Challenges to The Second Law of Thermodynamics: Theory and Experiment / Edition 1

Challenges to The Second Law of Thermodynamics: Theory and Experiment / Edition 1

by Vladislav Capek, Daniel Sheehan
     
 

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ISBN-10: 904816768X

ISBN-13: 9789048167685

Pub. Date: 12/16/2010

Publisher: Springer Netherlands

The second law of thermodynamics is considered one of the central laws of science, engineering and technology. For over a century it has been assumed to be inviolable by the scientific community. Over the last 10-20 years, however, more than two dozen challenges to it have appeared in the physical literature - more than during any other period in its 150-year

Overview

The second law of thermodynamics is considered one of the central laws of science, engineering and technology. For over a century it has been assumed to be inviolable by the scientific community. Over the last 10-20 years, however, more than two dozen challenges to it have appeared in the physical literature - more than during any other period in its 150-year history. The number and variety of these represent a cogent threat to its absolute status. This is the first book to document and critique these modern challenges. Written by two leading exponents of this rapidly emerging field, it covers the theoretical and experimental aspects of principal challenges. In addition, unresolved foundational issues concerning entropy and the second law are explored. This book should be of interest to anyone whose work or research is touched by the second law.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9789048167685
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Publication date:
12/16/2010
Series:
Fundamental Theories of Physics Series, #146
Edition description:
Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 2005
Pages:
356
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.45(h) x 0.03(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgements

1: Entropy and the Second Law
1.1 Early Thermodynamics
1.2 The Second Law: Twenty-One Formulations
1.3 Entropy: Twenty-One Varieties
1.4 Nonequilibrium Entropy
1.5 Entropy and the Second Law: Discussion
1.6 Zeroth and Third Laws of Thermodynamics
References

2: Challenges (1870-1980)
2.1 Maxwell’s Demon and Other Victorian Devils
2.2 Exorcising Demons
2.3 Inviolability Arguments
2.4 Candidate Second Law Challenges
References

3: Modern Quantum Challenges: Theory
3.1 Prolegomenon
3.2 Thermodynamic Limit and Weak Coupling
3.3 Beyond Weak Coupling: Quantum Correlations
3.4 Allahverdyan and Nieuwenhuizen Theorem
3.5 Scaling and Beyond
3.6 Quantum Kinetic and Non-Kinetic Models
3.7 Disputed Quantum Models
3.8 Kinetics in the DC Limit
3.9 Theoretical Summary
References
4: Low-Temperature Experiments and Proposals
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Superconductivity
4.3 Keefe CMCE Engine
4.4 Nikulov Inhomogeneous Loop
4.5 Bose-Einstein Condensation and the Second Law
4.6 Quantum Coherence and Entanglement
References

5: Modern Classical Challenges
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Gordon Membrane Models
5.3 Denur Challenges
5.4 Crosignani-Di Porto Adiabatic Piston
5.5 Trupp Electrocaloric Cycle
5.6 Liboff Tri-Channel
5.7 Thermodynamic Gas Cycles
References

6: Gravitational Challenges
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Asymmetric Gravitator Model
6.3 Loschmidt Gravito-Thermal Effect
References
7: Chemical Nonequilibrium Steady States
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Chemical Paradox and Detailed Balance
7.3 Pressure Gradients and Reactions Rates
7.4 Numerical Simulations
7.5 Laboratory Experiments
7.6 Discussion and Outlook
References 8: Plasma Paradoxes
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Plasma I System
8.3 Plasma II System
8.4 Jones andCruden Criticisms
References
9: MEMS/NEMS Devices
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Thermal Capacitors
9.3 Linear Electrostatic Motor (LEM)
9.4 Hammer-Anvil Model
9.5 Experimental Prospects
References

10: Special Topics
10.1 Rubrics for Classical Challenges
10.2 Thermosynthetic Life
10.3 Physical Eschatology
10.4 The Second Law Mystique
References
Color Plates
Index

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