Candide

Candide

by Leonard Bernstein
     
 

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Candide, as a musical/opera, has a highly complex history, having gone through multiple alterations since it first premiered in 1956 with a book by Lillian Hellman. In the 1974 version, the book was rewritten by Hugh Wheeler (as adapted from Voltaire and at the insistence of director Hal Prince) with added humor, ultimately saving it

Overview

Candide, as a musical/opera, has a highly complex history, having gone through multiple alterations since it first premiered in 1956 with a book by Lillian Hellman. In the 1974 version, the book was rewritten by Hugh Wheeler (as adapted from Voltaire and at the insistence of director Hal Prince) with added humor, ultimately saving it from being a complete disaster by some accounts. In any case, the music is by Leonard Bernstein with lyrics by Richard Wilbur -- although additional lyrics are contributed by John Latouche, Dorothy Parker, Lillian Hellman, Bernstein, Stephen Sondheim, and John Wells. The 1956 version took itself too seriously, with Hellman attempting to make political statements with the admittedly sardonic Voltaire novelette. This recording is especially worthwhile in contrast to the far more publicized version written by Wheeler. For those who would prefer a more serious take on the musical, this recording is well done, and Bernstein's glorious score shines as usual.

Product Details

Release Date:
11/15/1991
Label:
Sony
UPC:
0074644801729
catalogNumber:
48017

Tracks

Album Credits

Performance Credits

Leonard Bernstein   Primary Artist
Barbara Cook   Vocals,Track Performer
Tyrone Guthrie   Staging
Robert Barry   Vocals
Dorothy White   Vocals,Choir, Chorus
Samuel Krachmalnick   Musical Direction
Thomas Pyle   Vocals
Conrad Bain   Vocals
Irra Petina   Vocals,Track Performer
Carmen Gutierrez   Dancer
Lois Monroe   Vocals,Choir, Chorus
Liane Plane   Dancer
George Blackwell   Vocals
Peggyann Alderman   Vocals,Choir, Chorus
Robert Rounseville   Vocals,Track Performer
Boris Aplon   Mandolin,Vocals
Alvin Beam   Dancer
Max Adrian   Vocals
Charles Aschmann   Vocals
Jack DeLon   Vocals,Choir, Chorus
William Chapman   Vocals
Norman Roland   Vocals
Robert Mesrobian   Vocals,Choir, Chorus
William Olvis   Vocals
Stanley Grover   Vocals,Choir, Chorus
Candide Pit Orchestra   Performing Ensemble
Robert Cosden   Vocals
Joseph Bernard   Vocals
Tony Drake   Vocals,Choir, Chorus
Dorothy Krebill   Vocals

Technical Credits

Leonard Bernstein   Composer,Orchestration
Dorothy Parker   Lyricist
Richard Wilbur   Lyricist
Didier C. Deutsch   Liner Notes
Larry Keyes   Remixing
John Latouche   Lyricist
Goddard Lieberson   Producer
John McClure   Remixing
Bill Olvis   Contributor
Hershy Kay   Orchestration,Adaptation
Oliver Smith   Production Design
Thomas Z. Shepard   Remixing
Kevin Boutote   Remixing
Genevieve Haines   translation
Anna Saxon-Forti   Liner Note Translation
Samuel Krachmalnick   Musical Director
Bob Rue   Contributor
Irene Sharaff   Costume Design
Boris Aplon   Contributor
Charles Aschmann   Contributor
Stanley Grover   Contributor
Robert Cosden   Contributor
Joseph Bernard   Contributor

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