Bullets and Bacilli: The Spanish-American War and Military Medicine

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"Bullets and Bacilli is the first book to focus primarily on military medicine during the Spanish-American War. The historian Vincent J. Cirillo argues that a universal element of military culture stifled medical progress. The Spanish-American War gave army medical officers and opportunity to introduce new medical technologies to the battlefield, including the X-ray, aseptic surgery, and sanitary systems derived from germ theory. With few exceptions, however, their recommendations for preventive health measures were almost completely ignored. Scientific knowledge in itself was not sufficient to implement much-needed medical improvements; putting these ideas into military practice also required the cooperation of line officers and volunteer soldiers, as well as a restructuring of military education." The influence of military experiences on the history of American medicine is often overlooked. Cirillo shows how preventable deaths during the Spanish-American War led to reforms that continue to save the lives of both soldiers and civilians to the present day.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813533391
  • Publisher: Rutgers University Press
  • Publication date: 10/28/2003
  • Pages: 268
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
List of Tables
Introduction 1
1 Uncle Sam's "Splendid Little War" 6
2 The Army and the Army Medical Department 20
3 The Army Medical Department at War 31
4 Typhoid Fever in the National Encampments 57
5 The "Round Robin," the Dodge Commission, and the Embalmed-Beef Scandal 91
6 Outcomes of the War 111
7 Reprise: Typhoid Fever in the Anglo-Boer War 136
8 Conclusion 151
Appendixes 157
Notes 163
Bibliography 203
Index 227
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