Cane Ridge: America's Pentecostby Paul Keith Conkin
What happened at and around the Cane Ridge meeting house in central Kentucky in August 1801 has become a legendary event in American religious history. Never before in America had so many thousands of people gathered for what became much more than the planned Presbyterian communion service. Never had so many families camped on the grounds. Never before had so many people been affected with involuntary physical exercises--sobbing, shouting, shaking, and swooning. And never before in America had such a religious meeting led to so much national publicity, triggered so much controversy, or helped provoke such important denominational schisms.
Paul Conkin tells the story of Cane Ridge in all its dimensions. The backdrop involves the convoluted history of Scotch-Irish Presbyterianism in America, the pluralistic religious environment in early Kentucky, and the gradual evolution of a new form of evangelical religious culture in eighteenth-century America. The Cane Ridge sacramental service climaxed an intense summer of smaller but similar communions in central Kentucky, and followed equally explosive ones in southern Kentucky in 1800. Only these immediate precedents allow a full understanding of the six days of near ecstatic excitement at Cane Ridge.
The aftermath was complex. Cane Ridge helped popularize religious camps and influenced the subsequent development of planned camp meetings. It exposed deep and developing divisions of doctrine among the Presbyterian clergy, and contributed to the birth of two new denominations--Christians (Disciples) and Cumberland Presbyterians. Finally, it furthered the evolution of a new revival culture, keyed to a crisis-like conversion experience, even as it marked a gradual decline in sacramentalism.
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