Building and Sustaining the Capacity for Social Policy Reformsby Belkacem Laabas
Pub. Date: 04/28/2000
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Limited
The book contains ten papers on poverty alleviation and social policy matters applied to Arab countries and Africa. The paper by Richard Estes presented a new measure of policy progress based on a compound index of social variables. The analysis of this index and its sub- components reveals some important features of social progress in Arab countries. The paper by… See more details below
The book contains ten papers on poverty alleviation and social policy matters applied to Arab countries and Africa. The paper by Richard Estes presented a new measure of policy progress based on a compound index of social variables. The analysis of this index and its sub- components reveals some important features of social progress in Arab countries. The paper by Arjan de Hean and Shahin Yaqub discuss the relation between poverty assessment, policy to alleviate it and data availability necessary to guide policy makers. The paper concludes that in Africa and Arab countries poverty alleviation measures cannot be efficient in the actual situation of data unavailability. Karima Korayem presented a new measure of poverty and income distribution that allows to test whether government social spending reflects the interest of low income people. The evidence drawn from Egyptian data suggest that the priorities are not the same. Benedict Arimah presented a quantitative study of social development in Africa. The study used a derived poverty line to classify the African countries in poor and non-poor nations. The causes of these differences are explained using a Logit model that highlighted the main factors that distinguishes a poor country from a non-poor country. Sami Bibi presented a formal analysis of the removal of subsidy and its effect on poverty in Tunisia. With a perfect targeting, the switch from generalized food subsidies to targeted transfers will the policy makers to save resources and alleviate poverty. Isaac Odeyemi demonstrated the potential gains from applying a geographical precise delivery service to the health care of rural poor in Zimbabwe. The papers of Lyabode Fahm andPeter Sturm on the relation of poverty alleviation and social security reforms demonstrated how to build a viable and financially sound system drawing on best practice, and discussing its relevance to poor African Countries.
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Table of ContentsIntroduction. Part I. Social Development: Social development trends in the Middle East, 1970-95; Poverty and social development in Africa. Part II. Poverty Measurement: What is known about identifying the poor in Africa and the Middle East?; Priorities of social policy measures and the interest of low-income people: the Egyptian case; Evaluating psychological and biological deprivation in low-income countries: focus on the Angolan experience. Part III. Social Reforms and Social Security: A welfare analysis of the price system reforms' effects on poverty in Tunisia; Design principles for an efficient and sustainable social security system; Institutional and regulatory issues in pension system reforms: country experiences and policy options. Part IV. Basic Health services: A framework for primary health care reforms; Evaluating health care policy reforms in Africa: a lesson from the use of precision service delivery techniques in animal health care management.
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