Capitalist Development and Democracy / Edition 1

Capitalist Development and Democracy / Edition 1

by Dietrich Rueschemeyer, Evelyne Huber Stephens, John D. Stephens, Evelyne Huber Stephens
     
 

ISBN-10: 0226731448

ISBN-13: 9780226731445

Pub. Date: 05/01/1993

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

It is a commonplace claim of Western political discourse that capitalist development and democracy go hand in hand. Cross-national statistical research on political democracy supports this claim. By contrast, comparative historical studies carried out within a political economy approach argue that economic development was and is compatible with multiple political

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Overview

It is a commonplace claim of Western political discourse that capitalist development and democracy go hand in hand. Cross-national statistical research on political democracy supports this claim. By contrast, comparative historical studies carried out within a political economy approach argue that economic development was and is compatible with multiple political forms.

The authors offer a fresh and persuasive resolution to the controversy arising out of these contrasting traditions. Focusing on advanced industrial countries, Latin America, and the Caribbean, they find that the rise and persistence of democracy cannot be explained either by an overall structural correspondence between capitalism and democracy or by the role of the bourgeoisie as the agent of democratic reform. Rather, capitalist development is associated with democracy because it transforms the class structure, enlarging the working and middle classes, facilitating their self-organization, and thus making it more difficult for elites to exclude them. Simultaneously, development weakens the landed upper class, democracy's most consistent opponent.

The relationship of capitalist development to democracy, however, is not mechanical. As the authors show, it depends on a complex interplay of three clusters of power: the balance of power among social classes, power relations between the state and society, and transnational structures of economic and political power. Looking to the future, the book concludes with some reflections on current prospects for the development of stable democracy in Latin America and Eastern Europe.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780226731445
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Publication date:
05/01/1993
Edition description:
1
Pages:
398
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.13(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
1. Introduction: The Problem of Capitalist Development and Democracy
2. Capitalist Development and Democracy: The Controversy
Comparative Historical and Cross-national Quantitative Research on Development and Democracy
Methodological Reflections
3. Capitalist Development and Democracy: A Theoretical Framework
Democracy and its Relation to Social Inequality
Class Structures, Classes, and Class Organizations
State Structures and Democracy
Democracy and the Transnational Structures of Power
Comparative Research on Democracy in a New Framework
4. Advanced Capitalist Countries
Introduction
The Transition to Democracy in Europe: The Democratic Cases
Transition and Breakdown: The Authoritarian Cases
Democratic Development in Britain's Settler Colonies
Conclusion and Discussion
5. Latin America
The Argument
Conditions for Initial Democratization
Regime Transformations after Initial Democratization
Regime Transformations and Transnational Structures of Power
Conclusion
6. Central America and The Caribbean
Introduction
Caribbean and Central American Cases Compared
Variations within the English-speaking Caribbean
Conclusion
7. Conclusions and Reflections
Theoretical Assessment
Reflections
Appendix: Classification of Regimes
Notes
References
Index

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