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Presenting case studies from sixteen countries on five continents, The Catholic Church and the Nation-State paints a rich portrait of a complex and paradoxical institution whose political role has varied historically and geographically. In this integrated and synthetic collection of essays, outstanding scholars from the United States and abroad examine religious, diplomatic, and political actions -- both admirable and regrettable -- that shape our world. Kenneth R. Himes sets the context of the book by brilliantly describing the political influence of the church in the post-Vatican II era. There are many recent instances, the contributors assert, where the Church has acted as both a moral authority and a self-interested institution: in the United States it maintained unpopular moral positions on issues such as contraception and sexuality, yet at the same time it sought to cover up its own abuses; it was complicit in genocide in Rwanda but played an important role in ending the horrific civil war in Angola; and it has alternately embraced and suppressed nationalism by acting as the voice of resistance against communism in Poland, whereas in Chile it once supported opposition to Pinochet but now aligns with rightist parties.
With an in-depth exploration of the five primary challenges facing the Church -- theology and politics, secularization, the transition from serving as a nationalist voice of opposition, questions of justice, and accommodation to sometimes hostile civil authorities -- this book will be of interest to scholars and students in religion and politics as well as Catholic Church clergy and laity. By demonstrating how national churches vary considerably in the emphasis of their teachings and in the scope and nature of their political involvement, the analyses presented in this volume engender a deeper understanding of the role of the Roman Catholic Church in the world.
Foreword: Faith and Culture in a Turbulent Age, Thomas Massaro, SJ, and James Morone
Introduction: Theoretical Considerations on the Relationship between the Catholic Church and the Nation-State
Part One: THE THEOLOGICAL AND POLITICAL CHALLENGES OF THE VATICAN1. Vatican II and Contemporary Politics Kenneth R. Himes, OFM2. The Vatican as a Transnational Actor Lisa L. FerrariPart Two: THE CHALLENGES OF SECULARIZATION3. The Latin European Church: "Une Messe est Possible" Paul Christopher Manuel and Margaret MacLeish Mott4. The American Church: Of Being Catholic and American Ted G. Jelen5. The Chilean Church: Declining Hegemony? William Lies, CSC and Mary Fran T. MalonePart Three: THE CHALLENGE OF OPPOSITION6. The Polish Church: Catholic Hierarchy and Polish Politics Timothy A. Byrnes7. The Catholic Church in Ireland and Northern Ireland: Nationalism, Identity, and Opposition William Crotty8. The East Timorese Church: From Oppression to Liberation Alynna J. LyonPart Four: THE CHALLENGE OF JUSTICE9. The Brazilian Church: Reintegrating Ontology and Epistemology Christine A. Kearney10. The Rwandan Church: The Challenge of Reconciliation Elisée Rutagambwa, SJ11. The Angolan Church: The Prophetic Tradition, Politics, and the State Linda HeywoodPart Five: THE CHALLENGE OF ACCOMMODATION12. The Indian Church: Catholicism and Indian Nationhood Mathew N. Schmalz13. The Chinese Catholic Church: Obstacles to Reconciliation Lawrence C. Reardon14. The Congolese Church: Ecclesial Community within the Political Community Yvon C. Elenga, SJAppendices
A. Vatican Documents with Relevance to Church-State Issues
B. Religious Concentration of the Countries Considered in this Volume
C. Timeline of Significant Events in the Life of the Roman Catholic Church, 1800 to the Present
D. World Values Survey: How Important Is Religion in Your Life?