The Carolina Curriculum for Infants and Toddlers with Special Needs / Edition 3

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The Carolina Curriculum for Infants and Toddlers with Special Needs, Third Edition is one of the two volumes of the The Carolina Curriculum, an assessment and intervention program designed for use with young children from birth to five years who have mild to severe disabilities. Developed for use with children from birth to 36 months, the CCITSN is an easy-to-use, criterion-referenced system that clearly links assessment with intervention and lets professionals work closely with the child's teachers, family members, and other service providers. Already trusted by thousands of early childhood professionals from coast to coast, this proven system is even easier to use with the revisions and updates in this third edition.

View our recorded webinar: The Carolina Curriculum: An Integrated System for Assessment and Intervention presented by Susan Attermeier.

Using The Carolina Curriculum is simple. In each of the age-specific volumes—now reorganized to establish a seamless transition between the two—all the areas to be assessed are clearly laid out in logical sequences in an Assessment Log. A professional observes the child playing with familiar toys and other available materials in a naturalistic environment, and caregivers may or may not participate. After all appropriate activities in each sequence have been observed or attempted, professionals and caregivers examine the strengths and weaknesses revealed during assessment, pinpoint items that need the most work, and select from the teaching activities that correspond to the items in each sequence of the Assessment Log.

CCITSN includes 24 logical teaching sequences covering five developmental domains: personal-social, cognition, communication, fine motor, and gross motor. Curricular sequences each consist of an introduction that explains why that sequence is important; suggested adaptations for children with visual, motor, and hearing impairments; and a list of behaviors associated with that sequence. For each behavior, users get a criterion that pinpoints the objective, a list of suggested materials for eliciting that behavior, procedures that help, and functional activities for encouraging that behavior within the child's daily routine. Appendices cover play and children with motor impairments, using object boards for teaching children with motor impairments, and more.

This book is part of The Carolina Curriculum, a bestselling assessment and intervention program designed for children birth to five with mild to severe disabilities. With this easy-to-use, criterion-referenced system, professionals who work with infants, toddlers, and preschoolers will closely link assessment with intervention and work effectively with the child's teachers, family members, and other service providers.

Learn more about The Carolina Curriculum.

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Editorial Reviews

Lee Rouse

"I find [Carolina Curriculum] very helpful when I want a more in-depth curriculum-oriented assessment than standardized testing can provide. I also sometimes go directly to the intervention activities when I need ideas for IFSP Outcome activities."
Early Intervention Service Coordinator, CDSA of the Blue Ridge, NC - Michelle Isaacs
"Very helpful to me as an early intervention service coordinator. I have used the training I received and the manual to assist families in developing and completing IFSP outcomes for families, and used this as a monitoring piece for parents to see how their child is making progress."
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781557666536
  • Publisher: Brookes Publishing
  • Publication date: 6/1/2004
  • Format: Spiral Bound
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 400
  • Product dimensions: 7.90 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Susan M. Attermeier, Ph.D., PT, is a pediatric physical therapist in private practice in Hillsborough, North Carolina. She was previously Assistant Professor in the Division of Physical Therapy at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Bonnie J. Hacker, M.H.S., OTR/L, is an occupational therapist with more than 25 years of experience working with children. She holds certifications in Neurodervelopmental Therapy, Southern California Sensory Integration Tests, and Sensory Integration and Parxis Tests. She is currently the director of Emerge—A Child's Place, a pediatric clinic in Durham and Chapel Hill, North Carolina, that provides children with occupational and speech therapy services.

Nancy M. Johnson-Martin, Ph.D., has been a consultant for assessment and early intervention following her retirement fromm the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill where she held positions in the Division for Disorders of Development and Learning and in the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center (now called the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute).

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Read an Excerpt

Excerpted from the Introduction of The Carolina Curriculum for Infants and Toddlers with Special Needs (CCITSN), Third Edition
By Nancy M. Johnson-Martin, Ph.D., Susan M. Attermeier, Ph.D., P.T., & Bonnie Hacker, M.H.S., O.T.R./L
© 2004. Brookes Publishing. All Rights Reserved.

There have been many changes in the field of early intervention since the first edition of The Carolina Curriculum for Handicapped Infants and Infants at Risk (Johnson-Martin, Jens, & Attermeier) was published in 1986. Following the enactment of the Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments of 1986 (PL 99-457), there was a dramatic expansion of early intervention services in the United States of America. We have progressed from having widely scattered services focused exclusively on the child to having programs in every state that focus on the child as part of a family unit and from having only a few therapists trained to work with young children with special needs to having a variety of personnel specifically educated and trained to work with this population and their families. There are now special educators, speech therapists, occupational therapists, physical therapists, psychologists, nurses, social workers, and nutritionists who are specialists in early intervention. Moreover, these professionals have learned to work together, not only sharing information and expertise but also allowing the boundaries between their roles to blur as appropriate. There has been a shift from professionals providing services primarily in center-based programs to providing services in homes, child care centers, and preschools. Professionals now form partnerships with parents, child care providers, and teachers to develop and implement intervention activities within the daily routines of the children they serve.

At the time the first Carolina Curriculum was developed, the field urgently needed materials for children functioning in the birth to 24-month range and for children with significant disabilities who could not be expected to develop evenly across all developmental domains. Thus, that curriculum focused on the birth to 24-month developmental period and tried to accommodate uneven developmental patterns by dividing the skills included in the five basic domains of development (personal-social, cognition, communication, fine motor, and gross motor) into 24 sequences of skills, arranged in an order that promoted building a new skill on the foundation of previously learned skills.

The acceptance of The Carolina Curriculum for Handicapped Infants and Infants at Risk encouraged the authors to develop a companion volume, The Carolina Curriculum for Preschoolers With Special Needs (CCPSN; Johnson-Martin, Attermeier, & Hacker, 1990), directed toward children in the 24- to 60-month developmental range. An attempt to integrate the infant and preschool curricula was made when the infant curriculum was revised in 1991 (The Carolina Curriculum for Infants and Toddlers with Special Needs, Second Edition [CCITSN]; Johnson-Martin, Jens, Attermeier, & Hacker). However, interventionists found it difficult to use either curriculum efficiently with children whose skills were scattered between the two volumes.

This revision of the CCITSN and its companion volume, the second edition of the CCPSN, are designed to provide a guide for working with children who have special needs from birth to 60 months. The infant and toddler curriculum now includes items that cover developmental skills from birth to 36 months, whereas the preschool curriculum includes items to cover developmental skills from 24 to 60 months. The sequence and the item names are identical in both volumes for the 24- to 36-month range so that interventionists can move smoothly from one curriculum to the other.


This edition, like previous editions of the CCITSN, links assessment to interventio

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Table of Contents

About the Authors
  1. Introduction
  2. Guiding Learning: Principles and Suggestions
  3. Environmental Factors Influencing Learning, Development, and Emergent Literacy
  4. Using The Carolina Curriculum
Assessment Log
Developmental Progress Chart

Curriculum Sequences
Sequence 1 Self-Regulation & Responsibility
Sequence 2 Interpersonal Skills
Sequence 3 Self-Concept
Sequence 4-I Self-Help: Eating
Sequence 4-II Self-Help: Dressing
Sequence 4-III Self-Help: Grooming
Sequence 4-IV Self-Help: Toileting

Sequence 5 Attention & Memory: Visual/Spatial
Sequence 6-I Visual Perception: Blocks & Puzzles
Sequence 6-II Visual Perception: Matching & Sorting
Sequence 7 Functional Use of Objects & Symbolic Play
Sequence 8 Problem Solving/Reasoning
Sequence 9 Number Concepts

Sequence 10 Concepts/Vocabulary: Receptive
Sequence 11 Concepts/Vocabulary: Expressive
Sequence 12 Attention & Memory: Auditory

Sequence 13 Verbal Comprehension
Sequence 14 Conversation Skills
Sequence 15 Grammatical Structure
Sequence 16 Imitation: Vocal

Fine Motor
Sequence 17 Imitation: Motor
Sequence 18 Grasp & Manipulation
Sequence 19 Bilateral Skills
Sequence 20 Tool Use
Sequence 21 Visual-Motor Skills

Gross Motor
Sequence 22-I Upright: Posture & Locomotion
Sequence 22-II Upright: Balance
Sequence 22-III Upright: Ball Play
Sequence 22-IV Upright: Outdoor Play
Sequence 23 Prone (On Stomach)
Sequence 24 Supine (On Back)

Appendix A: Selected Impairments and Their Effects on Development
Appendix B: Resources and Recommended Readings
Appendix C: Play and Children with Motor Impairments
Appendix D: Object Boards as Aids for Teaching Children with Severe Motor Impairments
Appendix E: Motor Milestones in Infant Development


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