Campaign and Election Reform: A Reference Handbook / Edition 2

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Overview

Why is voter turnout in the United States so low compared with that in other Western democracies? Many experts feel that the present system of campaigns, elections, and election laws has caused mass disillusionment, which discourages voter participation.

Campaign and Election Reform gathers a wealth of information about attempts to reform the electoral process. The authors discuss such political circumstances as party corruption and excessive campaign donations. Emphasis is placed on the various explanations for continued low voter turnout rates and suggested changes in the electoral system that may increase citizen participation.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
This reference handbook on US electoral reforms offers brief descriptions of key reforms throughout the country's history, a chronology of significant events, biographical sketches of key figures, survey and other data on campaign financing and related matters, quotations on such topics as term limits and racial gerrymandering, a list of organizations and agencies, a lengthy annotated list of books, and shorter lists of periodicals, nonprint media, and Internet resources. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
From the Publisher
"This book is another fine addition to the Contemporary World Issues Series. Campaign and Election Reform succeeds in delivering an accurate overview of the complex issues associated with campaign and election reform and provides a comprehensive selection of reference tools for both the scholar and the nonspecialist."

-

American Reference Books Annual

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781598840698
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 6/28/2008
  • Series: Contemporary World Issues Series
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 371
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Table of Contents


Preface     xi
Background and History     1
Suffrage Expansion and Voting Rights     1
Term Limits     7
Ballot Fraud and Voter Fraud     8
The Electoral College     11
Candidate Nominations     14
Progressive Era Reforms     17
Low Voter Turnout     18
Elections in a Crisis     21
Legislative Apportionment and Gerrymandering     22
Campaign Finance, the Federal Election Campaign Act, and the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act     24
The Help America Vote Act and Beyond     30
References     37
Problems, Controversies, and Solutions     43
Electoral Mechanics     44
Election Ballots     48
The Electoral College     49
Voter Turnout     53
Early and Absentee Voting     54
Simplifying Election Forms     56
Voting and the Disabled     56
Mail-Ballot Elections     58
Voting Assistance Programs     59
Public Employees     60
Representation Systems     61
At-Large Elections     61
District Elections     62
MultimemberDistricts     62
Proportional Representation     63
Campaign Advertising and the Mass Media     66
Nontraditional Voters     67
Campaign Spending     69
References     72
Campaigns and Elections in Selected Western European Democracies     77
Denmark     79
England     84
France     89
Germany     93
Italy     99
Norway     105
Poland     109
Sweden     113
References     118
Chronology     123
Biographical Sketches     159
Herbert E. Alexander     159
Douglas J. Amy     160
Susan Brownell Anthony     161
Kathleen L. Barber     162
Kimball William Brace     163
Richard A. Cloward     164
Chandler Davidson     165
David L. Dill     166
Richard L. Engstrom     167
Russ Feingold     168
Bernard N. Grofman     169
Lani Guinier     170
Stanley A. Halpin Jr.     171
Bev Harris     172
Paul Jacob      173
David B. Magleby     174
Michael J. Malbin     175
Thomas E. Mann     176
John S. McCain III     176
Laughlin McDonald     178
Louise Overacker     178
Mark P. Petracca     179
Richard H. Pildes     180
Frances Fox Piven     181
Trevor Potter     182
Robert "Rob" Richie     183
Elizabeth Cady Stanton     185
Edward Still     186
Fred Wertheimer     187
Data and Documents     189
Campaign Finance Law     190
Public Attitudes toward Campaign Finance Laws     192
Electoral and Voting Controversies     196
Public Attitudes toward the Electoral and Voting Processes     199
Major U.S. Supreme Court Decisions on Campaign Finance     202
U.S. Supreme Court Decisions on Political Participation     204
U.S. Supreme Court Decisions on Redistricting     206
The Costs of Elections     207
Voter Turnout and Voter Registration     212
Quotations     216
Alternate Electoral Systems     216
Balloting and Voting     217
Buckley v. Valeo      219
Campaign Finance and Ethics     221
Campaign Finance Reform     223
Electoral College     227
Money and Elections     229
Racial Gerrymandering     232
Redistricting and Reapportionment     234
Term Limits     236
Voting Rights     236
References     237
Directory of Organizations     241
Resources     273
Print Resources     273
Books     273
Periodicals     299
Nonprint Resources     304
Videotapes, DVDs, and Films     304
Databases     321
Internet Resources     321
Glossary     333
Index     355
About the Author     371
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