Bureaucracy and Race: Native Administration in South Africa / Edition 1by Ivan Evans
Pub. Date: 09/29/1997
Publisher: University of California Press
Bureaucracy and Race overturns the common assumption that apartheid in South Africa was enforced only through terror and coercion. Without understating the role of violent intervention, Ivan Evans shows that apartheid was sustained by a great and ever-swelling bureaucracy. The Department of Native Affairs (DNA), which had dwindled during the last years of/i>
Bureaucracy and Race overturns the common assumption that apartheid in South Africa was enforced only through terror and coercion. Without understating the role of violent intervention, Ivan Evans shows that apartheid was sustained by a great and ever-swelling bureaucracy. The Department of Native Affairs (DNA), which had dwindled during the last years of the segregation regime, unexpectedly revived and became the arrogant, authoritarian fortress of apartheid after 1948. The DNA was a major player in the prolonged exclusion of Africans from citizenship and the establishment of a racially repressive labor market.
Exploring the connections between racial domination and bureaucratic growth in South Africa, Evans points out that the DNA's transformation of oppression into "civil administration" institutionalized and, for whites, legitimized a vast, coercive bureaucratic culture, which ensnared millions of Africans in its workings and corrupted the entire state. Evans focuses on certain features of apartheidthe pass system, the "racialization of space" in urban areas, and the cooptation of African chiefs in the Bantustansin order to make it clear that the state's relentless administration, not its overtly repressive institutions, was the most distinctive feature of South Africa in the 1950s.
All observers of South Africa past and present and of totalitarian states in general will follow with interest the story of how the Department of Native Affairs was crucial in transforming "the idea of apartheid" into a persuasiveand all too durablepractice.
Table of Contents
|List of Abbreviations||xi|
|List of Ministers of Native Affairs, 1910-60||xiii|
|Part 1||Urban Administration|
|1.||Ambivalent Intervention: Urban Administration in the Interwar Years||25|
|2.||Reviving the Department of Native Affairs||56|
|3.||Corrupting the State: Urban Labor Controls||86|
|4.||The "Properly Planned Location"||119|
|Part 2||Administration in the Reserves|
|5.||Ideology and Administration in the Transkei||163|
|6.||The Bastardization of Authority: Administration and Civil Society in the Transkei||190|
|7.||From Native Administration to Bantu Administration||224|
|8.||The Vulgarization of Authority and Rural Revolt: The Transkei, 1955-60||246|
|Conclusion: Native Administration and State Formation||277|
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