The Cakrasamvara Tantra : A Study and Annotated Translation

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This is the first complete, critical English translation of the Cakrasamvara Tantra, also known as the Sriherukabhidhana and Laghusamvara. Composed in India during the eighth century, this text is a foundational scripture of one of the most important Indian Buddhist tantric traditions, as evidenced by the vast number of commentaries and ritual literature associated with it. The author's introductory essay provides an analysis of the historical and intellectual contexts in which the text was composed, and also investigates the history of its adaptation by Buddhists. The translation itself is heavily annotated, with extensive translations from the Indian and Tibetan commentaries on the text. Includes a trilingual glossary and index.

Published by American Institute of Buddhist Studies (AIBS)

American Institute of Buddhist Studies

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Editorial Reviews

Gray's The Cakrasamvara Tantra is a landmark in the study of tantric Buddhism.

— Roger Jackson

Journal of Religioun

The absence of a Western language translation of this historically and religiously significant work has long been a major gap in Buddhist and Tantric studies.

Journal of Religion
The absence of a Western language translation of this historically and religiously significant work has long been a major gap in Buddhist and Tantric studies.
Buddhadharma - Roger Jackson

Gray's The Cakrasamvara Tantra is a landmark in the study of tantric Buddhism.


Gray's The Cakrasamvara Tantra is a landmark in the study of tantric Buddhism.

— Roger Jackson

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780975373460
  • Publisher: American Institute of Buddhist Studies
  • Publication date: 7/17/2007
  • Series: Treasury of the Buddhist Sciences Series
  • Edition description: ANN
  • Pages: 468
  • Sales rank: 1,098,179
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Meet the Author

David B. Gray is a lecturer in the Religious Studies Department at Rice University.

American Institute of Buddhist Studies

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Table of Contents

Series Editor's Preface     ix
Author's Preface     xv
Introduction: The Study of the Cakrasamvara Tantra
Introduction to the Cakrasamvara Tantra
The Cakrasamvara and the Yogini Tantras     3
Dating the Text     11
Cakrasamvara Literature     15
Traditional History of the Cakrasamvara Tantra
Mythic Root Texts     28
The Origin of Heruka     35
Contents and Contexts
The Triple Wheel Mandala     54
Dakinis, Yoginis, and Women     77
Consecration and the Sexual Yogas     103
Mantras and Magic     131
Texts and Translation
Texts Employed     137
Translation Methodology     145
Technical Notes     151
Translation of the Cakrasamvara Tantra
The Descent of the Mandala     155
The Procedure of Wheel Worship     164
The Procedure of Consecration and Fee [Payment]     171
The Procedure Called 'The Nonduality of the Heroes and Yoginis'     178
The Procedure of Selecting the Letters of the Root Mantra     181
The Procedure of Selecting the Hero's Six Armor [Mantras]     186
The Procedure of Selecting the Mantra     188
The Procedure of Selecting the Reversed Yogini Mantras     194
The Procedure of the Ritual Actions of the Root Mantra     196
The Achievement of the Triple Body and the Procedure of the Ritual Actions of the Essence Mantra     202
The Procedure of Characterizing the Seven-lived One     206
The Procedure of the Ritual Actions of the Quintessence     209
The Procedure of the Applications of the Armor Mantra     214
The Procedure of the Donkey Form Yoga for Becoming Sri Heruka     217
The Procedure of the Syllabic Signs     222
The Procedure of Examining the Characteristics of the Seven Yoginis     226
The Procedure of the Signs, Gestures, and Perambulant Forms of All Yoginis     232
The True Procedure of the Colors, Characteristics, and Signs of all Yoginis     236
The Procedure of Pointing Out the Gestures of the Yoginis     239
The Procedure of the Symbolic Hand Gestures of the Yoginis     243
The Procedure of the Characteristics of the Visual Body Gestures     246
The Procedure of the Characteristics of the Distinctive Limb Gestures     248
The Procedure of the Characteristics of the Dakinis' Signs and Insignia     250
The Procedure of the Symbolic Speech of the Four Classes     256
The Procedure of Completely Hiding the Root Mantra     263
The Procedures of Inspecting the Disciple and the Vows     265
The Procedures of the Conduct, Observances, Worship, and Sacrificial Cakes     271
The Procedures of the Inner Fire Sacrifice and Class Oneness     282
The Procedures of the Messenger's Defining Marks and the State of Empowerment     289
The Procedure of Mantra Selection Bound in the Muraja Drum     292
The Procedure of the Rites of Eating, Fire Sacrifice and the Sacrificial Cakes, and the Hand Signs     297
The Procedures of the Animal Sacrificial Victims, the Means of Achieving the Zombie, and the Creation Stage     300
The Reverential Procedure of Secret Worship     305
The Procedure of Summoning via the Fire Sacrifice of the Nondual Messenger     308
The Procedure of the Nondual Ritual Action and the Method of Cheating Black Death     312
The Procedure of Summoning the Reality Worship     317
The Procedure of Inner Mastery     320
The Procedure of the Yoginis' Place and the Heroes' Secret Abode     322
The Procedure of Vision and Loud Laughter     325
The Procedures of Subjugating the Five Social Classes and Mahamudra     327
The Procedure of Laying Down the Mandala of the Twenty-four Syllables     329
The Procedure of the Laughter Mantra and the Magic of the Yoginis' Forms     338
The Procedure of Accomplishing the Ritual Actions of the Quintessence [Mantra]     343
The Procedure of the Six Yoginis' Ritual Actions with the Seven Syllable [Mantra]     350
The Six Yogini Ritual Actions and the Summoning of the Power of Speech     353
The Procedure of Ritual Actions with the Five ha Syllables     358
The Procedure of All Ritual Actions of the Sarvabuddhadakini Mantra     360
The Procedure of the Mandala of the Hidden Abode of all Heroes and Dakinis     364
The Procedure of Transforming the Victim who is Born Seven Times     367
The Procedure of the Domination Fire Sacrifice and the Teaching of the Stages in Relation to the Seats, etc.     370
Creation Stage Esoteric Instruction     376
Glossaries     385
Conspectus Siglorum     405
Bibliography     409
Index     437
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