CCNA Routing and Switching Exam Cram: Master the Fundamentals of Cisco Routers and Switches

Overview

Covers the installation, configuration, and operation of simple-routed LAN, WAN, and switched LAN networks. Discusses remote access and integrating dial-up connectivity with traditional, remote LAN to LAN access, as well as supporting the high levels of performance required for new applications such as Internet commerce and multimedia. Demonstrates ways to optimize WAN through Internet solutions that reduce bandwidth and WAN cost.
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Overview

Covers the installation, configuration, and operation of simple-routed LAN, WAN, and switched LAN networks. Discusses remote access and integrating dial-up connectivity with traditional, remote LAN to LAN access, as well as supporting the high levels of performance required for new applications such as Internet commerce and multimedia. Demonstrates ways to optimize WAN through Internet solutions that reduce bandwidth and WAN cost.
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The authors provide practical, to-the-point exam prep for Cisco's latest CCNA routing and switching exam (640-507). Walk through installing, configuring, and running routed LANs and WANs, as well as switched LAN networks; review Access Lists, Bandwidth on Demand (BOD), and Dial on Demand Routing (DDR); implement remote access; support high-performance e-commerce and multimedia applications; optimize your network; and much more.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781576106280
  • Publisher: Coriolis Group
  • Publication date: 6/28/2000
  • Series: Exam Cram 2 Series
  • Edition description: 2ND
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 400
  • Product dimensions: 6.06 (w) x 9.02 (h) x 1.02 (d)

Read an Excerpt

Chapter 1: Cisco Career Certification Exams

Exam taking is not something that most people anticipate eagerly, no matter how well prepared they are. In most cases, familiarity helps ameliorate test anxiety. In plain English, this means that you will probably not be as nervous when you take your fourth or fifth Cisco certification exam as when you take your first. Whether it is your first exam or your tenth, understanding the details of exam taking (how much time to spend on questions, the environment you will be in, and so on) and the exam software will help you to concentrate on the material, rather than on the setting. Likewise, mastering a few basic exam-taking skills should help you to recognize-and perhaps even outfox-some of the tricks and gotchas you are bound to find in some of the exam questions.

This chapter, besides explaining the exam environment and software, describes some proven exam-taking strategies that you can use to your advantage.

The Exam Situation

When you arrive at the exam testing center, you must sign in with an exam coordinator and show two forms of identification, one of which must be a photo ID. After you have signed in and your time slot arrives, you will be asked to deposit any books, bags, or other items you brought with you. Then, you will be escorted into a closed room. Typically, the room will be furnished with one to half a dozen computers, and each workstation will be separated from the others by dividers designed to keep you from seeing what is happening on someone else's computer. You will be furnished with a pen or pencil and a blank sheet of paper, or, in some cases, an erasable plastic sheet and an erasable felt-tippen. You are allowed to write any information you want on both sides of this sheet. Before the exam, memorize as much of the material that appears on the Cram Sheet (inside the front cover of this book) as you can and write that information on the blank sheet as soon as you are seated in front of the computer. You can refer to your rendition of the Cram Sheet anytime you like during the test, but you will have to surrender the sheet when you leave the room.

Most test rooms feature a wall with a large picture window. This permits the exam coordinator standing behind it to monitor the room, to prevent exam takers from talking to one another, and to observe anything out of the ordinary that might happen. The exam coordinator will have preloaded the appropriate Cisco certification 'on exam-for this book, that's Exam 640-507-and you will be per certification matted to start as soon as you are seated in front of the computer. All Cisco certification exams allow a certain maximum amount of time in which to complete the work (this time is indicated on the exam by an on-screen counter/ clock, so you can check the time remaining whenever you like). Exam 640-507 consists of 65 randomly selected questions. You may take up to 75 minutes to complete the exam. To pass, you are required to achieve a score of 822 or better on a scale of 300 to 1,000.

All Cisco certification exams are computer-generated and use a multiple-choice format. From time to time, you may be prompted to enter actual configuration commands as if you were at the command-line interface. It is important not to abbreviate the commands in anyway when this type of question is posed. Although this may sound quite simple, the questions are constructed not only to check your mastery of basic facts and figures about Cisco router configuration, but also to require you to evaluate one or more sets of circumstances or requirements. Often, you will be asked to give more than one answer to a question. Likewise, you might be asked to select the best or most effective solution to a problem from a range of choices, all of which are technically correct. Taking the exam is quite an adventure, and it involves real thinking. This book shows you what to expect and how to deal with the potential problems, puzzles, and predicaments.

Exam Layout and Design

Some exam questions require you to select a single answer, whereas others ask you to select multiple correct answers. The following multiple-choice question requires you to select a single correct answer. Following the question is a brief summary of each potential answer and why it is either right or wrong.

Answer b is correct. The destination network layer, or layer 3, address is the protocol-specific address to which this piece of data is to be delivered. The source network layer address is the originating host and plays no role in getting the information to the destination; therefore, answer a is incorrect. The source and destination MAC addresses are necessary for getting the data to the router or to the next hop address, but they are not used in pathing decisions; therefore, answers c and d are incorrect...

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Table of Contents

Introduction xxi
Self-Assessment xxxiii
Chapter 1 Cisco Career Certification Exams 1
The Exam Situation 2
Exam Layout and Design 3
Using Cisco's Exam Software Effectively 5
Exam-Taking Basics 5
Question-Handling Strategies 6
Mastering the Inner Game 7
Additional Resources 7
Chapter 2 Internetworking Concepts Overview 11
Networking Fundamentals 12
Transmission Media 12
Media Access Methods 13
Data Transmission Methods 14
Network Standards 14
The OSI Model 15
Problems Associated with the Expanding Network 16
Latency 17
Collisions 17
Broadcasts 18
Network Hardware Roles 18
Hubs 18
Bridges 19
Switches 20
Routers 21
Increasing Throughput in an Ethernet Network 22
Fast Ethernet 22
Full-Duplex and Half-Duplex Ethernet 23
Practice Questions 25
Need to Know More? 30
Chapter 3 The OSI Model: Upper Layers 31
The OSI Model 32
A Layered Network Model 32
Peer-to-Peer Communication 33
Encapsulation and De-Encapsulation 34
Application Layer 36
Presentation Layer 36
Session Layer 37
Transport Layer 38
Segment Upper-Layer Applications 38
Establish End-to-End Connections 38
Send Segments from One Host to Another 39
Ensure Reliable Data Transport 40
Practice Questions 41
Need to Know More? 47
Chapter 4 The OSI Model: Lower Layers 49
Network Layer 50
Path Determination 50
Routing Protocol Algorithms and Metrics 52
Packet Switching 53
Data Link Layer 54
LAN Protocols 55
WAN Protocols 56
LLC Sublayer 57
Media Access Control Sublayer 58
Framing 59
Physical Layer 59
Practice Questions 60
Need to Know More? 65
Chapter 5 Working with Cisco Devices 67
Cisco's Operating System 68
Starting a Cisco Device 68
User Interface 69
User Mode 69
Privileged Mode 69
Context-Sensitive Help 72
Command History 75
Editing Commands 75
Cisco Discovery Protocol 76
CDP Configuration 77
CDP Information 77
Testing Other Devices 78
Telnet 79
Ping 79
Traceroute 80
Show Interfaces 80
Practice Questions 82
Need to Know More? 87
Chapter 6 LAN Switching 89
Layer 2 Switching Technology 90
Discovering MAC Addresses 90
Filtering and Forwarding 90
Preventing Loops 91
Spanning Tree Protocol 91
Cisco Switching Methods 94
Cisco Switches 95
Switch Startup 95
Configuring the Switch 97
Default Configuration 97
Using the Menu-Driven Interface 98
Using the CLI 99
Using the Web Interface 100
Practice Questions 101
Need to Know More? 104
Chapter 7 Extending Switch Functionality 105
VLANs 106
Frame Tagging 107
Trunk Connections 108
ISL 108
VTP 109
Configuring VLANs 110
Enabling VTP 111
Enabling Trunking 112
Creating VLANs 112
Assigning VLAN to Ports 113
Practice Questions 115
Need to Know More? 119
Chapter 8 Router Configuration and Software Management 121
Router Elements 122
Router Modes 122
Router Components 123
Router Status 124
Managing Configuration Files 130
Types of Configuration Files 130
Displaying the Running and Startup Configuration 131
Configuring the Running and Startup Configuration Files 132
Backing Up and Restoring Configuration Files 132
Router Passwords 134
Enable password and enable secret Password Commands 134
Console and auxiliary Password Commands 135
Virtual terminal Password Command 135
Router Identification and Banner 136
Initial Configuration of a Cisco Router 137
Upgrading Cisco IOS Software 139
Back Up Current IOS 140
Upgrade IOS 141
Reloading The Router 143
Practice Questions 144
Need to Know More? 151
Chapter 9 TCP/IP 153
Background and History of TCP/IP 154
TCP/IP Stack and the OSI Model 154
Application Layer 155
Transport Layer 157
TCP Header Format 159
Network Layer 164
Network Interface Layer 167
Practice Questions 168
Need to Know More? 173
Chapter 10 IP Addressing and Subnetting 175
IP Addressing 176
Dotted Decimal Notation 176
Classful Addressing 178
Subnetting 181
Configure and Verify IP Addresses 189
IP Host Names 190
Verifying IP Addresses 190
Monitoring IP 192
Show IP Interface 192
Show IP Protocol 193
Show IP Route 194
Practice Questions 196
Need to Know More? 201
Chapter 11 Routing Protocols 203
Routing Activities 204
Routing Algorithms and Protocols 204
Goals of Routing Protocols 204
Types of Routing Protocols 207
Routing Metrics 209
Distance Vector vs. Link State 211
Distance Vector Overview 211
Link State Overview 212
Network Discovery 212
Topology Changes 214
Distance Vector Problems 214
Distance Vector Remedies 215
Link State Problems 217
Link State Remedies 217
Routing Protocol Configuration and Review 218
RIP 218
IGRP 220
Advanced Distance Vector Protocol 221
Integrated Multiprotocol Routing 221
Practice Questions 223
Need to Know More? 229
Chapter 12 Internet Package Exchange (IPX) 231
NetWare Protocol Suite 232
Upper Layer 232
Transport Layer 233
Network Layer 233
Data Link and Physical Layers 233
IPX Addressing 233
IPX Encapsulation 234
IPX Routing 235
IPX Service Advertisement 235
Configuring IPX 237
Monitoring IPX 238
Troubleshooting IPX 242
Practice Questions 244
Need to Know More? 249
Chapter 13 IP and IPX Access Lists 251
IP Access Lists 252
IP Standard Access Lists 253
IP Extended Access Lists 258
IPX Access Lists 262
IPX Standard Access Lists 263
IPX Extended Access Lists 264
Monitor and Verify Access Lists 266
Practice Questions 268
Need to Know More? 273
Chapter 14 Wide Area Networking: Point-to-Point 275
WAN Services 276
HDLC Overview 278
PPP Overview 278
PPP Physical Layer 279
PPP Connections 280
PPP Authentication 281
LCP Configuration Options 282
Configuring PPP 283
Monitoring PPP 284
Practice Questions 286
Need to Know More? 289
Chapter 15 Wide Area Networking: Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) 291
ISDN Overview 292
Basic Rate Interface and Primary Rate Interface 292
ISDN Protocols 292
Functions and Reference Points 293
DDR 295
Configuring ISDN 295
Monitoring ISDN 296
Practice Questions 301
Need to Know More? 303
Chapter 16 Wide Area Networking: Frame Relay 305
Frame Relay 306
Virtual Circuits 306
DLCI 307
LMI 308
Configuring Frame Relay 309
Nonbroadcast Multiaccess 309
Subinterfaces 310
Monitoring Frame Relay 311
Practice Questions 314
Need to Know More? 319
Chapter 17 Sample Test 321
Questions, Questions, Questions 322
Picking Proper Answers 322
Decoding Ambiguity 323
Working within the Framework 324
Deciding What to Memorize 324
Preparing for the Test 325
Taking the Test 325
Sample Test 326
Chapter 18 Answer Key 347
Glossary 361
Index 377
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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 25, 2002

    Promises and Delivers

    After reading another book first, I picked this up and was suprised to find how much detail they fit into a small, easy to comprehend book. Though lacking some information from a more thorough reference guide, it covered everything I found on the test very well. This book delivers what it promises. I passed with a 956.

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