Cartography in the Traditional East and Southeast Asian Societies


The monumental History of Cartography is an unprecedented survey of the development of cartography both as a science and an art. This essential reference presents the enormous value of maps to societies worldwide and explores the many ways they have been used to depict the earth, sky, and cosmos from ancient times to the present.

Volume 2, book 2, considers the cartographic traditions of China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Tibet, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, and...

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The monumental History of Cartography is an unprecedented survey of the development of cartography both as a science and an art. This essential reference presents the enormous value of maps to societies worldwide and explores the many ways they have been used to depict the earth, sky, and cosmos from ancient times to the present.

Volume 2, book 2, considers the cartographic traditions of China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Tibet, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, and the Philippines, presenting significant new research and interpretation of archaeological, literary, and graphic sources. Richly illustrated with forty color plates and over five hundred black and white illustrations, the book includes a number of rare and elaborate maps, many previously unpublished.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780226316376
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • Publication date: 2/28/1995
  • Series: The History of Cartography Series
  • Edition description: 1
  • Edition number: 73
  • Pages: 998
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 2.80 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

Preface, David Woodward

Chapter 1: Prehistoric Cartography in Asia, Catherine Delano Smith
The Mapping Impulse in Prehistoric Art
Picture Maps
Plan Maps
Celestial Maps
Cosmological Maps
Problems of Interpretation

Chapter 2: Introduction to East Asian Cartography, Nathan Sivin and Gari Ledyard Scope
The Variety of East Asia
The Means and Ends of Cartography
Text and Map

PART ONE Cartography in China

Chapter 3: Reinterpreting Traditional Chinese Geographical Maps, Cordell D. K. Yee
Chinese Mapping: A Mathematical Tradition?
The Use and Abuse of Cartographic History: Flaws in the Quantitative Approach
Toward a Revision of the Chinese Map Tradition

Chapter 4: Chinese Maps in Political Culture, Cordell D. K. Yee
Maps, Ritual, and Warfare
Political Culture and Documentary Scholarship
Maps in Han Political Culture
The Continuity of Qin and Han Practices
Astrology and Celestial Mapping in Political Culture
The Proliferation of Geographic Records
Gazetteer Maps
Maps, Scholarship, and Cultural Continuity

Chapter 5: Taking the World's Measure: Chinese Maps between Observation and Text, Cordell D. K. Yee
The Government Interest in Measurement
Water Conservancy and Cartography
Evidentiary Scholarship and Cartography
Maps, Measurement, and Text
Number and Text in Pei Xiu's Cartography
Text and Measurement in Later Cartography
The Shape of the World: Observation versus Text
The Cartographic Grid

Chapter 6: Chinese Cartography Among the Arts: Objectivity, Subjectivity, Representation, Cordell D. K. Yee
The Relation between Art and Reality
Literature, Maps, and Representation of the Material World
The Dual Function of Representation in Literature
Painting and Representation
The Artistic Economy: Common Technologies of Production
Cartography and the Visual Arts: Conceptual and Stylistic Connections
Maps as Paintings/Paintings as Maps
Toward a Redefinition of the Map
Combining Fact and Value

Chapter 7: Traditional Chinese Cartography and the Myth of Westernization, Cordell D. K. Yee
The Introduction of European Cartography
European Cartography and Qing Mapping
Gauging the Extent of Western Influence
Late Qing Manifestations of European Influence

Chapter 8: Chinese Cosmographical Thought: The High Intellectual Tradition, John B. Henderson
Foundations of Geometric and Nonary Cosmography
Schematic Arrangements of Various Types of Space
Geomancy and its Relation to Cosmography
Later Modifications and Criticisms of Traditional Cosmographical Schemata
Countercosmography and Anticosmography in Qing Thought

Chapter 9: Concluding Remarks: Foundations for a Future History of Chinese Mapping, Cordell D. K. Yee

PART TWO Cartography in Korea, Japan, and Vietnam

Chapter 10: Cartography in Korea, Gari Ledyard
The Present State of Korean Cartographic Research
Korean Maps before the Fifteenth Century
World Maps and East Asia Regional Maps
The Foundations of Korean Cartography
The Shape of Korea
Local, Regional, and Defense Maps
The Historical and Social Setting of Korean Cartography

Chapter 11: Cartography in Japan, Kazutaka Unno
Introduction: The Main Mapping Traditions
Ancient and Medieval Japanese Cartography before the Edo Period
Early Assimilation of European Cartography
The State and Cartography
Development of the Printed Map Trade
Japanese Cartography and "Dutch Learning"
Japanese Mapping of Their Northern Frontier and Coastlines

Chapter 12: Cartography in Vietnam, John K. Whitmore
Maps of Dai Viet
Itineraries of Dai Viet
Maps of Dai Nam

PART THREE Celestial Mapping in East Asia

Chapter 13: Chinese and Korean Star Maps and Catalogs, F. Richard Stephenson
Independent Developments in Chinese Celestial Cartography
The Beginnings of Celestial Cartography in China
The Constellations as Envisaged During the Western and Eastern Zhou Dynasties and the Chunqiu Period (ca. 1027-468 B.C.)
Celestial Cartography in the Zhanguo Period (403-221 B.C.)
The Qin and Han Dynasties (221 B.C.-A.D. 220)
The Three Kingdoms to the Sui Dynasty (A.D. 220-618)
The Tang Dynasty and Five Dynasties Period (A.D. 618-960)
The Song and Contemporary Dynasties (A.D. 960-1279)
The Yuan and Ming Dynasties (1279-1644)
Celestial Cartography in Korea
The Jesuit Contribution

Chapter 14: Japanese Celestial Cartography before the Meiji Period, Kazuhiko Miyajima
Celestial Maps in Antiquity and the Middle Ages
Celestial Maps in the Edo Period
Hoshi Mandaras
Aboriginal Celestial Cartography

PART FOUR Cartography in Greater Tibet and Mongolia

Chapter 15: Maps of Greater Tibet, Joseph E. Schwartzberg
Cosmographic Maps
Geographical Maps
Mongolian Cartography, G. Henrik Herb

PART FIVE Cartography in Southeast Asia

Chapter 16: Introduction to Southeast Asian Cartography, Joseph E. Schwartzberg
The State of Our Knowledge
The Nature of the Southeast Asian Cartographic Corpus

Chapter 17: Cosmography in Southeast Asia, Joseph E. Schwartzberg
Tribal Cosmographies
Buddhist and Hindu Cosmographies
Astronomy, Astrology, Geomancy, and Mental Maps in Relation to Fields of Cosmic Force

Chapter 18: Southeast Asian Geographical Maps, Joseph E. Schwartzberg
A Map of the Greater Part of Asia
Maps of Countries and Regions
Route Maps
Maps of Primarily Rural Localities
Maps of Primarily Urban Localities

Chapter 19: Southeast Asian Nautical Maps, Joseph E. Schwartzberg

Chapter 20: Conclusion to Southeast Asian Cartography, Joseph E. Schwartzberg
Nature and Distribution of the Surviving Corpus
Physical Attributes of Southeast Asian Maps
Cartographic Attributes of Southeast Asian Maps
Future Tasks

Chapter 21: Concluding Remarks, David Woodward, Cordell D. K. Yee, and Joseph E. Schwartzberg
European and Asian Cartographies Compared
Map and Text
Representing the Physical and Metaphysical World
A Tentative Typology
Future Needs
Toward a New Cartographic Historicism

Editors, Authors, and Project Staff
Bibliographical Index
General Index,Ellen D. Goldlust

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