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Chapter 2: MetaFrame Installation ProcessIt may sound like a cliché, but planning really is the key to successful installations. Without suitable hardware and software, an installation may fail, or even worse, you could end up with an unstable system. Selecting your hardware is especially critical. Making the wrong choices can wreak all sorts of havoc. In the real world, there's little time for mistakes. Therefore, taking the time to check system requirements and carefully plan your installation is crucial.
Pre-installation TipsHere are a few tips that, if followed, can save you time and stress during your installation.
- Before you begin the installation, read the documentation that accompanies
the software or operating system. Find out what is required and what
decisions you may need to make during the installation. Remember to check
the Microsoft Hardware Compatibility List (HCL); it's also a good idea to
check the knowledge bases of both Microsoft and Citrix for new,
platform-specific issues. It may influence which hardware you decide to use.
The HCL can be found at http://www.microsoft .com/hcl/ and at Citrix's
Web site, http://www.Citrix.com.
- Analyze your existing systems and collect your data. See what you have to
work with and what you may need to do before beginning the installation.
Check the hardware manufacturer's and software vendor's Web sites,
downloading any BIOS updates, service packs, or upgrades that might be
needed�even for your new hardware.
- Make sure you have all the required drivers for the various hardware
components such as Basic Input/Output System (BIOS), Network Interface
Cards (NICs), Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks (RAID) controllers,
and video before you begin.
- Prepare and test your hardware. If installing new servers, check each one to make sure that cards are seated well, shipping protection has been removed, and all components are as they should be. Before installing the software, turn on the power and run any diagnostics provided by the vendor. By taking a step-by-step approach, you'll find you have fewer problems and a far more stable system.
To keep things simple, consider purchasing all your equipment from the same vendor and have it configured identically. Make sure the components that make up your servers are identical as well. If you are implementing multiple servers, you will appreciate the time saved on configuration issues. With the right equipment and proper planning, you can eliminate many of the obstacles faced when implementing or upgrading your systems.
on the job
Don't forget that user education is an extremely important aspect in moving from a traditional networked environment to a server-based one. When planning your deployment, make sure that user-training sessions are taken into account. This, more than anything else, will reduce the number of administration and support problems after deployment.
Sizing your server is an equally important issue, especially in a server-based computing scenario. Since the server, not the workstation, does all the processing, it is essential to have adequate resources and applications for the number of users you will support. An underpowered server will not advance the idea of a server-based, thin client environment.
The following sections outline the hardware and software specifications required for a successful installation of MetaFrame XP. Keep in mind that these are the bare minimums for the installation. Later, in the section on planning and sizing, we will discuss real-world implementations and what resources are needed for optimal performance.
Certification Objective 2.01
MetaFrame XP is an add-on product and requires an existing Microsoft operating
system running Terminal Services. It is compatible with the hardware listed on the
Microsoft Windows Hardware Compatibility List (HCL), so if you have carefully
selected your equipment for the operating system, MetaFrame will be supported as
well. In the sections that follow, you will find the hardware and software
requirements for both the server and the clients. Which operating system you choose will depend on the size of your user base and the load of applications that will be
run. Use the Microsoft recommendations for selecting the operating system.
Identifying Software and Hardware for MetaFrame XP
Server Software RequirementsAs an add-on product, MetaFrame XP must be installed onto an existing Microsoft operating system. The following lists the operating system requirements:
Operating SystemsMetaFrame XP can be installed on these Microsoft operating systems:
- Microsoft Windows NT 4.0, Terminal Server Edition with Service Pack 5 or later
- Windows 2000 Server with Service Pack 1 or later
- Windows 2000 Advanced Server with Service Pack 1 or later
- Windows 2000 Datacenter Server with Service Pack 1 or later
If installing MetaFrame XP on a Windows 2000 family server, make sure you do not use one that will act as a Domain Controller. Unless users are given the Log On Locally right, they will not be able to log on to a Terminal Services session on a domain controller. Whether you are using NT 4.0 Terminal Server or Windows 2000, it is not advisable to run Terminal Services and MetaFrame from a domain controller. The caveat is that Terminal Services can be installed on Windows 2000 Server in remote administration mode, as shown in Figure 2-2. In that case, Terminal Services would be used to remotely administer the server, and the Administrators Group would require Log On Locally rights, but separate licenses would not be necessary.
Make sure you understand the operating system requirements for installing MetaFrame XP. It is a common misconception that MetaFrame XP cannot be run on Windows NT 4.0 Terminal Server Edition.
How can you tell if Terminal Services have already been installed on a Windows
2000 Server? A quick way to check is to look in the Administrative Tools folder. If
you have a Windows 2000 family server currently installed, use the following
How to Determine if Terminal Services Are Installed
- Log into the server.
- Double-click My Computer.
- Double-click the Control Panel.
- Double-click Administrative Tools.