But Is It Science?: The Philosophical Question in the Creation/Evolution Controversy / Edition 1

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On December 20, 2005, a U.S. district court in Dover, Pennsylvania, ruled in Kitzmiller et al. v. Dover Area School Board that teaching Intelligent Design in public school biology classes violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. The judge explained that Intelligent Design is not science and "cannot uncouple itself from its creationist, and thus religious, antecedents." This case was just the latest attempt by proponents of Intelligent Design or Creationism to undermine the teaching of evolution in high school biology classes. The emotionally charged controversy, which has been going on since the publication of Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species, shows no sign of letting up.
This excellent collection, now fully updated, will inform readers about the history of the debate and bring philosophical clarity to the complex arguments on both sides. The editors, both of whom served as expert witnesses in two different court cases, start by chronicling the heated discussion that surrounded the publication of Darwin’s famous work. In the next part, they present articles that explicate modern evolutionary theory, including philosophical critiques by Karl Popper and others. The selections that follow discuss so-called Creation Science, focusing in particular on the 1981 McLean court case in Arkansas. In the final section, the philosophical issues surrounding the distinction between religion and science in the most recent Kitzmiller case are considered. This outstanding overview of an important contemporary debate shows that philosophy has a vital role to play in major decisions affecting education and interpretations of science and religion.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781591025825
  • Publisher: Prometheus Books
  • Publication date: 8/28/2008
  • Edition description: Updated
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 450
  • Sales rank: 1,219,052
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert T. Pennock (East Lansing, MI) is a professor at Michigan State University, holding joint positions in the Lyman Briggs School of Science, the department of philosophy and computer science and engineering, and the ecology and evolutionary biology and behavior graduate program. He is the author of Tower of Babel: The Evidence against the New Creationism; the editor of Intelligent Design, Creationism, and Its Critics; and many scholarly articles.

Michael Ruse (Tallahassee, FL) is the Lucyle T. Werkmeister Professor of Philosophy at Florida State University and the author or editor of The Stem Cell Controversy; Cloning: Responsible Science or Technomadness?; Taking Darwin Seriously; Philosophy of Biology; and But Is It Science?, among many other works.

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Table of Contents

Preface 9

Pt. I Religious, Scientific, and Philosophical Background

Introduction to Part I 19

1 The Bible (Genesis 1 and 2; John 1:1-18) 27

2 Natural Theology William Paley Paley, William 33

3 On the Origin of Species Charles Darwin Darwin, Charles 38

4 Objections to Mr. Darwin's Theory of the Origin of Species Adam Sedgwick Sedgwick, Adam 65

5 The Origin of Species Thomas H. Huxley Huxley, Thomas H. 73

6 What Is Darwinism? Charles Hodge Hodge, Charles 82

7 Darwinism as a Metaphysical Research Program Karl Popper Popper, Karl 105

8 Karl Popper's Philosophy of Biology Michael Ruse Ruse, Michael 116

9 Human Nature: One Evolutionist's View Francisco Ayala Ayala, Francisco 136

10 Universal Darwinism Richard Dawkins Dawkins, Richard 158

Pt. II Creation Science and the McLean Case

Introduction to Part II 187

11 The Creationists Ronald L. Numbers Numbers, Ronald L. 192

12 Creation, Evolution, and the Historical Evidence Duane T. Gish Gish, Duane T. 231

13 Witness Testimony Sheet: McLean v. Arkansas Board of Education Michael Ruse Ruse, Michael 253

14 United States District Court Opinion: McLean v. Arkansas Board of Education William R. Overton Overton, William R. 279

15 The Demise of the Demarcation Problem Larry Laudan Laudan, Larry 312

16 Science at the Bar - Causes for Concern Larry Laudan Laudan, Larry 331

17 Pro Judice Michael Ruse Ruse, Michael 337

18 More on Creationism Larry Laudan Laudan, Larry 345

19 Commentary: Philosophers at the Bar - Some Reasons for Restraint Barry R. Gross Gross, Barry R. 350

Pt. III Intelligent Design Creationism and the Kitzmiller Case

Introduction to Part III 369

20 But Isn't ItCreationism? The Beginnings of "Intelligent Design" in the Midst of the Arkansas and Louisiana Litigation Nick Matzke Matzke, Nick 377

21 What Is Darwinism? Phillip E. Johnson Johnson, Phillip E. 414

22 Is It Science Yet? Intelligent Design, Creationism, and the Constitution Matthew J. Brauer Brauer, Matthew J. Barbara Forrest Forrest, Barbara Steven G. Gey Gey, Steven G. 426

23 Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District Expert Witness Testimony Michael Bebe Bebe, Michael 434

24 Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District Expert Report Robert T. Pennock Pennock, Robert T. 456

25 A Step toward the Legalization of Science Studies Steve Fuller Fuller, Steve 485

26 What Is Wrong with Intelligent Design? Elliott Sober Sober, Elliott 495

27 United States District Court Memorandum Opinion: Kitzmiller, et al. v. Dover Area School District, et al. John E. Jones II Jones, John E., II 506

28 Can't Philosophers Tell the Difference between Science and Religion? Demarcation Revisited Robert T. Pennock Pennock, Robert T. 536

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