Captive Histories: English, French, and Native Narratives of the 1704 Deerfield Raid

Captive Histories: English, French, and Native Narratives of the 1704 Deerfield Raid

by Evan Haefeli, Kevin Sweeney
     
 

ISBN-10: 1558495436

ISBN-13: 9781558495432

Pub. Date: 06/23/2006

Publisher: University of Massachusetts Press

This volume draws together an unusually rich body of original sources that tell the story of the 1704 French and Indian attack on Deerfield, Massachusetts, from different vantage points. Texts range from one of the most famous early American captivity narratives, John Williams's The Redeemed Captive, to the records of French soldiers and clerics, to little-known

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Overview

This volume draws together an unusually rich body of original sources that tell the story of the 1704 French and Indian attack on Deerfield, Massachusetts, from different vantage points. Texts range from one of the most famous early American captivity narratives, John Williams's The Redeemed Captive, to the records of French soldiers and clerics, to little-known Abenaki and Mohawk stories of the raid that emerged out of their communities' oral traditions. Evan Haefeli and Kevin Sweeney provide a general introduction, extensive annotations, and headnotes to each text.

Although the oft-reprinted Redeemed Captive stands at the core of this collection, it is juxtaposed to less familiar accounts of captivity composed by other Deerfield residents: Quentin Stockwell, Daniel Belding, Joseph Petty, Joseph Kellogg, and the teenaged Stephen Williams. Presented in their original form, before clerical editors revised and embellished their content to highlight religious themes, these stories challenge long-standing assumptions about classic Puritan captivity narratives.

The inclusion of three Abenaki and Mohawk narratives of the Deerfield raid is equally noteworthy, offering a rare opportunity not only to compare captors' and captives' accounts of the same experiences, but to do so with reference to different Native oral traditions. Similarly, the memoirs of French military officers and an excerpt from the Jesuit Relations illuminate the motivations behind the attack and offer fresh insights into the complexities of French-Indian alliances.

Taken together, the stories collected in this volume, framed by the editors' introduction and the assessments of two Native scholars, Taiaiake Alfred and Marge Bruchac, allow readers to reconstruct the history of the Deerfield raid from multiple points of view and, in so doing, to explore the interplay of culture and memory that shapes our understanding of the past.

University of Massachusetts Press

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781558495432
Publisher:
University of Massachusetts Press
Publication date:
06/23/2006
Series:
Native Americans of the Northeast Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
320
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.90(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

The setting
Quentin Stockwell, Quentin Stockwell's relation of his 1677 captivity and redemption, 168435
Committee of militia at Northampton, the capture and death of Chepasson, 169049
Stephen Williams, Daniel Belding's 1696 captivity, c. 172954
The raid
Samuel Partridge, an account of the destruction of Deerfield, 170463
Letter from William Whiting to Governor Fitz-John Winthrop, 170467
Letter from Isaac Addington to Governor Fitz-John Winthrop, 170470
Samuel Partridge, Partridge's lament, 170472
Letter from Philippe de Rigaud de Vaudreuil to the Minister of the Marine, 170479
Letter from Claude de Ramezay to the Minister of the Marine, 170483
English narratives
John Williams, the redeemed captive returning to Zion, 170789
Stephen Williams, what befell Stephen Williams in his captivity, c. 1707159
Letter from John Williams to Stephen Williams, 1729171
Joseph Petty, Joseph Petty's 1705 escape, c. 1729175
Joseph Kellogg, when I was carried to Canada, c. 1740181
French narratives
Louis d'Avaugour, a letter concerning the mission of Lorette in New France, 1710191
Hertel Memoire, c. 1712205
Mohawk narratives
Mrs. E. A. Smith, the story of the bell, 1882213
Charles B. de Saileville, the fair captive : the life and captivity of Miss Eunice Williams, 1842221
Taiaiake Alfred, a different view : a descendant recounts the 1704 attack, 1995244
Abenaki narratives
Elizabeth M. Sadoques, the history and traditions of Eunice Williams and her descendants, 1922255
Marge Bruchac, Abenaki connections to 1704 : the Sadoques family and Deerfield, 2004262
App. AIdentities of native peoples279
App. BList of the 1704 Deerfield captives280
App. CFates of the 1704 Deerfield captives283
App. DFates of New England captives taken between 1703 and 1712284

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