Cases in Public Policy and Administration: From Ancient Times to the Present

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Writing the perfect complement to their bestseller, Introducing Public Administration, Shafritz and Borick highlight the great drama inherent in public policy — and the ingenuity of its makers and administrators — in this new casebook that brings thrilling, true life adventures in public administration to life in an engaging, witty style.
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Table of Contents

Preface xi

Part I The Development of U.S. Public Administration 1

Chapter 1 Sherlock Holmes and the Case of Scientific Management: How the World's Most Famous Detective Was a Pivotal Influence on the Development of U.S. Public Administration 1

Chapter 2 Muckrakers and Reformers to the Rescue: How the Progressive Movement Created Modern Public Administration from the Muck of Corruption, Indifference, and Ignorance 11

Part II Public Policy Making 23

Chapter 3 The Case for Understanding the Critical Role of Doctrine in Public Policy Making: “Seeing” Policy Evolve Through the Lenses of the Doctrinal Development Cycle 23

Chapter 4 Who Really Made the Decision to Drop the First Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima?: Was It President Harry S. Truman or His Advisors, the Chief Executive or His Team of Technical Experts? 35

Part III The Machinery of Government 42

Chapter 5 How the Ideas of an Academic Economist, Friedrich A. Hayek, Led to the Thatcher Revolution in Great Britain, Inspired the Reagan Revolution in the United States, and Pushed the World's Global Economy into Its Worst Crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s 42

Chapter 6 From German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck to U.S. President Bill Clinton: How Political Leaders Created the Modern Welfare State Using Social Insurance as an Alternative to Socialism 55

Part IV Intergovernmental Relations 70

Chapter 7 Gun Shows, Gun Laws, and Gun Totin?: Second Amendment Fanatics Versus All Levels of Government 70

Chapter 8 The Politics—Administration Dichotomy Negated Again: How the Rove Doctrine Subordinated State, Local, and National Environmental Policy to the Service of the Republican Parly 80

Part V Ethics 87

Chapter 9 The Gas Chamber of Philadelphia: How a 1977 Incident at Independence Mall Illustrates the “Banality of Evil” Concept First Applied to Adolf Eichmann, the Nazi Holocaust Administrator 87

Chapter 10 The Red Ink of Orange County: When Is It Ethical for Public Treasurers to Gamble with Public Money? Only When You Win! 97

Part VI Organization Theory 104

Chapter 11 Using Systems Theory to Understand How Sun Tzu Predictably Turned Concubines into Soldiers in Ancient China; and How Chaos Theory Explains Why Systems Are Ultimately Unpredictable Even When They Are Otherwise Understood 104

Chapter 12 Using William Shakespeare's Plays to Prove That He Was an Instinctive and Early Organization Theorist: Whether in a Beehive or the Court of Elizabeth I, He Knew How Honey (or Money) Got Things Done 114

Part VII Organization Behavior 124

Chapter 13 The Case of the Ubiquitous Chief of Staff: How a job Invented by and Once Confined to the Military Escaped Its Uniformed Existence and Is Now Commonly Found in Government and Corporate Offices 124

Chapter 14 Organization Development in Hollywood War Movies: From John Wayne in The Sands of Iwo Jima to G.I. Jane and Beyond 132

Part VIII Managerialism and Information Technology 139

Chapter 15 George Orwell's Big Brother Is Bigger and Better than Ever: Not Only Is He Watching You, He Is Counting the Number of Times You Visit His Website, Taking Your Picture, Converting It to a Series of Numbers, and Destroying Your Anonymity! 139

Chapter 16 Did Al Gore Really Invent the Internet? And did Gore Lose the 2000 Presidential Election to George W. Bush by Threatening to Take Away the Internet? 146

Part IX Strategic Management 153

Chapter 17 How the U.S. Strategic Policy of Containment (of Communism in General and the Soviet Union in Particular) Gradually Evolved Just After World War II to Win the Cold War in 1989 153

Chapter 18 The Rand Corporation as an Exemplar: The Origins of and Increasingly Important Role of Strategic Think Tanks 167

Part X Leadership 179

Chapter 19 Implementing Strategy Through the Levels of Leadership and Strategic Optimism: How Strategic Leadership Invariably Devolves into Tactical Operations 179

Chapter 20 Was It Good Leadership for General Douglas Macarthur to Take His Staff with Him When He Abandoned His Army in the Philippines and Ran Away to Australia at the Beginning of World War II? 190

Part XI Personnel Management 200

Chapter 21 Why Advancement in Public Administration Has Always Been an Essay Contest: Proofs from the Presidency and the Bureaucracy 200

Chapter 22 The Case for Mentoring Junior Managers with Executive Potential: How General Fox Conner Set a Young Dwight D. Eisenhower on the Path to the Presidency 211

Part XII Social Equity 220

Chapter 23 Brown Reverses the Plessy Doctrine: How Thurgood Marshall Convinced The U.S. Supreme Court that Separate Is Inherently Not Equal, Laid the Legal Foundations For the Modern Civil Rights Movement, and Earned Himself an Appointment as the First African American Justice on That Supreme Court 220

Chapter 24 Government Regulation of Sex: Toward Greater Social Equity at Work Through Remedial Legislation, Judicial Precedents, and Sexual Harassment Prohibitions Written into Manuals of Personnel Rules 226

Part XIII Public Finance 237

Chapter 25 Take Me Out to the Ball Game and You Buy the Ticket: The Case for Public Stadium Financing 237

Chapter 26 The Fall of the House of California: How the Richest State in the Country Cratered into Budgetary Chaos and a Fiscal Nightmare 242

Part XIV Program Analysis and Evaluation 253

Chapter 27 Why Florence Nightingale, the Famous Nurse Who Pioneered the Graphic Presentation of Statistical Data, Is the Now-Forgotten “Mother” of Program Evaluation and PowerPoint® Illustrations 253

Chapter 28 The Often Ridiculous Nature of Public Policy and Its Analysis: Why It Is So Important to Allow for Ridicule and to Consider the Ridiculous 260

Index 271

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