Celluloid Activist: The Life and Times of Vito Russo

Overview

Celluloid Activist is the biography of gay-rights giant Vito Russo, the man who wrote The Celluloid Closet: Homosexuality in the Movies, commonly regarded as the foundational text of gay and lesbian film studies and one of the first to be widely read.
            But Russo was much more than a pioneering journalist and author. A founding member of the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD) and cofounder of the ...

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Celluloid Activist: The Life and Times of Vito Russo

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Overview

Celluloid Activist is the biography of gay-rights giant Vito Russo, the man who wrote The Celluloid Closet: Homosexuality in the Movies, commonly regarded as the foundational text of gay and lesbian film studies and one of the first to be widely read.
            But Russo was much more than a pioneering journalist and author. A founding member of the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD) and cofounder of the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP), Russo lived at the center of the most important gay cultural turning points in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. His life as a cultural Zelig intersects a crucial period of social change, and in some ways his story becomes the story of a developing gay revolution in America. A frequent participant at “zaps” and an organizer of Gay Activists Alliance (GAA) cabarets and dances—which gave the New York gay and lesbian community its first social alternative to Mafia-owned bars—Russo made his most enduring contribution to the GAA with his marshaling of “Movie Nights,” the forerunners to his worldwide Celluloid Closet lecture tours that gave gay audiences their first community forum for the dissection of gay imagery in mainstream film.
            Biographer Michael Schiavi unravels Vito Russo’s fascinating life story, from his childhood in East Harlem to his own heartbreaking experiences with HIV/AIDS. Drawing on archival materials, unpublished letters and journals, and more than two hundred interviews, including conversations with a range of Russo’s friends and family from brother Charlie Russo to comedian Lily Tomlin to pioneering activist and playwright Larry Kramer, Celluloid Activistprovides an unprecedented portrait of a man who defined gay-rights and AIDS activism.

Best Special Interest Books, selected by the American Association of School Librarians

Best Books for General Audiences, selected by the Public Library Reviewers

Finalist, Gay Memoir/Biography, Lambda Literary Awards

Finalist, Over the Rainbow Selection, American Library Association

 “Schiavi is thorough and compelling both in bringing this complex character to life and in delineating the people and events that shaped him. Highly Recommended.”—CHOICE

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“My dear friend, Vito Russo, was a darling and a daring man; more important, he was a giant in the fields of gay and AIDS activism. In Celluloid Activist, Michael Schiavi recounts Vito’s full life, starting with a New York childhood that Martin Scorsese might have written, through Vito’s penning of the indispensable Celluloid Closet, the first major study of gays and lesbians in film, and finally through Vito’s tireless work as an AIDS activist. All this, plus a look at Vito up a tree (literally) at the Stonewall Riots! Celluloid Activist is a long-overdue examination of a man who helped put gay rights on the map. In the words of Edith Ann, one of Vito’s other good buddies, ‘And that's the truth-h-h-h!’”—Lily Tomlin

“This important book brings both an era and its sensibilities to life by engagingly telling the story of a major gay civil rights activist. Russo’s contribution to the movement for gay equality through practically inventing the field of LGBT film history is enormous. Readers will find themselves inspired by Russo’s unflagging courage, passion, and downright tenacity.”—David Carter, author of Stonewall: The Riots That Sparked the Gay Revolution

“My dear friend, Vito Russo, was a darling and a daring man; more importantly, he was a giant in the fields of gay and AIDS activism.  In Celluloid Activist, Michael Schiavi recounts Vito's full life, starting with a New York childhood that Martin Scorsese might have written, through Vito’s penning of the indispensable Celluloid Closet, the first major study of gays and lesbians in film, and finally through Vito’s tireless work as an AIDS activist.  All this, plus a look at Vito up a tree (literally) at the Stonewall Riots!  Celluloid Activist is a long-overdue examination of a man who helped put gay rights on the map.  In the words of Edith Ann, one of Vito's other good buddies, ‘And that's the truth-h-h-h!’”—Lily Tomlin

“A dynamic, emotional, and fascinating look at the life of the spellbinding gay activist Vito Russo.”—Craig Zadan, producer of Chicago and Hairspray

“Schiavi demonstrates a knack for digging deep into his subject matter. His immersion into the heart, soul, and benevolent machinations of Russo’s perseverant fight for homosexual justice is beautifully on display in this comprehensive biography and illuminating time capsule that will hopefully garner Vito Russo a more visible place in the gay rights movement.”—Bay Area Reporter

“In Celluloid Activist, Vito Russo has the biography he deserves, one that matches his energy level.”—South Florida Gay News

Celluloid Activist realigns Russo’s legacy, positioning his politics and film scholarship on twin pedestals. It is nothing if not thorough; Schiavi conducted almost 200 interviews. Celluloid Activist has so many direct quotes from Russo, his friends and family that it reads like a memoir. It’s leavened with details both novelistic and cinematic, and could make a compelling film. You can almost hear Vito casting his own biopic, giggling as he ponders which movie star hunk should play the funny-serious little boy from East Harlem.”—San Francisco Chronicle

Celluloid Activist: The Life and Times of Vito Russo, Michael Schiavi’s new biography of the noted LGBT activist and film historian, is an important addition to queer and film scholarship. It is also one of the most complex and compelling historical narratives of gay male life and culture in the later decades of the twentieth century. . . . Schiavi beautifully maps out Russo’s growth as a political gay man—a path that was neither as obvious or clear-cut as it mat at first appear—and the book seamlessly demonstrates how the growth of gay male culture during this time was inextricably intertwined with the emergence of series of overlapping, sometimes conflicting, LGBT political movements.”—Michael Bronski, Cineaste

Kirkus Reviews

Biography of a gay-rights champion and author of the queer-cinema ur-textThe Celluloid Closet (1981).

In this first book, Schiavi (English/New York Institute of Technology) looks at the life of Vito Russo (1946–1990), best known for co-founding the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation Foundation (GLAAD) and for the aforementioned groundbreaking book. Russo's name isn't as well known as his major contributions to gay rights in the 1970s and '80s, but Schiavi illuminates his short but productive life through access to Russo's copious journals and numerous accomplishments—all without much reliance on the perspectives of anyone other than seemingly Russo himself.Although structured and written like a boilerplate academic study, the book is a total immersion into Russo's daily life: his struggles growing up in dangerous 1960s East Harlem and then in culturally barren suburban New Jersey, and his developing interest in classic Hollywood film, which also helped shape his identity as a gay male in a largely homophobic American mainstream society.The narrative focuses particularly on Russo's unglamorous persistence as a writer and lecturer, toiling for low pay for publications such as London'sGay News and New York City publications like theAdvocate and Christopher Street, but not finding much mainstream acceptance until tragically late in his career. Even the publication ofThe Celluloid Closetgot him more publicity and recognition than publishing royalties. Schiavi's chapters the years leading up to Russo's death at age 44 from AIDS-related complications are also affecting but not always easy to digest. The author provides a sad reminder of the full fury of the beginning of the AIDS epidemic, which struck so suddenly and took so many promising lives with it.

Conventionally academic but complex portrait of an undeservedly obscure gay author and activist.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780299282301
  • Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press
  • Publication date: 5/10/2011
  • Edition description: 1
  • Pages: 320
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Michael Schiavi is associate professor of English and coordinator of English as a second language at New York Institute of Technology’s Manhattan campus. His articles have appeared in Cinema Journal, Theatre Journal, Modern Drama, and College Literature.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments        

List of Illustrations   

Introduction        

1. Birth of a New Yorker        

2. Jersey Boy        

3. Return of the Native        

4. Birth of an Activist        

5. "Professional Movement Flash and Trash"        

6. Building the Closet        

7. "A Time of Major Change"        

8. The Activist in Wartime        

Afterword        

Notes        

List of Interviews     

Bibliography        

Index   

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Sort by: Showing all of 2 Customer Reviews
  • Posted May 22, 2011

    more from this reviewer

    Great profile of a one-of-a-kind activist and teacher

    Vito Russo (1946-1990) was best known as the film historian behind the "The Celluloid Closet," first a series of lectures about gay and lesbian portrayals in classic films, which later became a book of the same name in 1981 (and revised in 1987). It would also be made into a film, released five years after his death.

    This biography attempts to tell the story of Russo's life, from his childhood in East Harlem, how his fascination with film developed over the years, his realization that he was gay, and keen sense of nontraditional gender roles in popular (and obscure) films. Russo was also a dedicated activist, who was instrumental in the early years of the Gay Activist Alliance, Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation, and eventually the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP), and, as such, his story also provides a concise overview of such efforts for the twenty year period starting with the 1969 Stonewall rebellion. It talks of his family, his friends (which included several celebrities), as well as assorted lovers, who unfortunately had to take a back seat to his primary romance with films and dedication to human rights. He would continue to be as active as he possibly could in his final years, while suffering complications from HIV.

    Russo's life was so full and complex that, even at almost 300 pages, his biographer had a difficult time fitting in all relevant events and accomplishments. As such, the book reads a bit dry and clinical at times, including the ending (the day of his death) which seems a bit abrupt. (The author does include an Afterward that provides some follow-up information that provides a bit of closure.) However, he does still manage to convey the dedication, conviction and humor of the man. To those who knew of Russo and his work, this is a must-read, though I recommend it to everyone, to learn of a man who was truly one of a kind. Five stars out of five.

    - Bob Lind, Echo Magazine

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  • Posted March 30, 2011

    Brilliant and Timely

    A great read about a man who gave was responsible for changing the image of our GBLA Friends in the Media. As the founding member of GLAAD (Ricky Martin just received the VITO RUSSO AWARD from GLAAD) Vito changed our image of Gay and Lesbian men and women from villains, victims and violent personalities to what we all know to be true; they are our children, sisters, brothers, friends and neighbors. Vito then tackles the AIDS Crisis with the same intelligent fervor. Sometimes we forget that less than 35 years ago you could be arrested, fired and denied basic civil rights in this country for your sexuality. The incredible brave sould that this book is written about was responsible for much of the change.

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