Building the Reading Brain, PreK-3 / Edition 2

Building the Reading Brain, PreK-3 / Edition 2

by Pamela A. (Ann) Nevills
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1412963265

ISBN-13: 9781412963268

Pub. Date: 01/06/2009

Publisher: SAGE Publications

This updated edition of the best-selling book covers brain theory and research to give educators a clear picture of how children acquire and develop language skills in preparation for reading.

Overview

This updated edition of the best-selling book covers brain theory and research to give educators a clear picture of how children acquire and develop language skills in preparation for reading.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781412963268
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Publication date:
01/06/2009
Edition description:
Second Edition
Pages:
232
Sales rank:
753,997
Product dimensions:
9.96(w) x 6.96(h) x 0.56(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

About the Authors xi

Introduction 1

1 On the Nature of Reading 5

The Importance of Learning to Read 6

Why Learning to Read Is So Difficult 7

The Basics of Reading 13

Reflective Questions 16

2 What Happens in the Brain When Children Read Words? 17

Brain Basics 18

Reading Problems With a Biological Basis 30

Attention and Memory Systems 35

Reflective Questions 43

3 Building a Foundation for Reading: Birth to Age 3 45

Reading Relies on Early Language Skills 46

The Beginnings of Language 49

The Language Explosion: 1 to 2 Years 51

Precursors to Writing in the First 3 Years 55

Reflective Questions 58

4 Emerging Literacy During the Preschool Years 59

Mirror Neurons Drive Learning 61

Oral Language and Vocabulary 62

Print Awareness and Alphabet 67

Developing Writing Skills 69

Reflective Questions 72

5 Beginning to Read: Ages 5 and 6 73

Instruction Essentials for Emerging Readers 74

The Brain's Memory Systems 81

Breaking Away From Static Teaching Tradition 89

More Priming Skills for 5- and 6-Year-Olds 91

Reflective Questions 96

6 Breaking the Reading Code: Learning to Read Through Instruction 97

Reading and Language Arts Guidelines for Kindergarten and First Grade 98

Structuring the Brain for Decoding 99

Word Recognition Gains Sophistication 106

Teaching Encoding: Spelling and Writing 108

Reading Beyond Encoding and Decoding 110

Reflective Questions 114

7 Assessing and Responding to Readers at Risk 115

The Case for Early Assessment 116

English Language Learners 118

Assessment of Students With Regularly Developing Reading Skills 121

Differences in Brain Development121

Assessment and Reading Standards 125

Response to Intervention: Reading Models 126

School Interventions That Work 128

Reflective Questions 133

8 Comprehension and Vocabulary: Challenges for Second Grade 135

Reading and Language Arts Guidelines for Second Grade 136

Instruction for Vocabulary and Comprehension 137

Ways to Teach the Curious Brain 138

Building the Brain for Comprehension 144

Strategic Reading With Comprehension in Mind 151

Reflective Questions 156

9 Putting Reading Skills to the Task: Expectations for Third Grade and Beyond 157

Reading and Language Arts Guidelines for Third Grade 158

Factors Affecting Reading Fluency 159

The Brain's Rate of Processing 161

Developing Reading Fluency 164

Final Comments 171

Reflective Questions 173

10 Conclusion 175

A Child's Brain and Reading: A Dozen Key Learnings 176

Glossary 181

Instructional Resources 189

References and Further Reading 193

Index 205

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