CCNP Cisco Networking Academy Program: Semester Five Companion Guide, Advanced Routing

CCNP Cisco Networking Academy Program: Semester Five Companion Guide, Advanced Routing

by Mark McGregor, Cisco Systems, Inc. Staff
     
 

ISBN-10: 1587130114

ISBN-13: 9781587130113

Pub. Date: 01/28/2000

Publisher: Pearson Education

Authorized Companion for the Cisco Networking Academy Program

  • Comprehensive Lab Exercises at the end of each chapter lead you through important configuration concepts step by step to prepare you for CCNP certification and advanced study. Each Lab Exercise conforms to the standard lab pack that Cisco requires CCNP Academy sites to maintain.
  • Labs are

Overview

Authorized Companion for the Cisco Networking Academy Program

  • Comprehensive Lab Exercises at the end of each chapter lead you through important configuration concepts step by step to prepare you for CCNP certification and advanced study. Each Lab Exercise conforms to the standard lab pack that Cisco requires CCNP Academy sites to maintain.
  • Labs are optimally configured in a three-router pod to maximize your time in the lab and prevent wear and tear on the equipment.
  • Marginal Notes, Warnings, and Tech Notes highlight important information, alert you to configuration pitfalls, and offer background information on related topics and real-world implementation issues.
  • Authorized Companion for the Cisco Networking Academy Program
  • Chapter Summaries, Review Questions, and Lab Questions reinforce concepts and help you evaluate your understanding before moving on to new material.
  • Answers to Review Questions are found in the appendixes, along with a glossary of key terms used throughout the book.

CCNP Cisco Networking Academy Program: Semester Five Companion Guide, Advanced Routing completes your learning experience by providing instructional material that builds upon the most current Cisco Networking Academy Program online curriculum. This robust body of content provides you with the knowledge and skills you need to pass the CCNP Routing Exam and further your career opportunities in computer networking.

Author and Academy instructor Mark McGregor combines personal Cisco Networking Academy Program teaching experience with real-world applications to produce dynamic in-depth learning.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781587130113
Publisher:
Pearson Education
Publication date:
01/28/2000
Series:
Cisco Networking Academy Program Series
Pages:
555
Product dimensions:
8.18(w) x 9.57(h) x 1.15(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Chapter 1An Overview of Scalable Networks3
The Hierarchical Network Design Model3
The Three-Layer Network Design Model4
Router Function in the Hierarchy5
Key Characteristics of a Scalable Network11
Making the Network Reliable and Available12
Making the Network Responsive15
Making the Network Efficient18
Making the Network Adaptable20
Making the Network Accessible but Secure20
Summary21
Review Questions22
Key Terms24
Lab Exercises25
Lab 1-1Equal-Cost Load Balancing with RIP26
Lab 1-2Unequal-Cost Load Balancing with IGRP30
Chapter 2IP Addressing35
Classful Addressing36
Classes of IP Addresses37
Subnet Masking42
The Addressing Crisis46
Classless Interdomain Routing48
Route Aggregation and Supernetting48
Supernetting and Address Allocation50
IP Address Issues and Solutions52
IPv6 Address Format53
Variable-Length Subnet Masks55
An Overview of Route Summarization59
Route Flapping60
Private IP Addresses and NAT61
Discontiguous Subnets62
Network Address Translation63
Using IP Unnumbered74
DHCP and Easy IP75
Configuring IOS DHCP Server77
Easy IP79
Using Helper Addresses80
Summary84
Review Questions85
Key Terms87
Lab Exercises88
Lab 2-1Configuring VLSM and IP Unnumbered88
Lab 2-2Configuring NAT91
Lab 2-3Using DHCP and IP Helper Addresses95
Chapter 3Routing Overview101
Routing101
Configuring Static Routing104
Configuring Dynamic Routing106
Distance-Vector Routing Protocols112
Link-State Routing Protocols113
Hybrid Routing: EIGRP114
Default Routing114
Static Default Routes115
Floating Static Routes124
Convergence126
Route Calculation128
Multiple Routes to a Single Destination128
The Initiation of Routing Updates128
Routing Metrics129
Summary130
Review Questions131
Key Terms133
Lab Exercises134
Lab 3-1Migrating from RIP to EIGRP135
Lab 3-2Configuring IGRP137
Lab 3-3Configuring Default Routing with RIP and IGRP140
Lab 3-4Configuring Floating Static Routes144
Chapter 4OSPF149
OSPF Overview149
OSPF States150
OSPF Network Types154
The OSPF Hello Protocol155
The Steps in the Operation of OSPF159
Step 1Establish Router Adjacencies160
Step 2Elect a DR and a BDR161
Step 3Discover Routes162
Step 4Select Appropriate Routes163
Step 5Maintain Routing Information164
Configuring OSPF on Routers Within a Single Area165
Configuring an OSPF Process ID165
Configuring a Loopback Address for Stability168
Modifying OSPF Router Priority170
Modifying Cost171
Configuring Authentication172
Configuring OSPF Timers174
OSPF over Nonbroadcast Networks174
Full-Mesh Frame Relay177
Partial-Mesh Frame Relay178
Summary183
Review Questions185
Key Terms187
Lab Exercises188
Lab 4-1Configuring OSPF188
Lab 4-2Examining the DR/BDR Election Process192
Lab 4-3Configuring Point-to-Multipoint OSPF over Frame Relay195
Chapter 5Multiarea OSPF199
Creating Multiple OSPF Areas199
OSPF Router Types201
LSA Types202
OSPF Area Types204
Configuring OSPF Operation Across Multiple Areas207
Flooding LSUs to Multiple Areas208
Updating the Routing Table209
Using and Configuring OSPF Multiarea Components210
Configuring an ABR210
Configuring OSPF Route Summarization211
Using Stub and Totally Stubby Areas212
Stub and Totally Stubby Area Criteria213
Configuring Stub and Totally Stubby Areas214
Meeting the Backbone Area Requirements215
Configuring Virtual Links217
Using and Configuring NSSAs218
Configuring NSSA221
Verifying Multiarea OSPF Operation222
Summary222
Review Questions224
Key Terms226
Lab Exercises227
Lab 5-1Multiarea OSPF227
Lab 5-2Configuring a Stub Area and a Totally Stubby Area232
Lab 5-3Configuring an NSSA234
Lab 5-4Configuring Virtual Links237
Chapter 6EIGRP241
EIGRP Concepts242
EIGRP and IGRP Compatibility242
EIGRP Terminology246
EIGRP Support for Novell IPX246
EIGRP Support for AppleTalk247
EIGRP Technologies247
Neighbor Discovery and Recovery248
Reliable Transport Protocol248
DUAL Finite State Machine248
Protocol-Dependent Modules250
The EIGRP Data Structure250
The Neighbor Table250
The Routing Table252
The Topology Table253
EIGRP Packet Types259
Convergence Using EIGRP261
EIGRP Operation264
Building the Neighbor Table264
Discovering Routes264
Choosing Routes264
Maintaining Routes266
Configuring EIGRP267
Configuring EIGRP for IP Networks268
Configuring EIGRP for IPX Networks269
Controlling IPX RIP269
Controlling SAP Updates270
Summarizing EIGRP Routes for IP272
Verifying EIGRP Operation274
Summary275
Review Questions277
Key Terms279
Lab Exercises279
Lab 6-1Configuring EIGRP with IGRP280
Lab 6-2Configuring EIGRP Fault Tolerance283
Lab 6-3Configuring EIGRP Summarization285
Chapter 7Route Optimization291
Controlling Routing Update Traffic291
Passive Interfaces292
Filtering Routing Updates with distribute-list294
Policy Routing298
Using Multiple Routing Protocols300
Administrative Distance303
Redistribution Guidelines306
Configuring Redistribution307
An Example of RIP and OSPF Distribution315
Phase 1Configuring RIP315
Phase 2Adding OSPF to the Core of a RIP Network316
Phase 3Adding OSPF Areas318
Summary320
Review Questions321
Key Terms323
Lab Exercises323
Lab 7-1Configuring Distribute Lists and Passive Interfaces324
Lab 7-2Configuring Route Maps329
Lab 7-3Redistributing RIP and OSPF332
Chapter 8BGP337
Autonomous Systems337
Single-Homed Autonomous Systems339
Multihomed Nontransit Autonomous Systems340
Multihomed Transit Autonomous Systems341
Basic BGP Operation342
BGP Neighbor Negotiation344
The BGP FSM344
The BGP Open Message347
The BGP Notification Message348
The BGP Keepalive Message350
The BGP Update Message350
Basic BGP Configuration353
Verifying BGP Operation358
Peering361
Synchronization Within an AS362
The BGP Routing Process364
The BGP Routing Process Model364
Implementing BGP Routing Policy366
Controlling BGP Routing with Attributes367
The BGP Decision Process386
Summary387
Review Questions388
Key Terms390
Lab Exercises390
Lab 8-1Configuring BGP391
Lab 8-2Configuring IBGP and EBGP Sessions394
Lab 8-3Using the AS_PATH Attribute399
Lab 8-4Using the LOCAL_PREF and MED Attributes402
Chapter 9Scaling BGP407
Route Reflectors407
BGP Route Filtering411
Using Filters to Implement Routing Policy411
Using distribute-list to Filter BGP Routes413
The ip prefix-list Command415
The COMMUNITIES Attribute419
Peer Groups423
Redundancy, Symmetry, and Load Balancing426
Redundancy426
Symmetry429
Load Balancing430
Redundancy, Symmetry, and Load Balancing in a Single-Homed AS430
Multihomed Connections431
BGP Redistribution434
Summary437
Review Questions439
Key Terms441
Lab Exercises441
Lab 9-1BGP Route Reflectors and Route Filters442
Lab 9-2The BGP COMMUNITIES Attribute445
Lab 9-3BGP Peer Groups447
Chapter 10Security451
Standard and Extended Access List Syntax451
Named Access List Syntax453
Time-Based Extended Access List Syntax454
Configuring Access List Descriptions with the remark Command456
Syntax for Applying Access Lists457
Using Access Lists to Secure Router Access457
Dynamic Access Lists: Lock-and-Key459
Configuring Lock-and-Key460
Using Extended Access Lists with the established Argument463
Reflexive Access Lists465
How Reflexive Access Lists Work465
Restrictions on Using Reflexive Access Lists467
Configuring Reflexive Access Lists467
Context-Based Access Control470
CBAC Operation471
When and Where to Configure CBAC473
Defining CBAC Inspection Rules477
Applying the Inspection Rule to an Interface481
Verifying CBAC483
A CBAC Configuration Example483
Alternatives to Access Lists489
Summary490
Review Questions492
Key Terms494
Lab Exercises495
Lab 10-1Lock-and-Key496
Lab 10-2Reflexive Access Lists498
Lab 10-3CBACs500
Appendix AAnswers to Review Questions505
Appendix BAnswers to Lab Questions511
Appendix CAdtran Atlas 550 Configuration521
Glossary
Index

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