The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language / Edition 3

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"This new, thoroughly revised edition of the acclaimed Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language incorporates the major developments in language study which have taken place since the mid-1990s. Two main new areas have been added: the rise of electronic communication in all its current forms, from email to tweeting, and the crisis affecting the world's languages, of which half are thought to be so seriously endangered that they will the out this century." "Praise for the Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language" "á...magnificently demonstrates Professor Crystal's outstanding breadth of knowledge, incisiveness of judgment and superb skills at getting to the heart of highly complex issues in a clear and straightforward manner'.---Randolph Quirk, FBA" "á... David Crystal has a great facility for explaining language issues with plain good sense, wit and admirable brevity'.---The Times Educational Supplement" áInvestigates every conceivable corner of the world of language'.---The Christian Science Monitor'...remarkably accessible ... the writing is plain and non-technical ...' Toronto Globe and Mail.

Crystal offers a straightforward, narrative account of language--its variety, history, and structure--to cover a broad range of information in a lively and visually appealing manner. Includes a glossary of more than 1,000 terms and a table of the world's languages. More than 350 illustrations and 30 maps.

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Editorial Reviews

Library Journal
This is a collection of concise and readable essays on the many subfields of linguistics, ranging from the invention of the alphabet to the Kurzweil Reading Machine and covering both theoretical and applied approaches to the subject. Numerous illustrations and charts make the text more vivid, and a glossary, a table of the world's languages, and several indexes make it eminently usable. Respected British linguist Crystal has done an admirable job of condensing information from many specialized fields into a form that will be intelligible to lay readers as well as linguists. Useful for public as well as academic libraries. Catherine V. von Schon, SUNY at Stony Brook Lib.
From the Publisher
Praise for Previous Edition: ‘… a celebration of language in all its oddity, beauty, fun, astonishing complexity and limitless variety.’ --London Review of Books

‘… an ingenious tour de force … stunningly diverse linguistic menu.’ --Robert Burchfield, The Times

‘… David Crystal has a great facility for explaining language issues with plain good sense, wit and admirable brevity.’ --The Times Educational Supplement

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521516983
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 7/12/2010
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 524
  • Product dimensions: 8.70 (w) x 10.90 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Meet the Author

David Crystal is one of the world's foremost authorities on language and works as a writer, editor, lecturer, and broadcaster. He is Honorary Professor of Linguistics at the University of Wales, Bangor and has published over 100 books. His most recent publications include: Think On My Words: Exploring Shakespeare's Language (2008), Language and the Internet, 2nd Edition (2006) and English as a Global Language, 2nd Edition (2003).
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Table of Contents

Preface to the first edition

Preface to the second edition

I Popular ideas about language 1

1 The prescriptive tradition 2

2 The equality of languages 6

3 The magic of language 8

4 The functions of language 10

5 Language and thought 14

II Language and identity 17

6 Physical identity 18

7 Psychological identity 22

8 Geographical identity 24

9 Ethnic and national identity 34

10 Social identity 38

11 Contextual identity 50

12 Stylistic identity and literature 68

III The structure of language 83

13 Linguistic levels 84

14 Typology and universal 86

15 The statistical structure of language 90

16 Grammar 92

17 Semantics 104

18 Dictionaries 112

19 Names 116

20 Discourse and text 120

21 Pragmatics 124

IV The medium of language: speaking and listening 129

22 The anatomy and physiology of speech 130

23 The acoustics of speech 138

24 The instrumental analysis of speech 144

25 Speech reception 148

26 Speech interaction with machines 155

27 The sounds of speech 160

28 The linguistic use of sound 168

29 Suprasegmentals 177

30 Sound symbolism 182

V The medium of language: writing and reading 185

31 Written and spoken language 186

32 Graphic expression 190

33 Graphology 204

34 The process of reading and writing 218

VI The medium of language: signing and seeing 229

35 Sign language 230

36 Sign language structure 232

37 Types of sign language 234

VII Child language acquisition 237

38 Investigating children's language 238

39 The first year 246

40 Phonological development 250

41 Grammatical development 252

42 Semantic development 254

43 Pragmatic development 256

44 Language development in school 258

VIII Language, brain, and disability 267

45 Language and the brain 268

46 Language disability 274

IX The languages of the world 293

47 How many languages? 294

48 How many speakers? 296

49 The origins of language 298

50 Families of languages 302

51 The Indo-European family 306

52 Other families 314

53 Language isolates 336

54 Language change 338

55 Pidgins and creoles 344

X Language in the world 351

56 The language barrier 352

57 Translating and interpreting 354

58 Artificial languages 362

59 World languages 367

60 Multilingualism 372

61 Language planning 376

62 Foreign language learning and teaching 388

63 Language for special purposes 398

XI Language and communication 419

64 Language and other communication systems 420

65 Linguistics 428

Appendices 439

I Glossary 440

II Special symbols and abbreviations used in the encyclopedia 462

III Table of the world's languages 465

IV Further reading 484

V References 489

VI Index of languages, families, dialects, and scripts 494

VII Index of authors and personalities 498

VIII Index of topics 501

Acknowledgements 514

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Customer Reviews

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Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted March 15, 2004

    All About The Talk

    I would highly recomend this book to all students wanting to learn all about lauguage. It's history, theories, stuucture and variety. Crystal picked a great title for this book. You can find all you want about language in his encyclopedia.

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