Cancer Disparities: Causes and Evidence-Based Solutions [NOOK Book]


"The volume sheds new light on reducing disparities by complementing currently
available monographs, through the provision of solutions that are not only
theoretically innovative but also empirically effective. Indeed, Cancer Disparities: Causes
and Evidence-Based Solutions
admirably achieves two key objectives that are crucial for
advances ...

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Cancer Disparities: Causes and Evidence-Based Solutions

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"The volume sheds new light on reducing disparities by complementing currently
available monographs, through the provision of solutions that are not only
theoretically innovative but also empirically effective. Indeed, Cancer Disparities: Causes
and Evidence-Based Solutions
admirably achieves two key objectives that are crucial for
advances in the field: (a) providing an up-to-date overview of cancer-related disparities and
(b) describing evidence-based interventional approaches to close the cancer-related
disparities gap. The implicit promise is that these approaches will enable public health practitioners,
cancer control workers, and community members to use or adapt them in their own
communities. This volume is essential to help make that promise a reality."--PsycCRITIQUES

Cancer is not randomly distributed in the United States. Its incidence varies by race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and other geographic and demographic factors. This volume, co-published with the American Cancer Society, is the first to examine the biological, racial, and socioeconomic factors that influence cancer incidence and survival. In addition, it presents 15 previously unpublished, evidence-based interventions to reduce and eliminate cancer disparities.

The book explains the nature, scope, and causes of cancer disparities across different populations and then presents unique programs proven to reduce such inequalities in the areas of cancer prevention, screening and early detection, treatment, and survivorship. They represent a variety of cancers, populations, and communities across the U.S. Descriptions of each intervention include tests of effectiveness and are written in sufficient detail for readers to replicate them within their own communities.

Key Features:

  • Offers an in-depth look at the latest research behind cancer disparities
  • Written by highly respected and published cancer researchers
  • Includes 15 never-before published, evidence-based interventions that readers can replicate
  • Discusses breast, colorectal, cervical, and other pernicious cancers
  • Includes interventions for African-American, Hispanic, Native American, and other populations
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780826108838
  • Publisher: Springer Publishing Company, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 10/25/2011
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • File size: 5 MB

Meet the Author

Ronit Elk, Ph.D. is Director of Cancer Control and Prevention Research and Director of the Priority Program in Health Disparities of the Extramural Research Grants at the American Cancer Society. Born in Israel, she grew up in Israel, Turkey, India, Uganda, Kenya and South Africa. She received her Ph.D. in Cape Town, South African and shortly thereafter immigrated with her family to the United States. Prior to joining the American Cancer Society, Dr. Elk was an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences at the UT Health Sciences Center in Houston. She was PI of 2 large NIH grants ($3M); and co-investigator or consultant on 12 additional NIH grants. She has served on several research panels of the NIH, and published over 40 scientific papers in peer reviewed journals. During her 10 year tenure with the American Cancer Society, she has spearheaded the Cancer Control and Prevention Research program and led the Targeted Program in Disparities Research, resulting in a dramatic increase in applications and funded grants in these programs. Dr. Elk is the author, with Dr. Monica Morrow, of Breast Cancer for Dummies . She is also the author of two children's books, A Surprise at Dancing Fields and It's The Elephant's Picnic.

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Table of Contents

Preface: American Cancer Society Strategies for Reducing Cancer Disparities.

Introduction: Cancer Disparities: The Scope of the Problem and Possible Solutions.


1. The Biology of Cancer and its Relationship to Disparities in Cancer Occurrence and Outcomes.

2. Racial/Ethnic and Socioeconomic Disparities in Cancer Incidence, Stage, Survival and Mortality in the U.S.

3. Disparities in Cancer Risk Factors and Cancer Screening in the U.S.

4. Disparities in Cancer Treatment: Untangling the Contributing Factors in Breast, Colorectal and Lung Cancer.

5. Racial, Ethnic and Socioeconomic Health Disparities among Cancer Survivors and Informal Caregivers.

6. The Geography of Cancer and Cancer Risk Factors: Implications of Neighbourhood Disparities for Cancer Disparities.


PART A: Eliminating Disparities in Cancer Risk Factors

7. Five-a-Day and Fit-for-Life Badge Programs for Cancer Prevention in Boy Scouts.

8. A Systematic Approach to Developing Contextually, Culturally and Gender-Sensitive Interventions for African American Men: The Example of Men 4 Health.

9. The North Carolina BEAUTY and Health Project: Preventing Cancer in African American Beauty Salons.

10. Promoting healthy eating by strengthening family relations: Design and implementation of The Entre Familia: Reflejos de Salud intervention.

PART B: Eliminating Disparities in Cancer Screening

11. Racial Disparities in Breast and Cervical Cancer: Can Legislative Action Work?

12. Messengers for Health: A community-based participatory research intervention in a Native American community

13. Tools for Improving Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates: Multimedia vs. Print in an Underserved Community.

14. Partnering with Safety-net Primary Care Clinics: A Model to Enhance Screening in Low Income Populations: Principles, Challenges and Key Lessons.

15. Esperanza Y Vida: Familias Saludables Empiezan Con Mujeres Saludables: Hope and Life: Health Families Begin with Healthy Women.

PART C: Eliminating Disparities in Cancer Treatment & Symptom Management

16. A Decision Support Intervention for Black Women Eligible for Adjuvant Systemic Therapy: Sisters Informing Sisters About Breast Cancer Treatment: An Intervention to Reduce Treatment Disparities.

17. Prostate Cancer Patient Education Project (PCPEP): Prostate Cancer Symptom Management in Low-Literacy Men.

18. Automated pain intervention for underserved African American and Latina Women with Breast Cancer.

PART D: Eliminating Disparities in Quality of Life among Cancer Survivors

19. Psycho-educational and Spiritual Interventions for low income Cancer patients: Results of Randomized and Patient Preference Trials on Adherence and Quality of Life Outcomes.

20. Psycho-educational intervention among Underserved Cervical Cancer Survivors.

21. Sexual Minority Women with a History of Breast Cancer: Moving Towards Interventions.


22. Paths for the Future: Using What We've Learned to Eliminate Cancer Disparities.
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