Captors and Captives: The 1704 French and Indian Raid on Deerfield

Captors and Captives: The 1704 French and Indian Raid on Deerfield

by Evan Haefeli, Kevin Sweeney
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1558495037

ISBN-13: 9781558495036

Pub. Date: 08/24/2005

Publisher: University of Massachusetts Press

On February 29, 1704, a party of French and Indian raiders descended on the Massachusetts village of Deerfield, killing fifty residents and capturing more than a hundred others. In this masterful work of history, Evan Haefeli and Kevin Sweeney reexamine the Deerfield attack and place it within a framework stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes.

Overview

On February 29, 1704, a party of French and Indian raiders descended on the Massachusetts village of Deerfield, killing fifty residents and capturing more than a hundred others. In this masterful work of history, Evan Haefeli and Kevin Sweeney reexamine the Deerfield attack and place it within a framework stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes. Drawing on previously untapped sources, they show how the assault grew out of the aspirations of New England family farmers, the ambitions of Canadian colonists, the calculations of French officials, the fears of Abenaki warriors, and the grief of Mohawk women as they all struggled to survive the ongoing confrontation of empires and cultures.

Haefeli and Sweeney reconstruct events from multiple points of view, through the stories of a variety of individuals involved. These stories begin in the Native, French, and English communities of the colonial Northeast, then converge in the February 29 raid, as a force of more than two hundred Frenchmen, Abenakis, Hurons, Kahnawake Mohawks, Pennacooks, and Iroquois of the Mountain overran the northwesternmost village of the New England frontier. Although the inhabitants put up more of a fight than earlier accounts of the so-called Deerfield Massacre have suggested, the attackers took 112 men, women, and children captive. The book follows the raiders and their prisoners on the harsh three-hundred-mile trek back to Canada and into French and Native communities. Along the way the authors examine how captives and captors negotiated cultural boundaries and responded to the claims of competing faiths and empires -- all against a backdrop of continuing warfare.

By giving equal weight to all participants, Haefeli and Sweeney range across the fields of social, political, literary, religious, and military history, and reveal connections between cultures and histories usually seen as separate.

University of Massachusetts Press

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781558495036
Publisher:
University of Massachusetts Press
Publication date:
08/24/2005
Series:
Native Americans of the Northeast Series
Pages:
400
Sales rank:
797,980
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x 1.01(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Illustrationsix
Mapsxi
Acknowledgmentsxiii
Introduction: War and Captivity1
Part ICreating Communities
1Frontier Town11
2New France34
3Natives and Missions55
4Between Empires78
Part IIThe Raid
5Warnings95
6Assault112
7Retreat125
Part IIINegotiating Empires
8Adopting Captives145
9Diplomacy and Scandal164
10Imperial and Parallel Wars185
Part IVPreserving Communities
11Native Villages211
12Nobles and Habitants232
13New England Imperialism250
Afterword: Remembering February 29, 1704272
Appendixes
AIdentities of Native Peoples279
BStatus of Deerfield Residents280
CIdentities of French Raiders282
DList of the 1704 Deerfield Captives283
EFrench and Indian Raids on New England, 1703-1712286
FFates of the 1704 Deerfield Captives290
GFates of New England Captives Taken between 1703 and 1712291
Abbreviations293
Notes295
Bibliography343
Index361

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