Paul Cezanne was born in 1839 in Aix-en-Provence, France. After studying law for several years, he left Aix in 1861, along with his friend Emile Zola, in order to pursue life as an artist in Paris. Cezanne's paintings were first shown in the innaugural exhibition of the Salon des Refuses in 1863, which displayed works not accepted by the jury of the official Paris Salon. The Salon subsequently rejected Cezanne's submissions every year from 1864 to 1869. Although many early twentieth-century Modernists considered him the founder of Modern paintingPicasso famously called him "the father of us all"Cezanne exhibited little in his lifetime, and returned to Provence, where he worked in increasing artistic isolation until his death in 1906.
Tobia Bezzola is Curator at the Kunsthaus Zurich.