Building a More Resilient Haitian State

Overview

Hope for a prosperous and peaceful future for Haiti lies in building a more effective, resilient state. This report identifies the main challenges to more capable governance, evaluates existing plans for improving the delivery of public services, and proposes a realistic set of critical actions. The proposed state-building priorities merit the greatest degree of Haiti's and international donors' policy attention and financial commitment.

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Building a More Resilient Haitian State

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Overview

Hope for a prosperous and peaceful future for Haiti lies in building a more effective, resilient state. This report identifies the main challenges to more capable governance, evaluates existing plans for improving the delivery of public services, and proposes a realistic set of critical actions. The proposed state-building priorities merit the greatest degree of Haiti's and international donors' policy attention and financial commitment.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780833050434
  • Publisher: Rand Publishing
  • Publication date: 8/13/2010
  • Pages: 208
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface iii

Figures xi

Summary xiii

Acknowledgments xxiii

Abbreviations xxv

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

Chapter 2 Background 9

Haiti's Challenges 13

Economic Development 13

Society 15

State Administration 16

Politics 17

Consequences of the Earthquake 19

Haiti and Donors 20

Chapter 3 Governance and Public Administration 27

The Challenges 28

Long-Standing Challenges 28

Consequences of the Earthquake 33

Appraisal of Plans and Initiatives for Addressing the Challenges 34

Plans and Initiatives Before the Earthquake 34

Revised Plans 36

Recommendations 39

Determine the Applicable Postearthquake Reform Plan 39

Prioritize and Rationalize the Framework Program 39

Focus Attention and Resources on Civil Service Reform 40

Initiate Practical Steps Toward Decentralization and Deconcentration 40

Offer Support to Parliament and Political Parties 41

Keep Constitutional Reform Modest for Now 41

Employ Donor Leverage to Secure Key Reforms 42

Chapter 4 Justice 43

The Challenges 43

Long-Standing Challenges 44

Consequences of the Earthquake 47

Appraisal of Plans and Initiatives for Addressing the Challenges 48

Plans and Initiatives Before the Earthquake 48

Revised Plans 51

Recommendations 52

Devote Greater Attention to Justice Reform 53

Create a Mechanism for Resolving Real and Other Property Disputes Stemming from the Earthquake 53

Establish a Special Ad Hoc Panel for Detainee Review 54

Expand Prison Capacity 55

Build an Information-Management System 55

Chapter 5 Security 57

The Challenges 57

Long-Standing Challenges 57

Consequences of the Earthquake 59

Appraisal of Plans and Initiatives for Addressing the Challenges 59

Plans and Initiatives Before the Earthquake 59

Revised Plans 66

Recommendations 68

Build on the 2006 Reform Plan and Adapt It to the Postearthquake Situation 69

Support Building Basic Administrative Structures 70

Create Institutionalized Links Between Police and Justice 70

Focus on a Police Force That the Haitians Need and Can Afford 71

Chapter 6 Economic Policy 73

The Challenges 73

Impoverishment 73

Inflation 74

Poor Business Environment 74

Appraisal of Plans and Policies for Addressing the Challenges 75

Monetary Policy 75

Exchange-Rate Policy 76

Fiscal Policy 78

Financial-Sector Policies 82

Policies to Improve the Business Environment 83

Recommendations 84

Assess Whether to Replace the Gourde with the U.S. Dollar 84

Streamline the Tax System 85

Improve the Environment for Business 86

Chapter 7 Housing and Infrastructure 87

The Challenges 87

Housing 88

Roads 89

Seaports and Airports 90

Electricity 90

Water and Sewage 91

Appraisal of Plans and Initiatives for Addressing the Challenges 92

Housing 92

Roads 93

Seaports and Airports 95

Electricity 96

Water and Sewage 97

Recommendations 98

Take Immediate Steps to Accelerate the Removal of Rubble 98

Focus on Repairing and Maintaining Existing Roads 99

Remove Remaining Restrictions on the Operations of Private Container Ports 99

Immediately Move to Raise Electric-Power Tariffs to Full Cost-Recovery Levels 99

Chapter 8 Education 101

The Challenges 101

Long-Standing Challenges 101

Consequences of the Earthquake 105

Appraisal of Plans and Initiatives for Addressing the Challenges 107

Plans and Initiatives Before the Earthquake 107

Revised Plans 109

Recommendations 113

Strengthen Government Oversight 114

Expand Access 115

Improve Quality 117

Chapter 9 Health 121

The Challenges 121

Long-Standing Challenges 121

Consequences of the Earthquake 125

Appraisal of Plans and Initiatives for Addressing the Challenges 127

Plans and Initiatives Before the Earthquake 127

Revised Plans 129

Recommendations 132

Focus on Strengthening Policymaking, Planning, Regulation, and Oversight 132

Establish Performance-Based Contracting Mechanism for Provision of Services 133

Reorganize Decentralized Health-Care Operations 135

Build Human-Resource Capacity 136

Examine Health-Care Financing Options 137

Chapter 10 Donor Cooperation and Building the Haitian State 139

The Challenges 141

Appraisal of Donor Cooperation with Haitian State Institutions 146

Recommendations 149

Make the Interim Haiti Recovery Commission an Effective Decisionmaking Body 149

Strongly Support the Multidonor Trust Fund 151

Encourage Nongovernmental Organizations to Support State-Building 152

Facilitate Community Involvement and Information Flow 152

Appoint a Senior Coordinator for U.S. Policy and Assistance Programs 153

Exercise Donor Leverage 154

Chapter 11 Conclusion 157

Strategic Framework 158

Priorities 158

Political Prerequisites 162

Bibliography 165

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