By Any Means Necessary: Malcolm X: Real, Not Reinvented


Compiled as a response to Manning Marable's controversial new biography of Malcolm X, more than 30 noted scholars from the African American community offer their opinions on Marable's portrayal of the man whose short life still inspires speculation of what might have been.
Contributors include: Imam Al-Hajj Talib Abdur-Rashid, Mumia Abu-Jamal, Abdul Alkalimat, Molefi Kete Asante, Rick Ayers, Bryonn Bain, Amiri Baraka, Aslaku Ber-hanu, Amir Bey, Todd Steven Burroughs, Ta-Nehisi ...

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Compiled as a response to Manning Marable's controversial new biography of Malcolm X, more than 30 noted scholars from the African American community offer their opinions on Marable's portrayal of the man whose short life still inspires speculation of what might have been.
Contributors include: Imam Al-Hajj Talib Abdur-Rashid, Mumia Abu-Jamal, Abdul Alkalimat, Molefi Kete Asante, Rick Ayers, Bryonn Bain, Amiri Baraka, Aslaku Ber-hanu, Amir Bey, Todd Steven Burroughs, Ta-Nehisi Coates, William Jelani Cobb, Karl Evanzz, Iyaluua and Herman Ferguson, Bill Flectcher, Jr., Glen Ford, Rhone Fraser, Wil Haygood, Kelly Harris, Errol A. Henderson, Fred Hord, Peter James Hudson, Ezra Hyland, Regina Jennings, Peniel E. Joseph, Clyde Ledbetter Jr., Fred Logan, Kevin McGruder, Starla Muhammad, Nell Irvin Painter, Imani Perry, Gregory J. Reed, Sonia Sanchez, Diane D. Turner, Ilyasah Shabazz

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780883783368
  • Publisher: Third World Press
  • Publication date: 2/28/2012
  • Pages: 284
  • Sales rank: 787,500
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Herb Boyd By Any Means Necessary

Herb Boyd is a journalist, activist, teacher, and has authored or edited 23 books,
including By Any Means Necessary: Malcolm X Real Not Reinvented (co-edited with
Haki Madhubuti, Maulana Karenga, and Ron Daniels); and Civil Rights: Yesterday &
Today. His book Baldwin's Harlem, a biography of James Baldwin, was a finalist
for a 2009 NAACP Image Award. In 1995, with Robert Allen, he was a recipient
of an American Book Award for Brotherman—The Odyssey of Black Men in America,
an anthology. We Shall Overcome, a media-fusion book with narration by the late
Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee, is used in classrooms all over the world, as is his
Autobiography of a People and The Harlem Reader. His articles can be found in such
publications as The Black Scholar, The Final Call, the Amsterdam News, Cineaste,
Downbeat, The Network Journal, and The Daily Beast among others.

Ron Daniels is President of the Institute of the Black World 21st Century, Founder of
the Haiti Support Project and Distinguished Lecturer at York College City University of
New York. He previously served as Executive Director of the Center for Constitutional
Rights, Executive Director of the National Rainbow Coalition and Deputy Campaign
Manager of Rev. Jesse L. Jackson's 1988 Campaign for President. In 1990, along with
Dr. James Turner, Dr. Daniels served as Co-Chairman of the National Malcolm X
Commemoration Commission which proclaimed May 19, the birthday of Malcolm X, a
National African American Day of Commemoration.

Maulana Karenga is Professor and chair of Africana Studies at California State
University, Long Beach. An activist-scholar who has played a major role in Black
intellectual and political culture since the 60s, he is the creator of the pan-African cultural
holiday Kwanzaa and the author of several books including the forthcoming novel The
Liberation Ethics of Malcolm X: An Emancipatory Critique and Corrective, a study of
the social and ethical philosophy of Malcolm X.

HAKI R. MADHUBUTI—poet, publisher, editor and educator—has published more than
31 books. He founded Third World Press in 1967 and is also a founder of the Institute
of Positive Education/New Concept School, co-founder of Betty Shabazz International
Charter School, Barbara A. Sizemore Middle School, and DuSable Leadership Academy.
Professor Madhubuti is also a founder and chairman of the board of the International
Literary Hall of Fame for Writers of African Descent. He is an award-winning poet
and recipient of the National Endowment for the Arts and National Endowment for the
Humanities fellowships, American Book Award, and others. His distinguished fortythree-
year teaching career includes faculty positions at Columbia College of Chicago,
Cornell University, University of Illinois at Chicago, Howard University, Morgan State
University, the University of Iowa and Chicago State University. Madhubuti most
recently served as the 2010-2011 Ida B. Wells-Barnett University Professor at DePaul
University. His latest book of poems is Honoring Genius: Gwendolyn Brooks: The
Narrative of Craft, Art, Kindness and Justice.

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Table of Contents

Opening Words

Malcolm Sonia Sanchez xi

Publisher's Statement: Actually an Obligation Haki R. Madhubuti xiii

Introduction Herb Boyd xxv

Laying the Groundwork

When All is Said … Malcolm's Legacy is Secure Ron Daniels 3

The Meaning and Measure of Malcolm X: Critical Remembrance and Rightful Reading Maulana Karenga 10

Response, Message and Meaning

The Meaning of Manning Marable's Biography of Malcolm X Imam Talib Abdur-Rashid 29

On Manning's Malcolm X Mumia Abu-Jamal 34

Rethinking Malcolm Means First Learning how to Think: What was Marable Thinking? And Why? Abdul Alkalimat 36

An Afrocentric Take on Manning Marable's Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention Molefi Kete Asante 51

Malcolm X Still Inspires Today Rick Ayers 60

Manning Marable's Malcolm X Book Amiri Baraka 68

Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable, A Look at the Book Amir Bey 76

The Fault Lies not in our Stars, But in our Biographers: Minutes to Midnight, Manning Marable Succumbs Todd Steven Burroughs 81

The Legacy of Malcolm X Ta-Nehisi Coates 87

Marable, Redefining Biography Jelani Cobb 97

Paper Tiger Karl Evanzz 101

Evolution of a Black Nationalist Revolutionary Iyaluua Herman Ferguson 107

Manning Marable and the Malcolm X Biography Controversy: A Response to Critics African World Bill Fletcher Jr. 121

Dragging Malcolm X to Obamaland Glen Ford 136

Marable's Revolutionary Malcolm Rhone Fraser 142

Manning Marable: Humanizing Malcolm or Denigrating Legacies? Kelly Harris 149

Manning Marable's Malcolm X Wil Haygood..... 159

A Toothless Pursuit of a Revolutionary's Truths: Marable's Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention Errol Henderson 163

Malcolm X: The Man and Our Times Fred Hord 178

Unearthing Meaning in Marable's Malcolm X Peter lames Hudson 188

Manning Marable's Regurgitation on the Life and Memory of Malcolm X Ezra Hyland 191

Is Imitation Truly the Mother of Invention? Regina Jennings 200

Rescuing Malcolm X From His Calculated Myths Peniel E. Joseph 207

Malcolm, Charisma and Ancestry Clyde Ledbetter Jr 217

Reinforcing Barricades Fred Logan 224

On Malcolm, Ourselves Kevin McGruder 230

A Response Starla Muhammad 235

Revising Perspectives on Malcolm X Nell Irvin Painter 238

A Review of Manning Marable's Malcolm X Imani Perry 241

By Any Means Gregory J. Reed Bryonn Bain 244

We Declare Our Right to be a Human Being: Malcolm X, "A Life of Reclamation" Michael Simanga 257

Malcolm X: Reinvention or African-centered Service and Sacrifice Diane D. Turner Aslaku Berhanu 263

Last Word

On My Father Ilyasah Shabazz 275

Contributors 278

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