Caudillos in Spanish America, 1800-1850

Overview


The caudillo of Spanish America was both regional chieftain and, in the turbulent years of the early nineteenth century, national leader. His power base rested on ownership of land and control of armed bands. He was the rival of constitutional rulers and the precursor of modern dictators. In this book, Lynch explores the changing perception of the caudillo--bandit chief, guerrilla leader, republican hero--and examines his multi-faceted role as regional strongman, war leader, landowner, distributor of patronage, ...
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Overview


The caudillo of Spanish America was both regional chieftain and, in the turbulent years of the early nineteenth century, national leader. His power base rested on ownership of land and control of armed bands. He was the rival of constitutional rulers and the precursor of modern dictators. In this book, Lynch explores the changing perception of the caudillo--bandit chief, guerrilla leader, republican hero--and examines his multi-faceted role as regional strongman, war leader, landowner, distributor of patronage, and the "necessary gendarme" who maintained social order. Lynch traces the origins and development of the caudillo tradition, and sets it in its contemporary context. His scholarly analysis of this central theme in the history of Spanish America is underpinned by detailed case studies of four major caudillos: Juan Manuel de Rosas (Argentina), José Antonio Páez (Venezuela), Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna (Mexico), and Raphael Carrera (Guatemala). This study is an important contribution our understanding of political and social structures during the formative period of the nation-state in Spanish America.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"John Lynch has written an important and thoughtful book that greatly advances our understanding of the difficult years after Spanish-Anmerican independence."--The Historian

"A valuable original synthesis of the still largely uncharted history of early republican Spanish America."--Choice

"At last we have a work that makes solid, empirical, international comparisons, a field guide to the caudillos of post-independence Spanish America....John Lynch has written an important and thoughtful book that greatly advances our understanding of the difficult years after Spanish-American independence."--The Historian

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780198211358
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 5/28/1992
  • Pages: 488
  • Lexile: 1440L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 5.88 (w) x 8.81 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Maps
Abbreviations
I Caudillo Structures 1
1 Precursors and Premonitions 3
1 Terms of Power 3
2 Estancias, Hatos, and Haciendas 9
3 Bandits and Guerrillas in the Hispanic World 22
4 Absolute Monarchy: The Sole Arbitrator 29
2 Independence: Nursery of Caudillos 35
1 Rio de la Plata: Delegates and Dissenters 36
2 The Guerrillas of Upper Peru 44
3 The Montoneros of Central Peru 51
4 Venezuela: Caudillo Prototypes 55
5 Mexico: Clerical Caudillos 73
6 The Legacy of War 82
3 The New Rulers 84
1 Caudillos and Constitutionalists in Argentina 84
2 Venezuela: From War to Peace 99
3 Mexico: Caudillos in Search of Space 115
4 Caudillo Prospects 129
4 Caudillo State, Nation-State 132
1 From Bourbon State to Caudillo State 132
2 Wartime State 138
3 From Wartime State to Nation State 142
4 Caudillo Nationalism 148
5 The Mexican Version 159
6 The Caudillos and Economic Nationalism 168
5 The Necessary Gendarme 183
1 The Typology of Caudillism 183
2 War and Social Disorder 184
3 The Imperatives of Caudillism 188
4 The Prime Protector 194
5 Patricians or Populists? 201
6 The Caudillo System of Power: Conditions and Methods 205
7 Challenge from Behind 217
8 Caudillos and Campesinos in Mexico 226
9 Caudillo Models in Spanish America 234
II Caudillo Careers 239
6 Juan Manuel de Rosas: Argentina 1829-1852 241
1 The Making of a Caudillo 241
2 Conservative Dictator 250
3 Personal Government 254
4 Crisis and Collapse 263
5 The Rosas Model 273
7 Joke Antonio Paez: Venezuela 1830-1850 275
1 Preparations for Power 275
2 President and Protector 286
3 Caudillo of the Oligarchy 299
4 Caudillo in Defeat 305
8 Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna: Mexico 1821-1855 316
1 Mexican Hero 316
2 Patron and Proprietor 326
3 Absentee Caudillo 334
4 El Hombre Necesario 349
5 Variations of Leadership 362
9 Rafael Carrera: Guatemala 1837-1865 365
1 People's Leader 365
2 The Revolution of Mita 371
3 King of the Indians 381
4 Caudillo and President 390
5 Popular Caudillism, Conservative Caudillism 396
10 The Caudillo Tradition in Spanish America 402
1 Origins and Growth 402
2 The Caudillo in Political Theory 411
3 The Three Ages of Dictatorship 425
4 The Shadow of Caudillism 433
Bibliography 439
Glossary 456
Index 458
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