A Century of Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries That Changed Science and the World / Edition 2

A Century of Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries That Changed Science and the World / Edition 2

by Laura Garwin
     
 

From the description of the first fossil link between humans and apes in 1925 to the identification of the first planet outside our solar system in 1995 and the announcement of the birth of Dolly, the cloned sheep, in 1997, many of the most important scientific discoveries of the twentieth century were first reported in the journal Nature. A Century of NatureSee more details below

Overview

From the description of the first fossil link between humans and apes in 1925 to the identification of the first planet outside our solar system in 1995 and the announcement of the birth of Dolly, the cloned sheep, in 1997, many of the most important scientific discoveries of the twentieth century were first reported in the journal Nature. A Century of Nature brings together in one volume Nature's greatest hits--reproductions of twenty-one seminal contributions that changed science and the world. Some of these articles, such as James Chadwick's report on the discovery of the neutron, opened up entirely new fields of study. Others, like Watson and Crick's article describing the double-helix shape of DNA, provided a crucial foundation for future research. But all of them--whether on the discovery of nuclear fission, the startling observation of the hole in the ozone layer, or the first complete genome sequence of an organism--pioneered new ways of thinking and profoundly influenced society at large. Even more exciting than these groundbreaking articles are the specially written essays that accompany them. Authored by leading scientists--including four Nobel laureates--with intimate intellectual connections to the discoveries, they provide crucial historical context for each article, explain its insights in graceful, accessible prose, and celebrate the serendipity of discovery and the rewards of searching for needles in haystacks. Offering a fascinating firsthand chronicle of some of the most decisive moments in twentieth-century science, A Century of Nature will interest anyone who wants to relive the thrill (and sometimes frustration) of scientific discovery.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780226284156
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Publication date:
12/28/2003
Edition description:
1
Pages:
378
Sales rank:
1,522,323
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.80(d)

Meet the Author


Laura Garwin is the research director of the Bauer Center for Genomics Research at Harvard University. She was North American editor for Nature from 1996 to 2001.

Tim Lincoln is the News and Views editor of Nature.

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
Chronology of twentieth-century science
1Raymond Dart and our African origins1
1925 / Australopithecus africanus: the man-ape of South Africa
2Electrons make waves21
1927 / The scattering of electrons by a single crystal of nickel
3The atom completed37
1932 / Possible existence of a neutron
4Superfluidity: a new state of matter49
1938 / Viscosity of liquid helium below the [lambda]-point
5From nuclear physics to nuclear weapons61
1939 / Disintegration of uranium by neutrons: a new type of nuclear reaction
6The double helix73
1953 / A structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid
7Dawn of structural biology85
1958 / A three-dimensional model of the myoglobin molecule obtained by X-ray analysis
8The first laser105
1960 / Stimulated optical radiation in ruby
9The quasar enigma115
1963 / 3C 273: a star-like object with large red-shift
10Seafloor magnetism and drifting continents129
1963 / Magnetic anomalies over oceanic ridges
11Stellar timekeepers145
1968 / Observation of a rapidly pulsating radio source
12Viruses reverse the genetic flow165
1970 / RNA-dependent DNA polymerase in virions of RNA tumour viruses
RNA-dependent DNA polymerase in virions of Rous sarcoma virus
13Images of body and brain187
1973 / Image formation by induced local interactions: examples employing nuclear magnetic resonance
14Journey to the T cell201
1974 / Restriction of in vitro T cell-mediated cytotoxicity in lymphocytic choriomeningitis within a syngeneic or semiallogeneic system
15Molecular switches for "animal electricity"215
1976 / Single-channel currents recorded from membrane of denervated frog muscle fibres
16DNA sequencing: the silent revolution231
1977 / Nucleotide sequence of bacteriophage [Phi]X174 DNA
17The blueprint of animals revealed259
1980 / Mutations affecting segment number and polarity in Drosophila
18A hole in Earth's shield281
1985 / Large losses of total ozone in Antarctica reveal seasonal ClO[subscript x]/NO[subscript x] interaction
19Carbon cages and carbon tubes299
1985 / C[subscript 60]: buckminsterfullerene
20Seeking other solar systems313
1995 / A Jupiter-mass companion to a solar-type star
21Dolly!333
1997 / Viable offspring derived from fetal and adult mammalian cells
Contributors351
Index355

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