Canada's First Nations: A History of Founding Peoples from Earliest Times / Edition 4

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Canada's First Nations uses an interdisciplinary approach--drawing on research in archaeology, anthropology, biology, sociology, political science, and history--to give an account of Canada's past. Olive Dickason's widely acclaimed history of Canada's founding peoples is augmented by David McNab's updates and in-depth examination of recent events, including the Ipperwash inquiry and global warming's effect on Innu of Canada's the north.

This text describes how Canada's Aboriginal peoples were radically altered by the arrival of Europeans. They fought as allies beside the French and English during the battles of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; they were hunted to the point of extermination in Newfoundland; and their numbers were decimated by European diseases. In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries Canada tried to legislate Aboriginal cultures out of existence, as the official assumption remained that assimilation would bring an end to any Indian "Problem."

From Nescambiouit and Potiac, to Pound Maker, Abe Okpik, and Elijah Harper, Amerindians and Inuit have responded to persistent colonial pressure in various ways, including attempts at co-operation, episodes of resistances, and politically sophisticated efforts to preserve their territory and culture. The revitalization of today's Aboriginal communities--dramatically expressed by the Mohawk at Oka in 1990 and by members of the six nations in Caledonia in 2005--reminds us that accurate perception of the past is essential to a just shaping of Canada's future.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195428926
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 5/1/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 576
  • Sales rank: 1,184,220
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Olive Patricia Dickason is Professor Emeritus at the University of Alberta. She is the author of several books, including The Myth of the Savage (1984, 1997) and, with L.C. Green, The Laws of Nations and the New World (1989). Dr Dickason was named a Member of the Order of Canada in 1996 and received the Aboriginal Life Achievement Award, Canadian Native Arts Foundation, in 1997. Throughout her distinguished career she has remained proud of her Métis heritage. David T. McNab is an Associate Professor of Native Studies at York University. He has written widely on the topics of Aboriginal history and literature, Aboriginal land and treaty rights, British imperial history, Canadian history, and Ontario history. Professor McNab also serves as an advisor on land and treaty rights and governance issues for a number of First Nations and other Aboriginal organizations in Ontario and Newfoundland.

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Table of Contents

List of Maps iv

Acknowledgements vi

Introduction viii

Part I At the Beginning 1

1 And the People Came 2

2 Settling In 17

3 Metropolises and Intercultural Contacts 29

4 Canada When Europeans Arrived 40

Part II The Outside World Intrudes 61

5 Inuit and Beothuk 62

6 On the Eastern Edge of the Mainland 73

7 People of the Sunrise 87

8 Hurons, Five Nations, and Europeans 96

9 Huronia's Loss Is the Bay's Gain 110

10 Some Amerindian-Colonial Wars 122

11 Amerindians in the French New World 134

Part III Spread Across the Continent 145

12 Amerindians in a Shifting World 146

13 On the Great Plains 160

14 Westward and Northward 169

Part IV Towards New Horizons 183

15 Turntable of 1812-14 184

16 Canadian Aboriginal World in the Early Nineteenth Century 193

17 Pre-Confederation Administration in the Canadas 215

18 The Many Fronts within Confederation 226

19 First Numbered Treaties, Police, and the Indian Act 241

Part V Into the Contemporary World 259

20 As the Old Way Fades, the New Looks Bleak 260

21 Time of Troubles, Time of Repression 273

22 Leading to an Administrative Shift 288

23 Canadian Courts and Aboriginal Rights 315

24 First Nations at Home and Abroad 336

25 Development Heads North 348

26 Social Fact and Developmental Theory 369

27 Rocky Road to Self-Government 387

28 Coercion, Standoffs, and Agreement, and a Royal Commission 410

29 We Are Sorry 427

Epilogue 458

Appendix National Historic Sites of Canada Commemorating Aboriginal History 463

Notes 468

Bibliography 545

Index 575

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