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Indigenous and colonial traditions of capture, servitude, and kinship met and meshed in the borderlands, forming a "slave system" in which victims symbolized social wealth, performed services for their ...
Indigenous and colonial traditions of capture, servitude, and kinship met and meshed in the borderlands, forming a "slave system" in which victims symbolized social wealth, performed services for their masters, and produced material goods under the threat of violence. Slave and livestock raiding and trading among Apaches, Comanches, Kiowas, Navajos, Utes, and Spaniards provided labor resources, redistributed wealth, and fostered kin connections that integrated disparate and antagonistic groups even as these practices renewed cycles of violence and warfare.
Always attentive to the corrosive effects of the "slave trade" on Indian and colonial societies, the book also explores slavery's centrality in intercultural trade, alliances, and "communities of interest" among groups often antagonistic to Spanish, Mexican, and American modernizing strategies. The extension of the moral and military campaigns of the American Civil War to the Southwest in a regional "war against slavery" brought differing forms of social stability but cost local communities much of their economic vitality and cultural flexibility.
"Brooks tells this history with clarity and judiciousness."
— Journal of American History
"This is a stunning book, likely to be controversial in its particulars."
— Richard White, Stanford University
"Bold and brilliant. [This] vivid narrative tells us why people simultaneously preyed on one another and absorbed one another in this violent land."
— David J. Weber, Southern Methodist University
"Makes it impossible for historians to ignore colonial relationships in the Southwest that began contemporaneously with Jamestown and Plymouth and developed throughout the colonial period." Karen Ordahl Kupperman, New York University
|List of Maps, Illustrations, and Tables|
|1||Violence, Exchange, and the Honor of Men||1|
|2||Los Llaneros: Creating a Plains Borderland||45|
|3||Los Pastores: Creating a Pastoral Borderland||80|
|4||Los Montaneses: Traversing Borderlands||117|
|5||Elaborating the Plains Borderlands||160|
|6||Commerce, Kinship, and Coercion||208|
|7||Peaks and Valleys: The Borderlands Speak||258|
|8||Closer and Closer Apart||304|
|Epilogue: Refugio Gurriola Martinez||361|
|Glossary of Spanish and Native American Terms||373|
|App. A||Navajo Livestock and Captive Raids, 1780-1864||377|
|App. B||New Mexican Livestock and Captive Raids, 1780-1864||382|
|App. C||New Mexican Peonage and Slavery Hearings, 1868||385|