Calculated Risk: The U. S. Decision to Recognize Israel

Overview

For millennia, the Middle East has been the locus of cultural, religious, and world history. The epicenter for the past sixty-years has been the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, an intractable spiral of ethnic animosity and violence sparked by the birth of the State of Israel. To truly comprehend the traumas that plague the Middle East today, you must return to the origins of the conflict and to the role of the United States in influencing events.

The United States' decision to ...

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A Calculated Risk: The U.S. Decision to Recognize Israel

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Overview

For millennia, the Middle East has been the locus of cultural, religious, and world history. The epicenter for the past sixty-years has been the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, an intractable spiral of ethnic animosity and violence sparked by the birth of the State of Israel. To truly comprehend the traumas that plague the Middle East today, you must return to the origins of the conflict and to the role of the United States in influencing events.

The United States' decision to recognize Israel was a calculated risk that pitted the goodwill and oil of the Arab states against the political clout of the American Zionist movement and a desire to redress the calamities visited upon European Jewry during World War II. Present and intimately involved in these events was career diplomat Evan M. Wilson. A Calculated Risk is Wilson's chronicle of decisions of unimaginable consequence made in both the Middle East and Washington.

Evan Wilson worked for thirty years as a foreign service officer for the U.S. State Department's Near East Division, including a posting as Consul General of Jerusalem. His clear, balanced, and unbiased account springs from knowledge gained through his firsthand experience as well as almost unlimited access to Executive and State Department briefings and documents.

A Calculated Risk details each milestone that led to the creation of Israel, starting in the 1940s with the American Emergency Committee for Zionist Affairs reviving the idea for a Jewish national state. Wilson's assignments in Egypt, Iran, Lebanon, and Jerusalem in various posts-including Secretary of the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry for Palestine-kept him in the diplomatic inner circle for threedecades, a tenure that provides his book with unassailable perspective and a commitment to historical accuracy.

Complete with rarely seen photographs and documents gathered for the first time in one place, A Calculated Risk is the perfect book if you're looking for fair and cogent insight into the conflict whose repercussions continue to wreak havoc around the world.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781578603077
  • Publisher: Clerisy Press
  • Publication date: 1/28/2008
  • Pages: 384
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments     6
Foreword     10
Preface     21
Introduction: The Setting and the Cast of Characters     33
The Biltmore Program Calls for a Jewish State     67
The United States Finds a Policy     77
Palestine Becomes a Political Issue     95
Roosevelt's Last Months     109
President Truman and the 100,000 Jews     124
The Abortive Attempt at Anglo-American Cooperation     143
Bridging the Gap: London Conference Breaks Down     193
Palestine Before the United Nations     211
The State of Israel Is Born     248
Epilogue     283
Appendixes
Order (No. 21) Establishing the Department of State Division of Near Eastern Affairs     296
Responsibilities of the Near East Division     297
Extracts from Theodor Herzl's Der Judenstuat, 1896     299
Program of the First World Zionist Congress     299
The Balfour Declaration     300
The Zionist (Biltmore) Program     301
Statement for Issuance by the Governments of the United States and the United Kingdom Regarding Palestine     304
Proposed Congressional Resolutions (1944)     305
President Roosevelt to Senator Robert F. Wagner     307
Palestine (A Summary)     308
President Roosevelt's Letter to King Ibn Saud, April 5, 1945     309
Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel     311
The Agent of the Provisional Government of Israel (Epstein) to President Truman     316
Notes     318
Bibliography     367
Index     377
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