CCNA Data Center DCICT 640-916 Official Cert Guide

Overview

CCNA Data Center DCICT 640-916 Official Cert Guide

CCNA Data Center DCICT 640-916 Official Cert Guide from Cisco Press enables you to succeed on the exam the first time and is the only self-study resource approved by Cisco. A team of leading Cisco data center experts shares preparation hints and test-taking tips, helping you identify areas of weakness and improve both your conceptual knowledge and hands-on skills.

This complete, official study ...

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Overview

CCNA Data Center DCICT 640-916 Official Cert Guide

CCNA Data Center DCICT 640-916 Official Cert Guide from Cisco Press enables you to succeed on the exam the first time and is the only self-study resource approved by Cisco. A team of leading Cisco data center experts shares preparation hints and test-taking tips, helping you identify areas of weakness and improve both your conceptual knowledge and hands-on skills.

This complete, official study package includes

--A test-preparation routine proven to help you pass the exam

--“Do I Know This Already?” quizzes, which enable you to decide how much time you need to spend on each section

--Part-ending exercises, which help you drill on key concepts you must know thoroughly

--The powerful Pearson IT Certification Practice Test software, complete with hundreds of well-reviewed, exam-realistic questions, customization options, and detailed performance reports

--Study plan suggestions and templates to help you organize and optimize your study time

--A final preparation chapter that guides you through tools and resources to help you craft your review and test-taking strategies

Well regarded for its level of detail, study plans, assessment features, and challenging review questions and exercises, this official study guide helps you master the concepts and techniques that ensure your exam success.

The official study guide helps you master topics on the CCNA Data Center DCICT 640-916 exam, including

--Cisco data center concepts: architectures, devices, layers, modular design, vPC, FabricPath, Cisco Nexus switches, and more

--Data center unified fabric: FCoE, multihop, VIFs, FEX, and setup

--Storage networking: concepts, targets, verification, connectivity, zoning, setup, and configuration

--Data center virtualization: servers, devices, and Nexus 1000V, including setup and operations

--Cisco Unified Computing: concepts, discovery, connectivity, setup, and UCSM

--Data center network services: ACE load balancing, virtual context, HA, management, global/local solutions, and WAAS

The CD-ROM contains more than 450 practice questions for the exam, memory table exercises and answer keys, and a study planner tool.

Includes Exclusive Offer for 70% Off Premium Edition eBook and Practice Test

Pearson IT Certification Practice Test minimum system requirements:

Windows XP (SP3), Windows Vista (SP2), Windows 7, or Windows 8; Microsoft .NET Framework 4.0 Client; Pentium class 1GHz processor (or equivalent); 512 MB RAM; 650 MB disk space plus 50 MB for each downloaded practice exam; access to the Internet to register and download exam databases

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781587144226
  • Publisher: Cisco Press
  • Publication date: 3/20/2015
  • Series: Certification Guide Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 1072
  • Sales rank: 231,867
  • Product dimensions: 7.70 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 2.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Navaid Shamsee, CCIE No.12625, is a senior solutions architect in the Cisco Services organization. He holds a master’s degree in telecommunication and a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering. He also holds a triple CCIE in routing and switching, service provider, and data center technologies. Navaid has extensive experience in designing and implementing many large-scale enterprise and service provider data centers. In Cisco, Navaid is focused on security of data center, cloud, and software-defined networking technologies. You can reach Navaid on Twitter: @NavaidShamsee.

David Klebanov, CCIE No.13791 (Routing and Switching) is a technical solutions architect with Cisco Systems. David has more than 15 years of diverse industry experience architecting and deploying complex network environments. In his work, David influences strategic development of the industry-leading data center switching platforms, which lay the foundation for the next generation of data center fabrics. David also takes great pride in speaking at industry events, releasing publications, and working on patents. You can reach David on Twitter: @DavidKlebanov.

Hesham Fayed, CCIE No.9303 (Routing and Switching/Data Center), is a consulting systems engineer for data center and virtualization based in California. Hesham has been with Cisco for more than 9 years and has 18 years of experience in the computer industry, working with service providers and large enterprises. His main focus is working with customers in the western region of the United States to address their challenges by doing end-to-end data center architectures.

Ahmed Afrose is a solutions architect with the Cisco Cloud and IT Transformation (CITT) services organization. He is responsible for providing architectural design guidance and leading complex multitech service deliveries. Furthermore, he is involved in demonstrating the Cisco value propositions in cloud software, application automation, software-defined data centers, and Cisco Unified Computing System (UCS). He is experienced in server operating systems and virtualization technologies and holds various certifications. Ahmed has a bachelor’s degree in Information Systems. He started his career with Sun Microsystem-based technologies and has 15 years of diverse experience in the industry. He was also directly responsible for setting up Cisco UCS Advanced Services delivery capabilities while evangelizing the product in the region.

Ozden Karakok, CCIE No. 6331, is a technical leader from the data center products and technologies team in the Technical Assistant Center (TAC). Ozden has been with Cisco Systems for 15 years and specializes in storage area and data center networks. Prior to joining Cisco, Ozden spent five years working for a number of Cisco’s large customers in various telecommunication roles. Ozden is a Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert in routing and switching, SNA/IP, and storage. She holds VCP and ITIL certifications and is a frequent speaker at Cisco and data center events. She holds a degree in computer engineering from Istanbul Bogazici University. Currently, she works on Application Centric Infrastructure (ACI) and enjoys being a mother of two wonderful kids.

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Table of Contents

Introduction xxxix

Getting Started 1

Part I Data Center Networking 7

Chapter 1 Data Center Network Architecture 9

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 9

Foundation Topics 14

Modular Approach in Network Design 14

The Multilayer Network Design 14

Access Layer 16

Aggregation Layer 16

Core Layer 17

Collapse Core Design 17

Spine and Leaf Design 18

Port Channel 19

What Is Port Channel? 19

Benefits of Using Port Channels 20

Port Channel Compatibility Requirements 20

Link Aggregation Control Protocol 21

Port Channel Modes 21

Configuring Port Channel 22

Port Channel Load Balancing 23

Verifying Port Channel Configuration 23

Virtual Port Channel 24

What Is Virtual Port Channel? 24

Benefits of Using Virtual Port Channel 26

Components of vPC 26

vPC Data Plane Operation 29

vPC Control Plane Operation 30

vPC Limitations 31

Configuration Steps of vPC 32

Verification of vPC 33

FabricPath 34

Spanning Tree Protocol 34

What Is FabricPath? 35

Benefits of FabricPath 36

Components of FabricPath 36

FabricPath Frame Format 38

FabricPath Control Plane 40

FabricPath Data Plane 41

Conversational Learning 42

FabricPath Packet Flow Example 43

Unknown Unicast Packet Flow 43

Known Unicast Packet Flow 44

Virtual Port Channel Plus 45

FabricPath Interaction with Spanning Tree 46

Configuring FabricPath 47

Verifying FabricPath 48

Exam Preparation Tasks 50

Review All Key Topics 50

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 50

Define Key Terms 51

Chapter 2 Cisco Nexus Product Family 53

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 53

Foundation Topics 56

Describe the Cisco Nexus Product Family 56

Cisco Nexus 9000 Family 57

Cisco Nexus 9500 Family 57

Chassis 59

Supervisor Engine 60

System Controller 60

Fabric Modules 61

Line Cards 62

Power Supplies 64

Fan Trays 65

Cisco QSFP Bi-Di Technology for 40 Gbps Migration 66

Cisco Nexus 9300 Family 66

Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Product Family 67

Cisco Nexus 7004 Series Switch Chassis 70

Cisco Nexus 7009 Series Switch Chassis 71

Cisco Nexus 7010 Series Switch Chassis 72

Cisco Nexus 7018 Series Switch Chassis 72

Cisco Nexus 7706 Series Switch Chassis 73

Cisco Nexus 7710 Series Switch Chassis 74

Cisco Nexus 7718 Series Switch Chassis 74

Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Supervisor Module 75

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Supervisor 1 Module 76

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Supervisor 2 Module 76

Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Fabric Modules 77

Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Licensing 79

Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Line Cards 82

Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Series Power Supply Options 84

Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Series 3.0-KW AC

Power Supply Module 85

Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Series 3.0-KW DC

Power Supply Module 85

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series 6.0-KW and 7.5-KW AC

Power Supply Module 86

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series 6.0-KW DC Power Supply Module 87

Cisco Nexus 6000 Product Family 89

Cisco Nexus 6001P and Nexus 6001T Switches and Features 89

Cisco Nexus 6004 Switches Features 90

Cisco Nexus 6000 Switches Licensing Options 91

Cisco Nexus 5500 and Nexus 5600 Product Family 93

Cisco Nexus 5548P and 5548UP Switches Features 94

Cisco Nexus 5596UP and 5596T Switches Features 94

Cisco Nexus 5500 Products Expansion Modules 95

Cisco Nexus 5600 Product Family 98

Cisco Nexus 5672UP Switch Features 99

Cisco Nexus 56128P Switch Features 100

Cisco Nexus 5600 Expansion Modules 100

Cisco Nexus 5500 and Nexus 5600 Licensing Options 101

Cisco Nexus 3000 Product Family 102

Cisco Nexus 3000 Licensing Options 106

Cisco Nexus 2000 Fabric Extenders Product Family 108

Cisco Dynamic Fabric Automation 113

Summary 113

Exam Preparation Tasks 115

Review All Key Topics 115

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 116

Define Key Terms 116

Chapter 3 Virtualizing Cisco Network Devices 119

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 119

Foundation Topics 121

Describing VDCs on the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Switch 121

VDC Deployment Scenarios 122

Horizontal Consolidation Scenarios 123

Vertical Consolidation Scenarios 124

VDCs for Service Insertion 124

Understanding Different Types of VDCs 125

Interface Allocation 127

VDC Administration 127

VDC Requirements 128

Verifying VDCs on the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Switch 129

Describing Network Interface Virtualization 132

Cisco Nexus 2000 FEX Terminology 132

Nexus 2000 Series Fabric Extender Connectivity 133

VN-Tag Overview 134

Cisco Nexus 2000 FEX Packet Flow 135

Cisco Nexus 2000 FEX Port Connectivity 136

Cisco Nexus 2000 FEX Configuration on the Nexus 7000 Series 138

Summary 141

Exam Preparation Tasks 142

Review All Key Topics 142

Define Key Terms 142

Chapter 4 Data Center Interconnect 145

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 145

Foundation Topics 147

Introduction to Overlay Transport Virtualization 147

OTV Terminology 149

OTV Control Plane 151

Multicast Enabled Transport Infrastructure 151

Unicast-Enabled Transport Infrastructure 152

Data Plane for Unicast Traffic 153

Data Plane for Multicast Traffic 155

Failure Isolation 157

STP Isolation 157

Unknown Unicast Handling 157

ARP Optimization 158

OTV Multihoming 158

First Hop Redundancy Protocol Isolation 158

OTV Configuration Example with Multicast Transport 159

OTV Configuration Example with Unicast Transport 162

Summary 164

Exam Preparation Tasks 165

Review All Key Topics 165

Define Key Terms 165

Chapter 5 Management and Monitoring of Cisco Nexus Devices 167

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 167

Foundation Topics 171

Operational Planes of a Nexus Switch 171

Data Plane 171

Store-and-Forward Switching 172

Cut-Through Switching 172

Nexus 5500 Data Plane Architecture 172

Control Plane 174

Nexus 5500 Control Plane Architecture 174

Control Plane Policing 176

Control Plane Analyzer 178

Management Plane 178

Nexus Management and Monitoring Features 179

Out-of-Band Management 180

Console Port 181

Connectivity Management Processor 181

Management Port (mgmt0) 182

In-band Management 182

Role-Based Access Control 183

User Roles 183

Rules 184

User Role Policies 184

RBAC Characteristics and Guidelines 184

Privilege Levels 185

Simple Network Management Protocol 185

SNMP Notifications 186

SNMPv3 186

Remote Monitoring 187

RMON Alarms 187

RMON Events 188

Syslog 188

Embedded Event Manager 189

Event Statements 189

Action Statements 189

Policies 190

Generic Online Diagnostics (GOLD) 190

Smart Call Home 191

Nexus Device Configuration and Verification 192

Perform Initial Setup 192

In-Service Software Upgrade 195

ISSU on the Cisco Nexus 5000 196

ISSU on the Cisco Nexus 7000 197

Important CLI Commands 199

Command-Line Help 199

Automatic Command Completion 200

Entering and Exiting Configuration Context 200

Display Current Configuration 201

Command Piping and Parsing 202

Feature Command 203

Verifying Modules 204

Verifying Interfaces 205

Viewing Logs 207

Viewing NVRAM logs 208

Exam Preparation Tasks 209

Review All Key Topics 209

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 209

Define Key Terms 209

Part I Review 210

Part II Data Center Storage-Area Networking 215

Chapter 6 Data Center Storage Architecture 217

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 217

Foundation Topics 220

What Is a Storage Device? 220

What Is a Storage-Area Network? 224

How to Access a Storage Device 226

Block-Level Protocols 227

File-Level Protocols 236

Putting It All Together 238

Storage Architectures 238

Scale-up and Scale-out Storage 239

Tiered Storage 239

SAN Design 241

SAN Design Considerations 244

1. Port Density and Topology Requirements 244

2. Device Performance and Oversubscription Ratios 245

3. Traffic Management 247

4. Fault Isolation 247

5. Control Plane Scalability 248

SAN Topologies 249

Fibre Channel 252

FC-0: Physical Interface 253

FC-1: Encode/Decode 254

Encoding and Decoding 255

Ordered Sets 255

FC-2: Framing Protocol 256

Fibre Channel Service Classes 258

Fibre Channel Flow Control 258

FC-3: Common Services 260

Fibre Channel Addressing 261

Switched Fabric Address Space 262

Fibre Channel Link Services 263

Fibre Channel Fabric Services 265

FC-4: ULPs–Application Protocols 266

Fibre Channel–Standard Port Types 267

Virtual Storage-Area Network 269

Dynamic Port VSAN Membership 271

Inter-VSAN Routing 271

Fibre Channel Zoning and LUN Masking 272

Device Aliases Versus Zone-Based (FC) Aliases 276

Reference List 277

Exam Preparation Tasks 278

Review All Key Topics 278

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 280

Define Key Terms 280

Chapter 7 Cisco MDS Product Family 283

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 283

Foundation Topics 286

Once Upon a Time There Was a Company Called Andiamo 286

The Secret Sauce of Cisco MDS: Architecture 288

A Day in the Life of a Fibre Channel Frame in MDS 9000 289

Lossless Networkwide In-Order Delivery Guarantee 296

Cisco MDS Software and Storage Services 296

Flexibility and Scalability 296

Common Software Across All Platforms 296

Multiprotocol Support 296

Virtual SANs 297

Intelligent Fabric Applications 297

Network-Assisted Applications 297

Cisco Data Mobility Manager 298

I/O Accelerator 298

XRC Acceleration 299

Network Security 299

Switch and Host Authentication 299

IP Security for FCIP and iSCSI 299

Cisco TrustSec Fibre Channel Link Encryption 300

Role-Based Access Control 300

Port Security and Fabric Binding 300

Zoning 300

Availability 301

Nondisruptive Software Upgrades 301

Stateful Process Failover 301

ISL Resiliency Using Port Channels 301

iSCSI, FCIP, and Management-Interface High Availability 302

Port Tracking for Resilient SAN Extension 302

Manageability 302

Open APIs 303

Configuration and Software-Image Management 303

N-Port Virtualization 303

Autolearn for Network Security Configuration 304

FlexAttach 304

Cisco Data Center Network Manager Server Federation 304

Network Boot for iSCSI Hosts 304

Internet Storage Name Service 304

Proxy iSCSI Initiator 304

iSCSI Server Load Balancing 305

IPv6 305

Traffic Management 305

Quality of Service 305

Extended Credits 305

Virtual Output Queuing 305

Fibre Channel Port Rate Limiting 306

Load Balancing of Port Channel Traffic 306

iSCSI and SAN Extension Performance Enhancements 306

FCIP Compression 306

FCIP Tape Acceleration 306

Serviceability, Troubleshooting, and Diagnostics 307

Cisco Switched Port Analyzer and Cisco Fabric Analyzer 307

SCSI Flow Statistics 307

Fibre Channel Ping and Fibre Channel Traceroute 307

Call Home 308

System Log 308

Other Serviceability Features 308

Cisco MDS 9000 Family Software License Packages 309

Cisco MDS Multilayer Directors 312

Cisco MDS 9700 312

Cisco MDS 9500 315

Cisco MDS 9000 Series Multilayer Components 319

Cisco MDS 9700—MDS 9500 Supervisor and Crossbar Switching Modules 319

Cisco MDS 9000 48-Port 8-Gbps Advanced Fibre Channel Switching Module 322

Cisco MDS 9000 32-Port 8-Gbps Advanced Fibre Channel Switching Module 323

Cisco MDS 9000 18/4-Port Multiservice Module (MSM) 323

Cisco MDS 9000 16-Port Gigabit Ethernet Storage Services Node (SSN) Module 324

Cisco MDS 9000 4-Port 10-Gbps Fibre Channel Switching Module 324

Cisco MDS 9000 8-Port 10-Gbps Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) Module 325

Cisco MDS 9700 48-Port 16-Gbps Fibre Channel Switching Module 325

Cisco MDS 9700 48-Port 10-Gbps Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) Module 326

Cisco MDS 9000 Family Pluggable Transceivers 326

Cisco MDS Multiservice and Multilayer Fabric Switches 328

Cisco MDS 9148 329

Cisco MDS 9148S 329

Cisco MDS 9222i 330

Cisco MDS 9250i 332

Cisco MDS Fibre Channel Blade Switches 335

Cisco Prime Data Center Network Manager 337

Cisco DCNM SAN Fundamentals Overview 338

DCNM-SAN Server 339

Licensing Requirements for Cisco DCNM-SAN Server 339

Device Manager 339

DCNM-SAN Web Client 340

Performance Manager 340

Authentication in DCNM-SAN Client 341

Cisco Traffic Analyzer 341

Network Monitoring 341

Performance Monitoring 341

Reference List 342

Exam Preparation Tasks 343

Review All Key Topics 343

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 344

Define Key Terms 344

Chapter 8 Virtualizing Storage 347

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 347

Foundation Topics 350

What Is Storage Virtualization? 350

How Storage Virtualization Works 351

Why Storage Virtualization? 351

What Is Being Virtualized? 352

Block Virtualization–RAID 353

Virtualizing Logical Unit Numbers 359

Tape Storage Virtualization 360

Virtualizing Storage-Area Networks 361

N-Port ID Virtualization (NPIV) 362

N-Port Virtualizer (NPV) 362

Virtualizing File Systems 362

File/Record Virtualization 363

Where Does the Storage Virtualization Occur? 364

Host-Based Virtualization 364

Network-Based (Fabric-Based) Virtualization 365

Array-Based Virtualization 368

Reference List 370

Exam Preparation Tasks 372

Review All Key Topics 372

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 372

Define Key Terms 372

Chapter 9 Fibre Channel Storage-Area Networking 375

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 375

Foundation Topics 379

Where Do I Start? 379

The Cisco MDS NX-OS Setup Utility–Back to Basics 383

The Power On Auto Provisioning 392

Licensing Cisco MDS 9000 Family NX-OS Software Features 394

License Installation 394

Verifying the License Configuration 397

On-Demand Port Activation Licensing 397

Making a Port Eligible for a License 399

Acquiring a License for a Port 399

Moving Licenses Among Ports 399

Cisco MDS 9000 NX-OS Software Upgrade and Downgrade 400

Upgrading to Cisco NX-OS on an MDS 9000 Series Switch 402

Downgrading Cisco NX-OS Release on an MDS 9500 Series Switch 404

Configuring Interfaces 406

Graceful Shutdown 407

Port Administrative Speeds 407

Frame Encapsulation 407

Bit Error Thresholds 407

Local Switching 408

Dedicated and Shared Rate Modes 408

Slow Drain Device Detection and Congestion Avoidance 409

Management Interfaces 410

VSAN Interfaces 410

Verify Initiator and Target Fabric Login 413

VSAN Configuration 413

Port VSAN Membership 414

Verify Fibre Channel Zoning on a Cisco MDS 9000 Series Switch 421

About Smart Zoning 423

About LUN Zoning and Assigning LUNs to Storage Subsystems 423

About Enhanced Zoning 424

VSAN Trunking and Setting Up ISL Port 432

Trunk Modes 433

Port Channel Modes 434

Reference List 442

Exam Preparation Tasks 443

Review All Key Topics 443

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 444

Define Key Terms 444

Part II Review 446

Part III Data Center Unified Fabric 451

Chapter 10 Unified Fabric Overview 453

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 453

Foundation Topics 456

Challenges of Today’s Data Center Networks 456

Cisco Unified Fabric Principles 458

Convergence of Network and Storage 458

Scalability and Growth 463

Security and Intelligence 469

Inter-Data Center Unified Fabric 474

Fibre Channel over IP 475

Overlay Transport Virtualization 477

Locator ID Separation Protocol 481

Reference List 484

Exam Preparation Tasks 485

Review All Key Topics 485

Define Key Terms 485

Chapter 11 Data Center Bridging and FCoE 487

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 487

Foundation Topics 490

Data Center Bridging 490

Priority Flow Control 490

Enhanced Transmission Selection 491

Data Center Bridging Exchange 492

Quantized Congestion Notification 492

Fibre Channel Over Ethernet 494

FCoE Logical Endpoint 495

FCoE Port Types 495

FCoE ENodes 496

Fibre Channel Forwarder 497

FCoE Encapsulation 498

FCoE Initialization Protocol 500

Converged Network Adapter 501

FCoE Speed 502

FCoE Cabling Options for the Cisco Nexus 5000 Series Switches 503

Optical Cabling 503

Transceiver Modules 505

SFP Transceiver Modules 505

SFP+ Transceiver Modules 506

QSFP Transceiver Modules 507

Unsupported Transceiver Modules 511

Delivering FCoE Using Cisco Fabric Extender Architecture 511

FCoE and Cisco Nexus 2000 Series Fabric Extenders 513

FCoE and Straight-Through Fabric Extender Attachment Topology 514

FCoE and vPC Fabric Extender Attachment Topology 518

FCoE and Server Fabric Extenders 522

Adapter-FEX 522

Virtual Ethernet Interfaces 523

FCoE and Virtual Fibre Channel Interfaces 525

Virtual Interface Redundancy 526

FCoE and Cascading Fabric Extender Topologies 528

Adapter-FEX and FCoE Fabric Extenders in vPC Topology 528

Adapter-FEX and FCoE Fabric Extenders in Straight-Through Topology with vPC 530

Adapter-FEX and FCoE Fabric Extenders in Straight-Through Topology 531

Reference List 532

Exam Preparation Tasks 533

Review All Key Topics 533

Define Key Terms 533

Chapter 12 Multihop Unified Fabric 535

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 535

Foundation Topics 538

First Hop Access Layer Consolidation 538

Aggregation Layer FCoE Multihop 540

FIP Snooping 540

FCoE-NPV 542

Full Fibre Channel Switching 544

Dedicated Wire Versus Unified Wire 546

Cisco FabricPath FCoE Multihop 547

Dynamic FCoE FabricPath Topology 548

Dynamic FCoE Virtual Links 549

Dynamic Virtual Fibre Channel Interfaces 550

Redundancy and High Availability 551

Reference List 553

Exam Preparation Tasks 554

Review All Key Topics 554

Define Key Terms 554

Part III Review 556

Part IV Cisco Unified Computing 561

Chapter 13 Cisco Unified Computing System Architecture 563

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 564

Foundation Topics 568

Evolution of Server Computing in a Nutshell 568

What Is a Socket? 569

What Is a Core? 569

What Is Hyperthreading? 570

Understanding Server Processor Numbering 570

Value of Cisco UCS in the Data Center 571

One Unified System 572

Unified Fabric 573

Unified Management and Operations 573

Cisco UCS Stateless Computing 574

Intelligent Automation, Cloud-Ready Infrastructure 575

Describing the Cisco UCS Product Family 576

Cisco UCS Computer Hardware Naming 577

Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnects 578

What Is a Unified Port? 580

Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect–Expansion Modules 580

Cisco UCS 5108 Blade Server Chassis 580

Cisco UCS 5108 Blade Server Chassis–Power Supply and Redundancy Modes 581

Cisco UCS I/O Modules (FEX) 582

Cisco UCS B-series Blade Servers 583

Cisco UCS B-series Best Practices for Populating DRAM 585

Cisco Adapters (Mezzanine Cards) for UCS B-series Blade Servers 586

Cisco Converged Network Adapters (CNA) 587

Cisco Virtual Interface Cards 587

Cisco UCS Port Expander for VIC 1240 588

What Is Cisco Adapter FEX? 589

What Is Cisco Virtual Machine-Fabric Extender (VM-FEX)? 589

Cisco UCS Storage Accelerator Adapters 589

Cisco UCS C-series Rackmount Servers 590

Cisco UCS C-series Best Practices for Populating DRAM 592

Cisco Adapters for UCS C-series Rackmount Servers 593

Cisco UCS C-series RAID Adapter Options 593

Cisco UCS C-series Virtual Interface Cards and OEM CNA Adapters 596

What Is SR-IOV (Single Root-IO Virtualization)? 597

Cisco UCS C-series Network Interface Card 598

Cisco UCS C-series Host Bus Adapter 599

What Is N_Port ID Virtualization (NPIV)? 600

Cisco UCS Storage Accelerator Adapters 601

Cisco UCS E-series Servers 602

Cisco UCS “All-in-One” 603

Cisco UCS Invicta Series–Solid State Storage Systems 603

Cisco UCS Software 604

Cisco UCS Manager 604

Cisco UCS Central 605

Cisco UCS Director 605

Cisco UCS Platform Emulator 605

Cisco goUCS Automation Tool 605

Cisco UCS Connectivity Architecture 606

Cisco UCS 5108 Chassis to Fabric Interconnect Physical Connectivity 606

Cisco UCS C-series Rackmount Server Physical Connectivity 607

Cisco UCS 6200 Fabric Interconnect to LAN, SAN Connectivity 609

Ethernet Switching Mode 609

Fibre Channel Switching Mode 610

Cisco UCS I/O Module and Fabric Interconnect Connectivity 611

Cisco UCS I/O Module Architecture 613

Fabric and Adapter Port Channel Architecture 614

Cisco Integrated Management Controller Architecture 615

Reference List 616

Exam Preparation Tasks 617

Review All Key Topics 617

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 618

Define Key Terms 618

Chapter 14 Cisco Unified Computing System Manager 621

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 622

Foundation Topics 625

Cabling a Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect HA Cluster 625

Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect HA Architecture 625

Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect Cluster Connectivity 626

Initial Setup Script for Primary Fabric Interconnect 627

Initial Setup Script for Subordinate Secondary Fabric Interconnect 628

Verify Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect Cluster Setup 629

Changing Cluster Addressing via Command-Line Interface 631

Command Modes 631

Changing Cluster IP Addresses via Command-Line Interface 631

Changing Static IP Addresses via Command-Line Interface 632

Cisco UCS Manager Operations 633

Cisco UCS Manager Functions 633

Cisco UCS Manager GUI Layout 636

Cisco UCS Manager: Navigation Pane–Tabs 638

Equipment Tab 638

Servers Tab 639

LAN Tab 640

SAN Tab 641

VM Tab 642

Admin Tab 643

Device Discovery in Cisco UCS Manager 644

Basic Port Personalities in the Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect 644

Verifying Device Discovery in Cisco UCS Manager 647

Reference List 650

Exam Preparation Tasks 651

Review All Key Topics 651

Define Key Terms 651

Chapter 15 Cisco Unified Computing System Pools, Policies, Templates, and Service Profiles 653

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 653

Foundation Topics 657

Cisco UCS Service Profiles 657

Cisco UCS Hardware Abstraction and Stateless Computing 657

Contents of a Cisco UCS Service Profile 659

Other Benefits of Cisco UCS Service Profiles 661

Ease of Incremental Deployments 661

Plan and Preconfigure Cisco UCS Solutions 661

Ease of Server Replacement 662

Right-Sized Server Deployments 662

Cisco UCS Templates 662

Organizational Awareness with Service Profile Templates 663

Cisco UCS Service Profile Templates 664

Cisco UCS vNIC Templates 665

Cisco UCS vHBA Templates 666

Cisco UCS Logical Resource Pools 667

UUID Identity Pools 668

MAC Address Identity Pools 669

WWN Address Identity Pools 670

WWNN Pools 670

WWPN Pools 671

Cisco UCS Physical Resource Pools 671

Server Pools 671

Cisco UCS Server Qualification and Pool Policies 672

Server Auto-Configuration Policies 673

Creation of Policies for Cisco UCS Service Profiles and Service Profile Templates 674

Commonly Used Policies Explained 674

Equipment Tab–Global Policies 674

BIOS Policy 675

Boot Policy 676

Local Disk Configuration Policy 676

Maintenance Policy 677

Scrub Policy 678

Host Firmware Packages 678

Adapter Policy 679

Cisco UCS Chassis and Blade Power Capping 680

What Is Power Capping? 680

Cisco UCS Power Capping Strategies 680

Static Power Capping (Explicit Blade Power Cap) 680

Dynamic Power Capping (Implicit Chassis Power Cap) 681

Power Cap Groups (Explicit Group) 681

Utilizing Cisco UCS Service Profile Templates 682

Creating Cisco UCS Service Profile Templates 682

Modifying a Cisco UCS Service Profile Template 683

Utilizing Cisco UCS Service Profile Templates for Different Workloads 684

Creating Service Profiles from Templates 685

Reference List 686

Exam Preparation Tasks 687

Review All Key Topics 687

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 688

Define Key Terms 688

Chapter 16 Administration, Management, and Monitoring of Cisco Unified Computing System 691

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 691

Foundation Topics 695

Cisco UCS Administration 695

Organization and Locales 695

Role-Based Access Control 697

Authentication Methods 698

LDAP Providers 698

LDAP Provider Groups 699

Domain, Realm, and Default Authentication Settings 700

Communication Management 701

UCS Firmware, Backup, and License Management 701

Firmware Terminology 702

Firmware Definitions 702

Firmware Update Guidelines 703

Host Firmware Packages 704

Cross-Version Firmware Support 704

Firmware Auto Install 704

UCS Backups 706

Backup Automation 706

License Management 707

Cisco UCS Management 708

Operational Planes 708

In-Band Versus Out-of-Band Management 709

Remote Accessibility 710

Direct KVM Access 710

Advanced UCS Management 711

Cisco UCS Manager XML API 711

goUCS Automation Toolkit 712

Using the Python SDK 714

Multi-UCS Management 716

Cisco UCS Monitoring 716

Cisco UCS System Logs 716

Fault, Event, and Audit Logs (Syslogs) 716

System Event Logs 719

UCS SNMP 720

UCS Fault Suppression 721

Collection and Threshold Policies 722

Call Home and Smart Call Home 725

Reference List 728

Exam Preparation Tasks 729

Review All Key Topics 729

Define Key Terms 729

Part IV Review 730

Part V Data Center Server Virtualization 735

Chapter 17 Server Virtualization Solutions 737

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 737

Foundation Topics 740

Brief History of Server Virtualization 740

Server Virtualization Components 741

Hypervisor 741

Virtual Machines 742

Virtual Switching 743

Management Tools 743

Types of Server Virtualization 744

Full Virtualization 745

Paravirtualization 745

Operating System Virtualization 746

Server Virtualization Benefits and Challenges 747

Server Virtualization Benefits 748

Server Virtualization Challenges 749

Reference List 753

Exam Preparation Tasks 754

Review All Key Topics 754

Define Key Terms 754

Chapter 18 Cisco Nexus 1000V and Virtual Switching 757

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 758

Foundation Topics 761

Evolution of Virtual Switching 761

Before Server Virtualization 761

Server Virtualization with Static VMware vSwitch 763

Virtual Network Components 764

Virtual Access Layer 766

Standard VMware vSwitch Overview 766

Standard VMware vSwitch Operations 767

Standard VMware vSwitch Configuration 769

VMware vDS Overview 770

VMware vDS Configuration 772

VMware vDS Enhancements 773

VMware vSwitch and vDS 774

Cisco Nexus 1000V Virtual Networking Solution 775

Cisco Nexus 1000V System Overview 776

Cisco Nexus 1000V Salient Features and Benefits 777

Cisco Nexus 1000V Series Virtual Switch Architecture 780

Cisco Nexus 1000V Virtual Supervisory Module 780

Cisco Nexus 1000V Virtual Ethernet Module 781

Cisco Nexus 1000V Component Communication 782

Cisco Nexus 1000V Management Communication 782

Cisco Nexus 1000V Port Profiles 783

Types of Port Profiles in Cisco Nexus 1000V 784

Cisco Nexus 1000V Administrator View and Roles 784

Cisco Nexus 1000V Verifying Initial Configuration 786

Cisco Nexus 1000V VSM Installation Methods 786

Initial VSM Configuration Verification 787

Verifying VMware vCenter Connectivity 788

Verify Nexus 1000V Module Status 789

Cisco Nexus 1000V VEM Installation Methods 790

Initial VEM Status on ESX or ESXi Host 790

Verifying VSM Connectivity from vCenter Server 790

Verifying VEM Agent Running 791

Verifying VEM Uplink Interface Status 791

Verifying VEM Parameters with VSM Configuration 792

Validating VM Port Groups and Port Profiles 793

Verifying Port Profile and Groups 794

Key New Technologies Integrated with Cisco Nexus 1000V 795

What Is the Difference Between VN-Link and VN-Tag? 795

What Is VXLAN? 795

What Is vPath Technology? 796

Reference List 797

Exam Preparation Tasks 798

Review All Key Topics 798

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 798

Define Key Terms 799

Part V Review 800

Part VI Data Center Network Services 805

Chapter 19 Cisco ACE and GSS 807

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 807

Foundation Topics 810

Server Load-Balancing Concepts 810

What Is Server Load Balancing? 810

Benefits of Server Load Balancing 811

Methods of Server Load Balancing 812

ACE Family Products 813

ACE Module 814

Control Plane 816

Data Plane 817

ACE 4710 Appliances 818

Global Site Selector 819

Understanding the Load-Balancing Solution Using ACE 821

Layer 3 and Layer 4 Load Balancing 822

Layer 7 Load Balancing 823

TCP Server Reuse 824

Real Server 825

Server Farm 825

Server Health Monitoring 826

In-band Health Monitoring: 826

Out-of-band Health Monitoring (Probes) 826

Load-Balancing Algorithms (Predictor) 827

Stickiness 828

Sticky Groups 829

Sticky Methods 829

Sticky Table 829

Traffic Policies for Server Load Balancing 830

Class Maps 830

Policy Map 830

Configuration Steps 831

ACE Deployment Modes 831

Bridge Mode 832

Routed Mode 832

One-Arm Mode 833

ACE Virtualization 835

Contexts 835

Domains 836

Role-Based Access Control 836

Resource Classes 836

ACE High Availability 837

Management of ACE 839

Remote Management 839

Simple Network Management Protocol 839

XML Interface 839

ACE Device Manager 839

ANM 840

Global Load Balancing Using GSS and ACE 840

Exam Preparation Tasks 844

Review All Key Topics 844

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 844

Define Key Terms 844

Chapter 20 Cisco WAAS and Application Acceleration 847

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 847

Foundation Topics 850

Wide-Area Network Optimization 850

Characteristics of Wide-Area Networks 851

Latency 851

Bandwidth 853

Packet Loss 853

Poor Link Utilization 854

What Is WAAS? 854

WAAS Product Family 855

WAVE Appliances 855

Router-Integrated Form Factors 856

Virtual Appliances (vWAAS) 857

WAAS Express (WAASx) 857

WAAS Mobile 858

WAAS Central Manager 858

WAAS Architecture 859

WAAS Solution Overview 860

Key Features and Benefits of Cisco WAAS 862

Cisco WAAS WAN Optimization Techniques 866

Transport Flow Optimization 866

TCP Window Scaling 867

TCP Initial Window Size Maximization 867

Increased Buffering 867

Selective Acknowledgement 867

Binary Increase Congestion TCP 868

Compression 868

Data Redundancy Elimination 868

LZ Compression 868

Application-Specific Acceleration 869

Virtualization 870

Exam Preparation Tasks 871

Review All Key Topics 871

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 871

Define Key Terms 871

Part VI Review 872

Part VII Final Preparation 877

Chapter 21 Final Review 879

Advice About the Exam Event 879

Learn the Question Types Using the Cisco Certification Exam Tutorial 879

Think About Your Time Budget Versus the Number of Questions 880

A Suggested Time-Check Method 881

Miscellaneous Pre-Exam Suggestions 881

Exam-Day Advice 882

Exam Review 882

Take Practice Exams 883

Practicing Taking the DCICT Exam 884

Advice on How to Answer Exam Questions 884

Taking Other Practice Exams 885

Find Knowledge Gaps Through Question Review 886

Practice Hands-On CLI Skills 889

Other Study Tasks 889

Final Thoughts 889

Part VIII Appendices 891

Appendix A Answers to the “Do I Know This Already?” Questions 893

Glossary 913

On the CD:

Appendix B Memory Tables

Appendix C Memory Tables Answer Key

Appendix D Study Planner

9781587144226 TOC 1/29/2015

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