Bureaucracy and Race: Native Administration in South Africa / Edition 1

Bureaucracy and Race: Native Administration in South Africa / Edition 1

by Ivan Evans
     
 

ISBN-10: 0520206517

ISBN-13: 9780520206519

Pub. Date: 09/29/1997

Publisher: University of California Press


Bureaucracy and Race overturns the common assumption that apartheid in South Africa was enforced only through terror and coercion. Without understating the role of violent intervention, Ivan Evans shows that apartheid was sustained by a great and ever-swelling bureaucracy. The Department of Native Affairs (DNA), which had dwindled during the last years of…  See more details below

Overview


Bureaucracy and Race overturns the common assumption that apartheid in South Africa was enforced only through terror and coercion. Without understating the role of violent intervention, Ivan Evans shows that apartheid was sustained by a great and ever-swelling bureaucracy. The Department of Native Affairs (DNA), which had dwindled during the last years of the segregation regime, unexpectedly revived and became the arrogant, authoritarian fortress of apartheid after 1948. The DNA was a major player in the prolonged exclusion of Africans from citizenship and the establishment of a racially repressive labor market.

Exploring the connections between racial domination and bureaucratic growth in South Africa, Evans points out that the DNA's transformation of oppression into "civil administration" institutionalized and, for whites, legitimized a vast, coercive bureaucratic culture, which ensnared millions of Africans in its workings and corrupted the entire state. Evans focuses on certain features of apartheid—the pass system, the "racialization of space" in urban areas, and the cooptation of African chiefs in the Bantustans—in order to make it clear that the state's relentless administration, not its overtly repressive institutions, was the most distinctive feature of South Africa in the 1950s.

All observers of South Africa past and present and of totalitarian states in general will follow with interest the story of how the Department of Native Affairs was crucial in transforming "the idea of apartheid" into a persuasive—and all too durable—practice.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780520206519
Publisher:
University of California Press
Publication date:
09/29/1997
Series:
Perspectives on Southern Africa Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
412
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
List of Abbreviations
List of Ministers of Native Affairs, 1910-60
Introduction1
1Ambivalent Intervention: Urban Administration in the Interwar Years25
2Reviving the Department of Native Affairs56
3Corrupting the State: Urban Labor Controls86
4The "Properly Planned Location"119
5Ideology and Administration in the Transkei163
6The Bastardization of Authority: Administration and Civil Society in the Transkei190
7From Native Administration to Bantu Administration224
8The Vulgarization of Authority and Rural Revolt: The Transkei, 1955-60246
Conclusion: Native Administration and State Formation277
Notes307
Selected Bibliography363
Index383

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