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In these pages, Davis brings into sharp focus the facts and fictions of the South's victories and defeats, its tenacious struggle to legitimize its cause and defeat an overpowering enemy, and its ultimate loss of will. He debunks long-standing legends, offers irrefutable evidence explaining Confederate actions, and contemplates the idealism, naiveté, folly, and courage of the military leadership and would-be founding fathers.
Among the most misunderstood, Davis contends, was Jefferson Davis. Often branded as enigmatic and incompetent, the Confederate president was simply a decent and committed leader whose mistakes were magnified by the war's extraordinary demands. Davis scrutinizes Jefferson Davis' relationship with his generals-most of whom were unproved talents or cronies with proven deficiencies-and reveals why only Robert E. Lee succeeded in winning Davis' confidence through flattery, persuasion, and a sense of responsibility. He also examines the myths and memories of the nearly deified Stonewall Jackson and John C. Breckinridge, the only effective Confederate secretary of war.
Davis also illustrates why the cause of the war—a subject of long-standing controversy—boils down to the single issue of slavery; why Southerners, ninety percent of whom didn't own slaves, were willing to join in the battle to defend their homeland; how the personalities, tactics, and styles of the armies in the turbulent West differed greatly from those in the East; what real or perceived turning points influenced Southern decision making; and how mythology and misinterpretations have been perpetuated through biography, history, literature, and film.
Revealing the Confederacy's myths for what they really are, Davis nevertheless illustrates how much those myths inform our understanding of the Civil War and its place in Southern and American culture.
Part One: Jefferson Davis and His Generals
1. Jefferson Davis: The Mystery of the Myth
2. Davis, Johnston, and Beauregard: The Tripple Play That Crippled the Confederacy
3. Davis and Lee: Partnership for Success
Part Two: Forgotten Wars
4. The Siege of Charleston
5. A Different Kind of War: Fighting in the West
6. Forgotten Wars: The Confederate Trans-Mississippi
Part Three: Excuses, Turning Points, and Defeats
7. Lost Will, Lost Causes
8. The Turning Point That Wasn't: The Confederates and the Election of 1864
9. John C. Breckinridge and Confederate Defeat
Part Four: The Confederacy in Myth and Posterity
10. Stonewall Jackson in Myth and Memory
11. Myths and Realities of the Confederacy
12. The Civil War and the Confederacy in Cinema