Caring on the Clock: The Complexities and Contradictions of Paid Care Work

Overview

A nurse inserts an I.V. A personal care attendant helps a quadriplegic bathe and get dressed. A nanny reads a bedtime story to soothe a child to sleep. Every day, workers like these provide critical support to some of the most vulnerable members of our society. Caring on the Clock provides a wealth of insight into these workers, who take care of our most fundamental needs, often at risk to their own economic and physical well-being. 

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Overview

A nurse inserts an I.V. A personal care attendant helps a quadriplegic bathe and get dressed. A nanny reads a bedtime story to soothe a child to sleep. Every day, workers like these provide critical support to some of the most vulnerable members of our society. Caring on the Clock provides a wealth of insight into these workers, who take care of our most fundamental needs, often at risk to their own economic and physical well-being. 

Caring on the Clock is the first book to bring together cutting-edge research on a wide range of paid care occupations, and to place the various fields within a comprehensive and comparative framework across occupational boundaries. The book includes twenty-two original essays by leading researchers across a range of disciplines—including sociology, psychology, social work, and public health. They examine the history of the paid care sector in America, reveal why paid-care work can be both personally fulfilling but also make workers vulnerable to burnout, emotional fatigue, physical injuries, and wage exploitation. Finally, the editors outline many innovative ideas for reform, including top-down and grassroots efforts to improve recognition, remuneration, and mobility for care workers. 

As America faces a series of challenges to providing care for its citizens, including the many aging baby boomers, this volume offers a wealth of information and insight for policymakers, scholars, advocates, and the general public.

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Editorial Reviews

Denison University - Mary Tuominen

"A significant contribution to the field of care work, Caring on the Clock addresses important questions about how we conceptualize, theorize, and value care, as well as how public policy both rewards and devalues care work."
City University of New York Graduate Center - Ruth Milkman

"This superb volume showcases the rich interdisciplinary literature on commodified carework. With sophistication and flair, contributors analyze the stark exploitation of paid careworkers, the nuances of client-carer interactions, and labor struggle to improve pay and conditions in this skyrocketing field."
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813563114
  • Publisher: Rutgers University Press
  • Publication date: 1/22/2015
  • Series: Families in Focus Series
  • Pages: 336

Meet the Author

MIGNON DUFFY is an associate professor of sociology and the associate director of the Center for Women and Work at the University of Massachusetts Lowell and the author of Making Care Count: A Century of Gender, Race, and Paid Care Work (Rutgers University Press). 

 
AMY ARMENIA is an associate professor of sociology at Rollins College, and has published research in Work and Occupations, the Journal of Family Issues, and Social Science Research.
 
CLARE L. STACEY is associate professor of sociology at Kent State University and author of The Caring Self: The Work Experiences of Home Care Aides.

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Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables

Foreword by Margaret K. Nelson

Acknowledgments

Part I      Paid Care Work

Chapter 1. On the Clock, Off the Radar: Paid Care Work in the United States

Mignon Duffy, Amy Armenia, and Clare L. Stacey

Chapter 2. Beyond Outsourcing: Paid Care Work in Historical Perspective

Mignon Duffy

Part II     Contexts of Care

Chapter 3. The Best of Both Worlds? How Direct Care Workers Perceive Home Health Agencies and Long-Term-Care Institutions

Kim Price-Glynn and Carter Rakovski

Chapter 4. The Business of Caring: Women’s Self-Employment and the Marketization of Care

Nickela Anderson and Karen D. Hughes

Chapter 5. Are Frontline Healthcare Jobs “Good” Jobs? Examining Job Quality across Occupations and Healthcare Settings

Janette S. Dill

Chapter 6. Orienting End-of-Life Care: The Hidden Value of Hospice Home Visits

Cindy Cain

Part III    Hazards of Care

Chapter 7. The Health Hazards of Health Care: Physical and Psychosocial Stressors in Paid Care Work

Alicia Kurowski, Jon Boyer, and Laura Punnett

Chapter 8. When the Home Is a Workplace: Promoting Health and Safety for a Vulnerable Workforce

Pia Markkanen, Margaret Quinn, and Susan Sama

Chapter 9. Part of the Job? Workplace Violence and Social Services

Jennifer Zetocaulnick

Chapter 10. Double Isolation: Immigrants and Older Adult Care Work in Canada

Ivy Bourgeault

Part IV    Identities and Meaning Making

Chapter 11. The Caring Professional? Nurse Practitioners, Social Work, and the Performance of Expertise

LaTonya J. Trotter

Chapter 12. Building a Professional Identity: Boundary Work and Meaning Making among West African Immigrant Nurses

Fumilayo Showers

Chapter 13. Ethnic Logics: Race and Ethnicity in Nanny Employment

Cameron Lynne Macdonald

Chapter 14. Caring or Catering? Emotions, Autonomy, and Subordination in Lifestyle Work

Rachel Sherman

Part V: Work and Family

Chapter 15. Low-Wage Care Workers: Extended Family as a Strategy for Survival

Naomi Gerstel and Dan Clawson

Chapter 16. “It’s Like a Family”: Caring Labor, Exploitation, and Race in Nursing Homes

Lisa Dodson and Rebekah M. Zincavage

Chapter 17. Caught between Love and Money: The Experiences of Paid Family Caregivers

Clare L. Stacey and Lindsey L. Ayers

Chapter 18. Paying Family Caregivers: Parental Leave and Gender Equality in Sweden

Mary K. Zimmerman

Part VI: Paths to Change

Chapter 19. For Children and Self: Understanding Collective Action among Early Childhood Educators

Clare Hammonds

Chapter 20. Creating Expertise and Autonomy: Family Day Care Providers’ Attitudes toward Professionalization

Amy Armenia

Chapter 21. Building a Movement of Caring Selves: Organizing Direct Care Workers

Deborah L. Little

Chapter 22. Healthy Diversity: Promoting a Diverse Healthcare Workforce Through Innovative Partnerships

Michelle C. Haynes, Meg A. Bond, Robin A. Toof, Teresa Shroll, and Michelle D. Holmberg

Chapter 23. Building Meaningful Career Lattices: Direct Care Workers in Long-Term Care

Jennifer Craft Morgan and Brandy Farrar

Epilogue: Making Care Work

Mignon Duffy, Clare Stacey, and Amy Armenia

References

Notes on Contributors

Index

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