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What makes up a capital city? In this first comprehensive look at the architectural and urban visions for a European capital, Hein examines how these visions compare to the reality of the three headquarter cities for the European Union: Strasbourg, Luxembourg, and Brussels. Tracing the history of the EU and its creation of the new political entity of the polycentric capital, Hein explores the impact that European unification has on visionary projects and the transformation of EU member cities. Widely researched, the book also brings in architectural projects that have remained largely unknown until now.
Using architectural and urban history as a lens, Hein examines the past five decades of European unification. Also analyzed for the first time are the debates, plans, projects, and constructions—both realized and failed—that accompanied this process. Looking to the future, Hein asserts that the task of these three capital cities is to balance the needs of a collective Europe with national, local, and—increasingly—regional demands.
|Ch. 1||Introduction : European identities and the capital city question||1|
|Ch. 2||Envisioning the center : world cities and international buildings as precursors to the European capital debate||17|
|Ch. 3||Urban visions and architectural symbols for a united Europe : 1945-1968||39|
|Ch. 4||Building the European communities from within : competitions for a capital in 1952 and 1958||67|
|Ch. 5||Strasbourg : parliamentary capital of Europe||95|
|Ch. 6||Luxembourg : judicial capital of Europe||113|
|Ch. 7||Brussels : executive capital of Europe||135|
|Ch. 8||Conclusion : rethinking capitals and Europe||161|
|App. I||Glossary of European organizations and institutions||173|
|App. II||Selected biographical notes||181|
|App. III||Time line : building for Europe since the later nineteenth century||193|
|App. IV||Abbreviations of major public archival references||215|