Carbonate Stone: Chemical Behavior, Durability, and Conservation / Edition 1by K. Lal Gauri, Jayanta K. Bandyopadhyay, Gauri
The chemical decay of carbonate rock is a phenomenon of the twentieth century-the result of industrial pollutants reacting with both exposed and protected stone in monuments, buildings, and sites. This timely and authoritative work explains in depth the combined effects of weathering and pollution on carbonate stone, providing readers with effective tools to… See more details below
The chemical decay of carbonate rock is a phenomenon of the twentieth century-the result of industrial pollutants reacting with both exposed and protected stone in monuments, buildings, and sites. This timely and authoritative work explains in depth the combined effects of weathering and pollution on carbonate stone, providing readers with effective tools to analyze structures and take the appropriate preservation steps. K. Lal Gauri, a major contributor to the emerging discipline of conservation technology, presents along with Jayanta K. Bandyopadhyay a broad overview of the field, combining knowledge gained through three decades of research as well as intimate involvement with the subject of the restoration of the Erechtheum, the Sphinx, and the Taj Mahal. Beginning with basic topics, the authors review rock properties that influence the weathering of stone, then move on to examine chemical and physical mechanisms occurring in polluted and natural environments, as well as biodeterioration. Lessons learned from the Great Sphinx are used to illustrate durability factors, rock age, and conservation methodologies, while treatments designed for both the Great Sphinx and the California Building are also clearly outlined. Finally, the book offers a unique, quantitative treatment on all aspects of weathering and conservation. The authors discuss mathematical modeling for predicting weathering under different conditions, showing how to evaluate chemical reaction rates and durability factors without subjecting rocks to actual engineering tests. Various modern-day modeling techniques are also discussed, including neural networks for correlating the large volumes of data generated by the chemical and physical measurements presented earlier in the book. Supplemented with 350 illustrations as well as a Web component to help in problem-solving when fundamental data is available, Carbonate Stone: Chemical Behavior, Durability, and Conservation is an indispensable guide for scientists, engineers, and professionals in the conservation field. Architects and engineers involved in the development of new structures and sites will also benefit from the quantitative approach to the information on carbonate rocks.
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Table of Contents
Origin, Occurrence, Properties, and Classification of Carbonate Rocks.
Noncarbonate Minerals in Carbonate Rocks.
Structural Deformation of Carbonate Rocks.
Weathering of Carbonate Rocks in Natural Environments.
Chemical Weathering by Dry Deposition in Polluted Environments.
Kinetics and Modeling Decay Rates of Carbonate Rocks in Polluted Environments.
Methods of Characterization of Limestone and Dolostone by Mercury Porosimetry.
Durability of the Sphinx Limestone.
Conservation of Carbonate Structures.
Geoarchaeology and the Age of the Sphinx.
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