Cases and Materials on EU Law / Edition 10

Cases and Materials on EU Law / Edition 10

by Stephen Weatherill

ISBN-10: 0199639833

ISBN-13: 9780199639830

Pub. Date: 09/07/2012

Publisher: Oxford University Press

This comprehensive collection of important cases and legislation is coupled with Stephen Weatherill's in-depth and lively commentary and questions throughout, which explain the materials and stimulate further thought about them. The seventh edition has been fully updated with the relevant secondary legislation, case law, and academic commentary.

About the


This comprehensive collection of important cases and legislation is coupled with Stephen Weatherill's in-depth and lively commentary and questions throughout, which explain the materials and stimulate further thought about them. The seventh edition has been fully updated with the relevant secondary legislation, case law, and academic commentary.

About the Author:
Stephen Weatherill is the Jacques Delors Professor of European Community Law, Deputy Director for European Law in the Institute of European and Comparative Law at the University of Oxford, and a Fellow of Somerville College

Product Details

Oxford University Press
Publication date:
Edition description:
Older Edition
Product dimensions:
9.60(w) x 6.70(h) x 1.40(d)

Table of Contents

Preface     xii
Acknowledgments     xiv
Table of Cases     xvi
Table of Legislation     xxx
Amsterdam Treaty Table of Equivalence     xxxiv
Note on the Citation of Articles of the Treaties in Court Publications     xliv
Abbreviations     xlvi
The Constitutional Law of the EU     1
The Evolution of the European Union     3
Introduction     3
The Sources of the Law     27
The Treaties     28
Legislation     30
Legislation in the European Union     30
The legislative process     34
The principle of attributed competence     43
Reasoning     56
General Principles of Community Law     58
Proportionality     59
Fundamental rights     66
Technique     78
The Nature of Community Law: Supremacy     89
Supremacy     89
Direct Applicability     93
Pre-emption     94
The Enforcement of Community Law: 'Dual Vigilance'     99
Dual Vigilance     99
Control at Community Level     101
The nature of Article 226     101
The effectiveness of Article 226     104
Complaining to the Commission     111
Control at National Level     113
The criteria governing direct effect     113
Direct effect as a policy choice     119
Procedure and remedies     122
The Direct Effect of Directives     133
Establishing the Principle     133
Curtailing the Principle     136
The Scope of the Principle: the State     142
'Incidental Effect'     145
The Principle of Indirect Effect, or the Obligation of 'Conform-interpretation'     152
State Liability     161
Article 234: The Preliminary Reference Procedure     183
The Purpose of Article 234     183
The Separation of Functions     185
The Effect of an Article 234 Ruling     195
Bodies Competent to Refer     196
The Obligation to Refer and the Doctrine of Acte Clair     199
The Power to Refer     203
The Court's Information Note on References     206
Reforming the Court System     208
Control of Community Institutions     213
Introduction     213
Article 230     215
Article 230, first to third paragraphs     216
Article 230, non-privileged applicants     217
Individual concern     218
Direct concern     222
The example of the anti-dumping cases     224
Grounds for annulment     229
Interim measures     230
Article 232     231
Article 241     234
Articles 235 and 288     236
Article 234     244
The function of Article 234 in judicial review     244
The limitations of Article 234 in judicial review     247
Article 234 and the validity of Community acts     250
The effect of an Article 234 ruling     257
The Interrelation of the Several Remedies and Pressure for Liberalization of the Standing Rules     258
Pressure for liberalization, 1994-2001     259
Pressure for liberalization, 2002 and beyond     264
Epilogue to Part One: Constitutionalism     273
Community Trade Law and Policy     285
Law and the Economic Objectives of the Community     287
Introduction     287
The Common Market     288
The Internal Market: 1992     293
The background     293
The internal market defined      297
The anticipated benefits of the completion of the internal market     298
Measuring the Impact of '1992'     301
Measurement in 1996     301
Measurement in 2002     303
The business response     305
Managing the Internal Market     307
Economic and Monetary Union     317
Fiscal Barriers to Trade: Articles 25 and 90     323
Article 25     324
Article 90     328
Fiscal Harmonization     334
Physical and Technical Barriers to Trade: Articles 28-30     337
The Development of Article 28     337
The Application of Article 28     342
Article 30     364
Public morality     364
The protection of health and life of humans, animals, and plants     369
Eliminating Remaining Barriers to Trade     376
Beyond Discrimination: Article 28     379
Indistinctly Applicable Rules: the Cassis de Dijon Formula     379
Locating the Outer Limit of Article 28     391
Justifying Indistinctly Applicable Rules     405
What Sort of Market is Being Made? Some Consequences for Consumer Protection     414
The Free Movement of Workers: Article 39     425
Who is a Worker?     426
To What Advantages is the Worker Entitled?     430
Exceptions     436
Freedom of Establishment and the Free Movement of Services: Articles 43 and 49     445
The Rights     445
Non-discrimination     446
Beyond Discrimination     449
Challenging and justifying obstructive national measures     450
Cases dealing with company law     460
Cases dealing with particularly sensitive State choices     466
Harmonization     474
European Citizenship Within an Area of Freedom, Security, and Justice     477
Introduction     477
Free Movement of Persons Within an Area of Freedom, Security, and Justice     480
European Citizenship     486
Epilogue to Part Two     497
Competition Law     501
Article 81: Cartels     503
Introduction to Competition Law     503
Article 81     504
Jurisdiction     508
An Agreement     511
The Concerted Practice     513
Restriction of Competition     518
Preventing or distorting competition     518
Agreements of minor importance     523
Assessing a 'restriction of competition' in its full context     530
State involvement     535
Exemption     540
Block Exemption     541
Article 82: Dominant Positions     549
The Dominant Position: Defining the Market     550
Abuse     568
The Enforcement of the Competition Rules     579
Epilogue to Part Three     613
Policy-Making, Governance, and the Constitutional Debate     615
Harmonization and Common Policy-Making     617
Introduction     617
Harmonization Policy     620
Harmonization as an introduction to the wider debate     620
The New Approach to harmonization policy     623
Questioning the New Approach     628
Methods of Harmonization     632
Harmonization and the allocation of competence between the EC and the Member States     632
The management of Article 95(4) et seq     633
Harmonization, competence, and the scope for minimum rules     637
The Example of Consumer Law     642
Minimum harmonization     643
The Product Liability Directive     644
Uniform application of Community consumer law     649
The Product Liability Directive and pre-emption     653
Subsidiarity, Flexibility, and New Forms of Governance     659
Subsidiarity     660
Variable Integration and Flexibility     670
Instruments of Governance     681
What Sort of 'Europe'?     691
The Challenge of National Constitutional Courts     691
States and Beyond: Multi-level Governance and Constitutionalism     703
Legitimacy and Democracy     710
Epilogue to Part Four: Europe's True Soul     719
Final Questions     723
Selected Bibliography     725
Index     727

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