The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy

The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy

by Keimpe Algra, Jonathan Barnes, Jaap Mansfeld, Malcolm Schofield
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0521250285

ISBN-13: 9780521250283

Pub. Date: 04/01/1900

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy provides a full account of the philosophy of the Greek and Roman worlds from the last days of Aristotle (c. 320 BC) until 100 BC. Organized by subject, with sections on logic, epistemology, physics and metaphysics, ethics and politics, the volume is a source of reference for any student of ancient philosophy, classical

Overview

The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy provides a full account of the philosophy of the Greek and Roman worlds from the last days of Aristotle (c. 320 BC) until 100 BC. Organized by subject, with sections on logic, epistemology, physics and metaphysics, ethics and politics, the volume is a source of reference for any student of ancient philosophy, classical antiquity or the philosophy of later periods. Greek and Latin are used sparingly and always translated in the main text.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521250283
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
04/01/1900
Pages:
936
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 2.09(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexi
Part 1Introduction
1.Sources
IWhy so much has been lost3
IIPrimary sources5
IIISecondary sources6
IVQuellenforschung13
VGenres16
VIDoxography17
VIIOn sects19
VIIISuccessions23
IXBiography25
XFragments26
XITradition and reception29
2.Chronology
IIntroduction31
IIThe Academy31
IIIThe Peripatos35
IVThe Stoa37
VThe Garden43
VIPyrrhonists46
VIIMinor Socratics47
VIIISurvey48
AppendixSuccessions of scholarchs53
3.Organization and structure of the philosophical schools55
Part IILogic and Language
4.Introduction
IA map of logic65
IIThe value of logic67
IIIThe history of Hellenistic logic69
5.Logic
IThe Peripatetics77
IIThe 'Megarics'83
IIIThe Stoics92
6.Language
ILinguistics177
IIRhetoric216
IIIPoetics221
Part IIIEpistemology
7.Introduction: the beginnings of Hellenistic epistemology
IThe epistemological turn229
IIPyrrho241
IIICyrenaic epistemology251
8.Epicurean epistemology
ICanonic260
IIPerceptions264
IIIPreconceptions276
IVBeliefs283
9.Stoic epistemology
IThe possibility of knowledge295
IICognition296
IIICognitive impressions300
IVClearness, distinctness, evidence312
VAssent to cognitive impressions313
VIThe criteria316
VIIConclusion321
10.Academic epistemology
IIntroduction323
IIArcesilaus: the problem of interpretation324
IIIArcesilaus' position327
IVTwo objections to Arcesilaus331
VCarneades on opinion and assent334
VICarneades on the impossibility of knowledge338
VIICarneades' 'probabilism'345
VIIIConclusion350
Part IVPhysics and Metaphysics
11.Hellenistic physics and metaphysics
IIntroduction355
IIDiodorus Cronus356
IIIEpicurean physics362
IVStoic physics and metaphysics382
12.Cosmology
IIntroduction: the fourth-century legacy412
IIThe Epicureans418
IIIThe early Stoics432
13.Theology
IPhilosophical theology452
IIExistence and attributes454
IIIThe gods, the world and men462
IVKnowledge of God469
VAcademic views and criticisms475
14.Explanation and causation
IBackground479
IIStoic materialism481
IIIThe Stoic analysis of causation483
IVAntecedent causes487
VThe concept of preceding causes490
VIDispositions and powers491
VIICauses and conditions494
VIIICauses and time497
IXThe Epicureans and causal explanation498
XTeleology and mechanism503
XIThe limits of explanation: multiple explanations505
XIIThe limits of explanation: empiricism507
15.Determinism and indeterminism
IThe origins of the question513
IILogic and contingency516
IIIThe Hellenistic response517
IVThe Epicurean position522
VThe Stoic response to the Master argument: fate and necessity526
VIThe Chrysippean notion of fate: soft determinism529
VIIFate and responsibility: confatalia and the eph' hemin531
VIIIDivination and fate534
IXSoft determinism537
XFate and moral progress540
16.Epicurean psychology
IIntroduction542
IIThe psuche543
IIIPhysicalism and materialism546
IVEpicurean physicalism550
VVoluntary action553
VIConclusion558
17.Stoic psychology
IIntroduction560
IIThe physical structure of the psuche and its location in the body562
IIIRationality and the faculties of the mind572
IVConcluding remarks584
18.Philosophy, science and medicine
IPhilosophy and mathematics585
IIEpicureanism and mathematics587
IIIScepticism and geometry590
IVPhilosophy, astronomy and astrology595
VAnatomy and philosophical questions599
VIMedical knowledge and experience604
VIIMedical disputes and philosophical arguments608
Part VEthics and Politics
19.The Socratic legacy
IIntroduction617
IIThe Socratic presence in Greek ethics618
IIIAntisthenes and Diogenes -- Cynic ethics623
IVCrates and the literary transmission of Cynicism629
VAristippus and Cyrenaic hedonism632
VISocratic ethics and Hellenistic scepticism639
20.Epicurean ethics
IIntroduction642
IIEthics within the philosophy of Epicurus644
IIIPhilosophical background647
IVPleasure and the foundation of ethics648
VPleasure as the goal651
VIDesire and the limits of life657
VIIVirtue and friendship666
VIIIPractice669
21.Stoic ethics
IFoundations and first principles675
IIOikeiosis and primary impulse677
IIICosmic nature and human nature682
IVThe goal of life684
VThe good687
VIValues, actions and choice690
VIIPassions699
VIIIMoral education and the problem of the passions705
IXVirtue and wisdom714
XMoral progress724
XIDeterminism and ethics: impulse with reservation736
22.Social and political thought
IIntroduction739
IIAn overview740
IIIOn kingship742
IVPolybius on the growth and decline of constitutions744
VEpicureanism on security748
VIZeno's Republic756
VIIJustice, oikeiosis and the cosmic city760
VIIIRetrospect769
Epilogue771
Synopsis of principal events798
Editions of sources and fragments805
List of abbreviations820
Bibliography828
Index locorum876
General index907

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