Cengage Advantage Books: Reason and Religions: Philosophy Looks at the World's Religious Beliefs

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Edited by Steven M. Cahn, REASONS AND RELIGIONS, a comprehensive, yet concise and affordable anthology, offers full coverage of historical and contemporary issues in the Philosophy of Religion. In addition to the classic selections one expects to find in such an anthology, Dr. Cahn has thoughtfully chosen readings from a variety of sources to fully expose you to multiple viewpoints on the most important debates in Philosophy of Religion. Whether you are investigating these topics from the traditional perspective, or you're examining these issues from the perspective of non-theistic traditions, the book's breadth of readings engages you in some of humanity's most fundamental questions in an enlightening manner.

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Editorial Reviews

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"Really fills a need."

"The Table of Contents seems to me to be extremely- really optimally- good. It has the right people addressing the right topics. This looks very good indeed."

"An anthology in philosophy of religion that takes seriously the perspectives of religions other than Christianity and Judaism, and that makes a serious attempt to probe the meaning and implications of some central claims and concepts in those religions, while introducing some of the best classical and contemporary literature in the field."

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Steven M. Cahn is one of America's most distinguished teachers of philosophy. He has authored or edited more than forty books as well as numerous articles, most in the fields of metaphysics, philosophy of religion, ethics, political philosophy, and philosophy of education. His PhD is from Columbia and he teaches at the Graduate Center of CUNY. His current research interests include: Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Education, Academic Ethics, and Political Philosophy.

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Table of Contents

Preface PART I: INTRODUCTION. 1. William P. Alston, "What Is Religion?" PART II: THE DIVINE ATTRIBUTES. A. OMNIPOTENCE. 2. George Mavrodes, "Some Puzzles Concerning Omnipotence". 3. Harry G. Frankfurt, "The Logic of Omnipotence". B. TIMELESSNESS. 4. Paul Helm, "God Eternal". 5. Nicholas Wolterstorff, "God Everlasting". C. OMNISCIENCE. 6. Nelson Pike, "Divine Omniscience and Voluntary Action". 7. William L. Rowe, "Power Over the Past". 8. Steven M. Cahn, "Does God Know the Future?" D. SUPREME GOODNESS. 9. James Rachels, "God and Morality". 10. Robert M. Adams, "A Modified Divine Command Theory". 11. Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski, "God's Virtues". E. PERFECTION. 12. William Rowe, "Divine Perfection and Freedom". 13. Anne Minas, "God and Forgiveness". PART III: ARGUMENTS FOR GOD'S EXISTENCE. A. THE ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT. 14. Anselm and Gaunilo, "The Ontological Argument". 15. Immanuel Kant, "The Ontological Argument: A Critique". 16. William L. Rowe, "The Ontological Argument: An Assessment". B. THE COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT. 17. Thomas Aquinas, "The Five Ways". 18. Michael Martin, "The Cosmological Argument: A Critique". 19. Richard Taylor, "The Cosmological Argument". 20. C. B. Martin, "A Necessary Being?" 21. William L. Rowe, "The Kalam Cosmological Argument". C. THE TELEOLOGICAL ARGUMENT. 22. William Paley, "The Evidence of Design". 23. David Hume, "Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (parts II, V-VIII)". 24. Robert Hambourger, "The Argument from Design". 25. Nicholas Everitt, "Darwin and Design". D. THE MORAL ARGUMENT. 26. John Henry Newman, "Conscience". 27. J. L. Mackie, "Newman on Conscience: A Critique". PART IV: THE PROBLEM OF EVIL. A. GOD AND EVIL. 28. David Hume, "Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (parts X-XI)". 29. William L. Rowe, "The Logical Problem of Evil". 30 John H. Hick, "The Problem of Evil". 31. Steven M. Cahn, "The Problem of Goodness". 32. William L. Rowe, "The Problem of Evil and Some Varieties of Atheism". 33. Marilyn McCord Adams, "Christianity and Horrendous Evils". 34. Eleonore Stump, "The Problem of Evil and the Desires of the Heart". B. EVIL FORCES. 35. Alvin Plantinga, "Satan". 36. Jenny Rose, "The Cosmic Dualism of Zoroastrianism". C. KARMA, REBIRTH, AND EVIL. 37. Raynor Johnson, "Karma and Rebirth". 38. Whitley R. P. Kaufinan, "Karma, Rebirth, and the Problem of Evil". PART V: AVENUES TO THE DIVINE. A. PRAYER. 39. Eleonore Stump, "Petitionary Prayer". 40. James Rachels, "The Concept of Worship". B. MIRACLES. 41. David Hume, "On Miracles". 42. Richard Swinburne, "Of Miracles". C. MYSTICISM. 43. William James. "Mysticism". 44. William P. Alston, "Perceiving God". 45. William L. Rowe, "Perceiving God: A Critique". 46. Christopher W. Gowans, "Buddhist Meditation". PART VI: DESCRIBING THE DIVINE. A. WHEN WORDS FAIL. 47. Angela of Foligno, "Beyond Words". 48. Huston Smith, "Hinduism and God". 49. Ray Billington, "The Tao". 50. Twelve Zen Stories. 51. Huston Smith, "Zen Buddhism". B. NEGATION. 52. Moses Maimonides, "Negative Attributes". 53. Levi Gersonides, "Positive Attributes". C. ANALOGY. 54. Thomas Aquinas, "The Use of Analogy". 55. F. C. Copleston, "The Inadequacy of Analogy". D. METAPHOR. 56. Janet Martin Soskice, "Experience and Metaphor". 57. Paul Edwards, "Metaphor Without Meaning". PART VII: BELIEF WITHOUT PROOF. A. BELIEF AS STRATEGIC. 58. Blaise Pascal, "The Wager". 59. Simon Blackburn, "Pascal's Wager: A Critique". 60. Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski, "Pascal's Wager: An Assessment". 61. W. K. Clifford, "The Ethics of Belief". 62. William James, "The Will to Believe". 63. Nicholas Everett, "The Will to Believe: A Critique". B. BELIEF AS BASIC. 64. Alvin Plantinga, "Belief Without Argument". 65. Michael Martin, "Belief Without Argument: A Critique". C. BELIEF AS COMMITMENT. 66. Richard Taylor, "Faith". 67. Michael Scriven, "Faith and Reason". D. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF BELIEF. 68. Antony Flew, R. M. Hare, and Basil Mitchell, "Theology and Falsification". 69. Robert McKim, "The Hiddenness of God". PART VIII: BEYOND DEATH. A. HEAVEN AND HELL. 70. Colleen McDannell and Bernhard Lang, "Two Christian Concepts of Heaven". 71. Jonathan Edwards, "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God". 72. Ninian Smart, "Islam and the Last Judgment". 73. Marilyn McCord Adams, "The Problem of Hell". 74. Stephen T. Davis, "Whom Does God Consign to Hell?" 75. George N. Schlesinger, "Divine Justice". 76. Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski, "Religious Luck". B. RESURRECTION. 77. Resurrection - John H. Hick. 78. Terence Penelhum, "Life After Death". 79. Grace M. Jantzen, "Do We Need Immortality?" C. REINCARNATION. 80. Joel Kupperman, "Hinduism and the Self". 81. Thomas P. Kasulis, "The Buddhist Concept of Self". 82. Jeffery D Long, "The Jain Path". D. NIRVANA. 83. Walpola Rahula, "What the Buddha Taught". 84. Christopher W. Gowans, "The Cessation of Suffering". PART IX: RELIGIOUS PLURALISM. 85. Philip L. Quinn and Kevin Meeker, "The Challenge of Religious Diversity". 86. Elizabeth Secord Anderson, "Rejecting Religions". 87. Alvin Plantinga, "A Defense of Religious Exc1usivism". 88. John H. Hick, "Religious Pluralism and Salvation". 89. Linda Trinkous Zagzebski, "The Problem of Religious Diversity". 90. Robert McKim, "On Religious Diversity". PART X: NON-SUPERNATURAL RELIGION. 91. Steven M. Cahn, "Religion Reconsidered". 92. Herbert Fingarette, "Confucius: The Secular as Sacred". 93. Xunzi, "A Discussion of Heaven". 94. George Santayana, "Reason in Religion". 95. Mordecai M. Kaplan, "Judaism Without Supernaturalism". 96. John A. T. Robinson, "Honest to God". 97. Charles Frankel, "Religion—Within Reason".

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