Carbon Dioxide Equilibria and Their Applications / Edition 1

Paperback (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from BN.com
$228.95
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $70.74
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 70%)
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (9) from $70.74   
  • New (6) from $70.74   
  • Used (3) from $273.89   

Overview

Carbon dioxide, bicarbonate ion, and carbonate ion comprise the most important acid-base system in natural waters, and the equilibria between them regulate the pH of seawater, as well as most rainwater, stream water, river water, and groundwater. Carbon Dioxide Equilibria and Their Applications provides a clear, compact presentation of this topic, which is central to geochemistry and environmental engineering. It emphasizes a rigorous mathematical and thermodynamic basis for calculations and their application to realistic problems.

The book's first four chapters present the basic equations, mathematical techniques for visualizing and manipulating them, and data on equilibrium constants and activity coefficients. These are presented in the general context of acid-base titration and solubility of CaCO3. The remaining chapters show how these concepts and techniques are applied to geochemistry and oceanography, in addition to their applications to water conditioning. Specific topics discussed include acid rain, freshwater, seawater, carbonate sediments in the deep oceans, the effects of increased atmospheric CO2 on the oceans, estuarine waters, brines, hydrothermal solutions, pH adjustment, prediction of calcium carbonate saturation, corrosion inhibition, and water softening.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780873716246
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 10/7/1991
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 272
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.57 (d)

Table of Contents

REVIEW OF SOLUBILITY AND PH CALCULATIONS. Converting Chemical Models to Mathematical Problems. Logarithmic and Exponential Functions. A Note on Calculators. Strong Acids and Bases. Weak Acids. Titration with Strong Base. Weak Bases. Polyprotic Acids. Buffers. Solubility Product. THE BASIC EQUATIONS. Henry's Law. Hydration. Ionization. pH Dependence, Constant Partial Pressure. The Charge Balance in the Presence of Base. Alkalinity. Acidity. Solution without Gas Phase. Charge Balance and Proton Condition. Relation between Alkalinity, pH, and CT. Acidity with Constant CT. A Note on Concentration Units. Ionic-Strength Effects. The Davies Equation. Effect of Ionic Strength on KH. Effect on Ionic Strength on First Acidity Constant Ka1. Effect of Ionic Strength on Second Acidity Constant Ka2. Effect of Ionic Strength on Ion Product of Water. Effect of Ionic Strength on Solubility Product of CaCO3. THE ALKALINITY TITRATION CURVE. The Titration Curve Equation. Titration Error. Effect of Ionic Strength. Total Alkalinity and Carbonate Alkalinity. Linearized (Gran) Titration Curves. Linearizing the Acid Portion of the Alkalinity Titration. Linearizing the HCO3 Region. Other Linearized Portions of the Alkalinity Titration Curve. The CO3 Equivalence Point. Alkalinity Titration in Seawater. The Buffer Index. Buffer Index at Constant CT. Buffer Index at Constant P. SOLUBILITY EQUILIBRIA: CALCIUM CARBONATE. Calcium Carbonate, Carbon Dioxide, and Water. Dolomite. Addition of Strong Base or Strong Acid at Constant P. Limited Amount of CaCO3 in the Presence of Strong Acid. Solution without Gas Phase. Addition of Strong Acid or Base in the Presence of CaCO3 without Gas Phase. Limited Amount of CaCO3 at Constant CT. Buffer Index at Constant P with CaCO3 Present. Buffer Index at Constant CT With CaCO3 Present. Buffer Index with Constant D. APPLICATIONS TO GEOCHEMISTRY AND OCEANOGRAPHY. Rainwater. Acid Rain. River Water. Unsaturated CaCO3 as a Model for River and Groundwater. Saturated CO2, CaCO3, and H2O as a Model for River and Groundwater. Other Components of River Water. Seawater. Seawater as a Constant Ionic Strength Medium. Ion Pairing in Seawater. Total Alkalinity and Carbonate Alkalinity in Seawater. Field Observations of Seawater. The Lysocline. Effect of Increased Atmospheric CO2 on the Oceans. Fresh Waters and Estuarine Waters. Brines. Hydrothermal Solutions. ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS: WATER CONDITIONING. Estimation of Ionic Strength. pH Adjustment by Addition of Acid or Base. Addition or Removal of CO2. Addition of Lime. Addition of Limestone. The Langelier Index of CaCO3 Saturation. Corrosion Inhibition. The Lime-Soda Water Softening Process. Stoichiometric Calculations. Formulation as an Equilibrium Problem. Recarbonation. Chemical Coagulation and Flocculation. Removal of CO2 from Process Gas. APPENDIXES. SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT RESULTS. The Basic Equations. The Alkalinity Titration Curve. Solubility Equilibria: Calcium Carbonate. Applications to Geochemistry and Oceanography. Engineering Applications: Water Conditioning. USEFUL DATA TABLES. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY. INDEX.

FEATURE:

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)