Carbohydrate Biotechnology Protocols / Edition 1by Christopher Bucke
Pub. Date: 11/19/2010
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York, LLC
We are in a phase of the evolution of biotechnology in which the true and potential commercial importance of carbohydrates is becoming appre- ated more fully. Progress in providing hard facts to establish the commercial value ofpolysaccharides and oligosaccharides is limited, as always, by lack of funding and by a relative shortage of skilled practitioners in the production and analysis of those materials. Carbohydrate science has a reputation, not unmerited, for technical difficulty owing to the structural similarity of the many monosaccharide monomers and the potential, and real, complexity of oligosaccharides and polysaccharides, particularly heterosaccharides conta- ing many different monomers. Modem analytical and synthetic methods, in many cases using enzyme technology, are beginning to allow this complexity to be unraveled. Carbohydrate Biotechnology Protocols is aimed at those newcomers who have an interest in the production and use of carbohydrate materials, but have shied away from involvement for lack of detailed descriptions of appropriate methods, including the type of practical hints that may be provided by those skilled in those methods, but that are rarely described in research papers. The majority of the contributions to this book conform to the established format of the Methods in Biotechnology series. They begin with the theoretical and c- mercial background to the method or group of methods, provide a list of the reagents and equipment required for the procedure, then give a detailed st- by-step description of how to carry out the protocol.
Table of ContentsIntroduction to Carbohydrate Biotechnology, Christopher Bucke. Production and Isolation of Xanthan Gum, Félix García-Ochoa, Victoria E. Santos, and José A. Casas. Alginate from Azotobacter vinelandii, Francesca Clementi, Mauro Moresi, and Eugenio Parente. Production of Schizophyllan, Udo Rau. Enzymatic Synthesis of Cellulose, Shiro Kobayashi, Shin-ichiro Shoda, Michael J. Donnelly, and Stephen P. Church. Modification of Alginate Using Mannuronan C-5-Epimerases, Helga Ertesvåg and Gudmund Skjåk-Bræk. Viscosity Control of Guar Polysaccharide Solutions by Treatment with Galactose Oxidase and Catalase Enzymes, Michael J. Donnelly. The Production of Cyclodextrins Using CGTase from Bacillus macerans, Jacob A. Rendleman, Jr. Production of Microbial Glycolipids, Siegmund Lang. Partial Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Starch to Maltodextrins on the Laboratory Scale, Leon M. Marchal. The Production of a(1Æ2)-Terminated Glucooligosaccharides, Marguerite Dols, Vincent Monchois, Magali Remaud-Siméon, René-Marc Willemot, and Pierre F. Monsan. Enzymatic Production of Fructooligosaccharides from Sucrose, Jong Won Yun and Seung Koo Song. Enzymatic Production of Inulooligosaccharides from Inulin, Jon Won Yun and Dong Hyun Kim. One-Pot Enzymatic Synthesis of Sialyl T-Epitope, Vladimír Kren. Hydrolysis of Hemicelluloses Using Combinations of Xylanases and Feruloyl Esterases, Craig B. Faulds, Paul A. Kroon, Begoña Bartolomé, and Gary Williamson. Enzymatic Depolymerization of Chitins and Chitosans, Riccardo A. A. Muzzarelli, Vesna Stanic, and Viviana Ramos. Synthesis of Homo- and Hetero-Oligosaccharides from Underivatized Sugars Using Glycosidases, Christopher Bucke, John Packwood, Sony Suwasono, and Robert A. Rastall. Use of Fluorophore-Assisted Carbohydrate Electrophoresis (FACE®) in the Elucidation of N-Linked Oligosaccharide Structures, Harish P. M. Kumar, Patricia A. Denny, and Paul C. Denny. Application of Sucrose Synthase in the Synthesis of Nucleotide Sugars and Saccharides,Astrid Zervosen and Lothar Elling. Production of Isomaltulose Using Immobilized Bacterial Cells, Peter S. J. Cheetham and Christopher Bucke. The Production of Mannitol by Fermentation, Wim Soetaert, Petra T. Vanhooren, and Erick J. Vandamme. The Production of 3-Keto-Derivatives of Disaccharides, Eberhard Stoppok and Klaus Buchholz. Enzymatic Synthesis of a-Butylglucoside in a Biphasic Butanol-Water System Using the a-Transglucosidase from Aspergillus niger, Marie-Pierre Bousquet, René-Marc Willemot, Pierre F. Monsan, François Paul, and Emmanuel Boures. Enzymatic Glycosylation of Aglycones of Pharmacological Significance, Yukio Suzuki and Kei Uchida. Enzymatic Synthesis of Glycosides in Aqueous-Organic Two-Phase Systems and Supersaturated Substrate Solutions, Jeffrey A. Khan, Anna Millqvist-Fureby, and Evgeny N. Vulfson. Use of b-Glucosidase in the Development of Flavor in Wines and Fruit Juices, Yannick Gueguen, Patrick Chemardin, Guilhem Janbon, Alain Arnaud, and Pierre Galzy. Index.
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