Edition vii
Contents ix
General Introduction xv
Part 1 Prelude: The Forebears of Brown 1
I. Charles Sumner: Argument in Roberts v. City of Boston (1849) 3
II. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896): The Bad Seed 7
1. Brief for Plaintiff--Albion Tourgee 8
2. Brief for Plaintiff--Samuel F. Phillips 12
3. Majority Opinion of Justice Henry Brown 14
4. Justice John Marshall Harlan, Dissenting 15
III. Brief by Charles H. Houston and Thurgood Marshall: University of Maryland v. Murray (1936) 18
IV. Gunnar Myrdal: An American Dilemma (1944) 21
V. The NAACP's Brief: Sweatt v. Painter (1950) 27
VI. Sweatt v. Painter (1950) and McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents (1950) 33
Part 2 The Trial Level 37
Introduction 39
I. The Doll Man and His Critics 48
1. Testimony of Kenneth Clark--Briggs Trial 49
2. Edmond Cahn--"Jurisprudence" (1955) 52
3. Note: "Grade School Segregation: The Latest Attack on Discrimination"--Yale Law Journal (1952) 54
4. Ernest van den Haag and Ralph Ross--The Fabric of Society (1957) 55
5. Reply by Kenneth Clark--Prejudice and Your Child (1963) 57
II. The Social Scientists Speak 59
1. Louisa Holt--Brown Trial 59
2. David Krech--Briggs Trial 62
3. M. Brewster Smith--Davis Trial 64
4. Wilbur B. Brookover--Brown Trial 67
5. Isidor Chein--Davis Trial 69
6. Hugh W. Speer--Brown Trial 70
III. Rebuttal in Virginia 73
1. John Nelson Buck 74
2. William H. Kelly 79
3. Henry Garrett 80
4. Colgate Darden 83
IV. Mr. Moore's Antics 86
1. Cross-Examination of Kenneth Clark 87
2. Cross-Examination of Isidor Chein 90
3. Cross-Examination of John Julian Brooks 91
V. The Preliminary Decisions 93
1. Briggs v. Elliott 94
2. Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County 98
3. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka 99
4. Belton v. Gebhart 101
Part 3 At the Bar of the Supreme Court: The First Argument 105
Introduction 107
I. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka 119
1. Appellants' Brief 120
2. Appellees' Brief 125
3. Oral Argument 128
II. Briggs v. Elliott 133
1. Appellants' Brief 134
2. Appellees' Brief 138
3. Oral Argument 142
III. Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County 149
1. Appellees' Brief 149
2. Appellants' Brief 153
3. Oral Argument 156
IV. Postscript: Belton v. Gebhart: What Happens When You Win? 158
1. NAACP Brief 158
2. Oral Argument--Louis Redding 159
V. A Friend of the Court: Brief of the American Jewish Congress 161
Part 4 The Supreme Court: Reargument 165
Introduction 167
I. The Controversy Over "whr" 195
1. "A Random Thought on the Desegregation Cases" 196
2. Rehnquist's Letter to Senator James O. Eastland, December 8, 1971 198
3. The Brooke Memorandum 200
II. A Slight Digression: The Matter of Original Intent 205
1. Robert Bork--"The Constitution, Economic Rights and Original Intent" (1986) 206
2. Terrance Sandalow--"Constitutional Interpretation" (1981) 210
III. Double Perspectives 219
1. Alfred Kelly--"An Inside View of Brown v. Board of Education" (1961) 219
2. Alfred Kelly--"The Fourteenth Amendment Reconsidered: The Segregation Question" (1956) 227
3. Alexander Bickel--Letter to Justice Frankfurter (1953) 234
4. Alexander Bickel--"The Original Understanding and the Segregation Decision" (1955) 236
5. Endnote--Kelly's Rebuttal to Bickel (1956) 242
IV. Reargument: The Central Conflict 244
1. Briggs v. Elliott--Appellees' Brief on Reargument 245
2. Reargument Brief--Davis v. County School Board 248
3. Appellants' Brief on Reargument--The Constitutional Issue 250
4. The Oral Argument 255
V. Reargument: The Remedy 260
1. Supplemental Brief for the United States on Reargument 261
2. Oral Argument on Behalf of the United States--J. Lee Rankin 263
3. Appellants' Brief on Reargument--The Remedy 267
4. Phillip Elman--"The Solicitor General's Office, Justice Frankfurter, and Civil Rights Litigation, 1946-1960: An Oral History" (1987) 272
Conclusion: The Riddle of Brown 277
Introduction 279
I. Countdown to May 17, 1954 292
1. Memorandum by Justice Robert H. Jackson (March 15, 1954) 292
2. Felix Frankfurter--Undated Memorandum 300
3. Phillip Elman--"The Solicitor General's Office, Justice Frankfurter, and Civil Rights Litigation" 301
4. Brown v. Board of Education (1954) 305
II. The Debate Over Brown 310
1. Herbert Wechsler--"Toward Neutral Principles of Constitutional Law" (1959) 311
2. Louis H. Pollak--"Racial Discrimination and Judicial Integrity: A Reply to Professor Wechsler" (1959) 313
3. John Kaplan--"Segregation Litigation and the Schools," Part II: "The General Northern Problem" (1963) 318
4. Charles L. Black--"The Lawfulness of the Segregation Decisions" (1960) 320
5. Owen M. Fiss--"Racial Imbalance in the Public Schools: The Constitutional Concepts" (1965) 331
III. Bolling v. Sharpe: The Court's Commentary on Brown? 335
1. Brief for Petitioners--Bolling v. Sharpe 336
2. Bolling v. Sharpe (1954) 339
3. Rejoinder--Owen M. Fiss (1965) 340
Afterword 342
List of Detailed Sources 345
For Further Reading 350
Acknowledgements 355
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