Campus Rules and Moral Community: In Place of in Loco Parentis (Issues in Academic Ethics Series)

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Colleges and universities have largely abandoned their traditional stance in loco parentis, as moral guardians over student life, and instead seek to promote toleration while preventing conflict. In doing so, argues David A. Hoekema, they fail to provide an atmosphere conducive to the attainment of the kind of responsible independence that such goals presuppose.

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Editorial Reviews

David A. Hoekema . . . has written an entertaining, good-humored, and pointed account of the stages by which American higher education has moved away from the 'Rin loco parentis' doctrine, and he also has documented the sometimes befuddled and even comic attempts to find alternative ways of defining campus 'community'.
...well thought out and deserves extensive consideration...a thoughtful discussion...
From the Publisher
"...this is not only a useful book, but it is really a remarkably important contribution in an area of great sensitivity and public concern. Hoekema has done a careful, imaginative and responsible job of sorting out the issues of collegiate responsibility for behavior within the campus will make such an important contribution to the emerging national debate on the subject."-Stanley N. Katz, American Council of Learned Societies
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780847676897
  • Publisher: The Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group Inc
  • Publication date: 1/28/1994
  • Series: Issues in Academic Ethics Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 290
  • Product dimensions: 9.00 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 0.65 (d)

Meet the Author

David Hoekema is academic dean and professor of philosophy at Calvin College. He is a former executive director of the American Philosophical Association.

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Table of Contents

Introduction: Campuses in the News for All the Wrong Reasons 1
1 Living on Campus After the Revolution 9
2 Institutional Parenthood: The Doctrine of In Loco Parentis 21
Legal Cases Invoking the Doctrine 22
Four Elements of the Doctrine 27
The Retreat From In Loco Parentis 28
Recent Legal Developments 31
3 Two Views of the Present Situation: A Survey and a Field Study 45
Administrators' Perceptions: Results of a Survey 47
An Anthropologist's View: Results of a Field Study 55
4 The Content of Student Codes: Thou Shalt Have No Large Refrigerators 65
No Cooking in the Kitchenette and Other Curiosities 66
Procedures for Enactment and Enforcement 68
Plagiarism and Academic Dishonesty 72
Drinking and Alcohol Abuse on Campus 80
Illegal Drug Use 90
Sexual and Social Mores 95
Abusive Speech and Writing 104
5 The Goals of Student-Life Policies 115
What Counts as Success? 117
Derek Bok on Moral Character 127
Implications of Community 129
6 Supervision of Student Behavior: An Analytic Framework and Three Models 133
Applications of the Goals of Student Rules 134
Three Places to Stand: In Loco Avi, etc 139
7 Models of Good Discipline 143
The Moral Basis for Student Conduct Codes 145
Two Hard Cases: Hate Speech and Sex 151
Three Steps Toward Moral Community 156
A Visit to Nolocus College 159
Supplementary Materials 168
Appendix A: Legal Decisions Affecting Student Discipline 169
People v. Whenton College, 40 III. 186 (1866) 169
Healy v. James, 408 U.S. 169, 92 S.Ct. 2338 (1972) 171
Bradshaw v. Rawlings, 612 F.2d 135 (3rd Cir. 1979) 176
Beach v. University of Utah, 726 P.2d 413 (Utah 1986) 181
Mullins v. Pine Manor, 449 N.E. 2d 331 (Mass. 1983) 184
Dixon v. Alabama State Board of Education, 294 F.2d 150 (5th civ. 1961) 188
Goss v. Lopez, 419 U.S. 565, 95 S.Ct. 729 (1975) 190
UWM Post v. Board of Regents of U. of Wis., 774 F. Supp. 1163 (E.D. Wis. 1991) 193
Appendix B: Student Conduct Codes 197
Discipline Procedures (Calvin College) 197
Residential Life Disciplinary Procedures (University of California, Los Angeles) 200
Cheating, Plagiarism, and Documentation (Yale University) 204
Academic Regulations (Princeton University) 208
An Explanation of the Honor System (University of Virginia) 212
Alcoholic Beverages and Other Drugs (St. Olaf College) 217
Faculty Senate Policy Concerning Use of Alcoholic Beverages by Students (University of Delaware) 219
University Policy on Alcohol, Drugs and Smoking (Columbia University) 222
Policy on Illegal Drugs and Alcohol (Wesleyan University) 228
Visitation Policy (Southwestern College) 230
Visitation Policy (University of Richmond) 232
AIDS Policy (Mount Holyoke College) 234
Policy Statement on AIDS (Saint Anselm College) 236
Sexual Harassment (Carleton College) 239
Statement on Sexual Harassment (Columbia University) 243
Discrimination and Academic Freedom (Carleton College) 246
Appendix C: Survey Questionnaire and Respondents 249
Appendix D: Bibliography 261
Index 267
About the Author 273
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