Buddhist Warfare

Buddhist Warfare

by Michael Jerryson, Mark Juergensmeyer
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195394844

ISBN-13: 9780195394849

Pub. Date: 01/08/2010

Publisher: Oxford University Press


Though traditionally regarded as a peaceful religion, Buddhism has a dark side. On multiple occasions over the past fifteen centuries, Buddhist leaders have sanctioned violence, and even war. The eight essays in this book focus on a variety of Buddhist traditions, from antiquity to the present, and show that Buddhist organizations have used religious images and…  See more details below

Overview


Though traditionally regarded as a peaceful religion, Buddhism has a dark side. On multiple occasions over the past fifteen centuries, Buddhist leaders have sanctioned violence, and even war. The eight essays in this book focus on a variety of Buddhist traditions, from antiquity to the present, and show that Buddhist organizations have used religious images and rhetoric to support military conquest throughout history.

Buddhist soldiers in sixth century China were given the illustrious status of Bodhisattva after killing their adversaries. In seventeenth century Tibet, the Fifth Dalai Lama endorsed a Mongol ruler's killing of his rivals. And in modern-day Thailand, Buddhist soldiers carry out their duties undercover, as fully ordained monks armed with guns.

Buddhist Warfare demonstrates that the discourse on religion and violence, usually applied to Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, can no longer exclude Buddhist traditions. The book examines Buddhist military action in Tibet, China, Korea, Japan, Mongolia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand, and shows that even the most unlikely and allegedly pacifist religious traditions are susceptible to the violent tendencies of man.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195394849
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
01/08/2010
Pages:
272
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Contributors ix

Introduction Michael Jerryson 3

1 Buddhism and War Paul Demiéville 17

2 Making Merit through Warfare According to the &Abar;rya-Bodhisattva-gocara-up&abar;yavi&sbdot;aya-vikurva&nbdot;a-nirdeśa S&ubar;tra Stephen Jenkins 59

3 Sacralized Warfare: The Fifth Dalai Lama and the Discourse of Religious Violence Derek F. Maher 77

4 Legalized Violence: Punitive Measures of Buddhist Khans in Mongolia Vesna A. Wallace 91

5 A Buddhological Critique of "Soldier-Zen" in Wartime Japan Brian Daizen Victoria 105

6 Buddhists in China during the Korean War (1951-1953) Xue Yu 131

7 Onward Buddhist Soldiers: Preaching to the Sri Lankan Army Daniel W. Kent 157

8 Militarizing Buddhism: Violence in Southern Thailand Michael Jerryson 179

Afterthoughts Bernard Faure 211

Appendix 227

Bibliography 229

Index 241

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