Camera and Action: American Film as Agent of Social Change, 1965-1975

Paperback (Print)


This study examines the changes in the American film industry, audiences, and feature films between 1965 and 1975. With transformations in production codes, adjustments in national narratives, a rise in independent filmmaking, and a new generation of directors and producers addressing controversial issues on the mainstream screen, film was a major influence on the social changes that defined these years. After a contextual history of film during this era, several key films are discussed, including The Graduate, Alice's Restaurant, Easy Rider, Midnight Cowboy, M*A*S*H, McCabe and Mrs. Miller, Little Big Man, and The Godfather series. The author describes how these films represented a generation, constructed and deconstructed American culture, and made important contributions during ten years of great change in America.

About the Author:
Elaine M. Bapis is an adjunct professor and has taught literature, history, and film at Westminster College and the University of Utah. Her current interests include the study of early twentieth century immigration and film. She lives in Salt Lake City

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780786433414
  • Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
  • Publication date: 5/20/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 263
  • Product dimensions: 6.80 (w) x 9.80 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Elaine M. Bapis is an adjunct professor and has taught literature, history, and film at Westminster College and the University of Utah. Her current interests include the study of early twentieth century immigration and film. She lives in Salt Lake City.

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Table of Contents

Preface 1

Introduction For the Love of Film 3

Industry and Audiences

I As Hollywood Turned: Expansion, Exhibition, Codes, and Directors at Mid-Decade 15

II A New Audience for the Now Movie: Film Societies, the College Campus, the American Film Institute and Making Film Art 27


III The Graduate: Representing a Generation 41

IV Alice's Restaurant: Constructing Hippie Folk and Legitimizing Revolutionary Distinction 61

V Back in the Saddle Again: Men, Westerns, Hippies, and Easy Rider 78


VI Under the Influence: Representing Masculinity in Midnight Cowboy 99

VII No Icon Left Unturned: M*A*S*H and the Project of Antiestablishment 114

VIII Out of the Saddle, into the Seventies: Gender in McCabe and Mrs. Miller 128

IX What's Sex Got to Do with It? Carnal Knowledge and the Delusion of Telling It Like It Is 145


X Forever Native: Penn's New Authentics in Little Big Man 163

XI The Godfather Films as America 178

Conclusion Cinematic Anarchists Go Generic 204

Chapter Notes 213

Selected Bibliography 237

Index 253

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