Challenging Behavior in Young Children: Understanding, Preventing, and Responding Effectively / Edition 1

Challenging Behavior in Young Children: Understanding, Preventing, and Responding Effectively / Edition 1

by Barbara Kaiser, Judy Sklar Rasminsky, Judy Rasminsky, Judy Sklar Rasminsky

ISBN-10: 0205342264

ISBN-13: 9780205342266

Pub. Date: 10/17/2002

Publisher: Pearson

Praise for Challenging Behavior in Young Children

“What you’ll learn from reading this book will have a significant positive effect on you as a teacher and on the hundreds of children you will eventually touch.”

From the preface by Sue Bredekamp, author of Developmentally Appropriate Practice in Early


Praise for Challenging Behavior in Young Children

“What you’ll learn from reading this book will have a significant positive effect on you as a teacher and on the hundreds of children you will eventually touch.”

From the preface by Sue Bredekamp, author of Developmentally Appropriate Practice in Early Childhood Programs

“Full of good sense and good ideas. This book is clear, practical, sympathetic, and wise.”

Lawrence Hartmann, M.D., Past President, American Psychiatric Association

“A powerful resource for understanding and working in a caring and respectful way with the neediest children.”

Diane Levin, Wheelock College, author of Teaching Young Children in Violent Times

“I’m very enthusiastic about this book. It’s interesting, reader friendly, and has a solid research foundation. Best of all, the information is extremely useful!”

Janet Gonzalez-Mena,author of The Young Child in the Family and the Community

Challenging Behavior in Young Children presents in-depth background information and strategies to help preservice and practicing teachers understand, prevent, and address the behavior problems found so often in today’s primary schools and child care centers. The evidence-based techniques provided here–brought to life in vignettes drawn from Barbara Kaiser’s 30 years in the field–work with the most difficult behaviors and benefit every child in the classroom.

In this second edition, the authors of the best-selling book Meeting the Challenge offer new chapters on inclusion and relationships, as well as a totally revised chapter on positive behavior support and functional assessment, strong chapters on resilience, culture, and working with families, and updated material on the brain and bullying. The result is a comprehensive and indispensable resource for everyone who works with young children, from child care through grade 3.

Product Details

Publication date:
Edition description:
Older Edition
Product dimensions:
7.48(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.52(d)

Table of Contents

1What Is Challenging Behavior?9
Isn't challenging behavior sometimes appropriate for very young children?10
Do children outgrow challenging behavior?11
What is aggression?13
Does culture play a role in aggressive behavior?17
What do you think?18
Suggested reading19
2Risk Factors22
What causes challenging behavior?23
Biological Risk Factors23
Attention deficit disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder28
Complications of pregnancy and birth29
Substance abuse during pregnancy30
Language and cognition disorders32
Environmental Risk Factors35
Family factors and parenting style35
Poverty and the conditions surrounding it37
Exposure to violence38
Turbulent times40
Violent media42
Child care43
Understanding risk44
What do you think?45
Suggested reading45
3Protective Factors50
Who is the resilient child?51
What makes a resilient child bounce back?52
How does the family contribute to resilience?53
What is the community's role in resilience?54
What do you think?56
Suggested reading56
4Behavior and the Brain58
How do babies' brains develop?59
How does experience spur nerve cells to connect?60
Is there a critical period for social or emotional behavior?61
What does caregiving have to do with it?62
What about neurotransmitters?65
Which parts of the brain are involved in aggressive behavior?66
What does all this mean?68
What do you think?68
Suggested reading68
5Understanding Yourself70
The caring connection70
"Who are you?" said the caterpillar71
What influences the way you relate to a child with challenging behavior?72
What is self-reflection?74
How do you reflect?74
When do you reflect?75
What do you reflect about?76
Are there any techniques to help you reflect?76
What do you think?77
Suggested reading77
6Understanding the Child's Family and Culture79
Collaborating with Families79
Getting to know you80
Opening the Culture Door82
What is culture?82
What does culture have to do with identity?83
Are cultures really so different?85
How can you see your culture?87
The culture of child care and school88
What happens when children move from one culture to another?90
How does culture influence behavior?91
Why all this matters100
What do you think?101
Suggested reading101
7Preventing Challenging Behavior with the Right Physical Space and Program105
How does prevention work?106
Meeting children's needs107
We're all the same, yet we're all different107
The Physical Space109
Wide open spaces110
What will go inside each area?110
What about the people?111
Does the level of stimulation make a difference?113
Consider the results114
The Program114
Offering choices114
Choosing materials116
Are some activities harder for children with challenging behavior?118
How do you get from A to B?120
When circumstances change123
What do you think?126
Suggested reading127
8Preventing Challenging Behavior with the Right Social Context129
Creating the Social Context129
What kind of social context fosters prosocial behavior and discourages aggressive behavior?130
What is the teacher's role in the social context?130
How can you create a cooperative and inclusive community?132
Teaching Social Skills136
Why are social skills important?136
How do children learn social skills?137
Why should we include children with challenging behaviors?139
How do you teach social skills?139
What skills do children need to learn?140
What do you think?152
Suggested reading and resources152
9Guidance and Punishment157
What information will you need?158
How useful is positive reinforcement?159
Which is better: Praise or encouragement?162
What if positive reinforcement provokes challenging behavior?163
What about natural and logical consequences?165
Is it good practice to use time-out?167
What's wrong with using punishment?170
What do you think?171
Suggested reading172
10The WEV AS Strategy174
Calibration: Zeroing in on the child's state of mind175
The anxious state: The early warning system177
The agitated state: Reactions intensify179
The aggressive state: The fire inside186
The assaultive state: Involving the community190
What about using restraint?191
The open state: A time to debrief and learn191
Returning to the group192
What do you think?194
Suggested reading and resources194
11Functional Assessment195
What do you need to know to figure out the function of a behavior?196
What about appropriate behavior?198
How do you get the information you need for a functional assessment?198
How do you observe?201
What do you do with all this information?203
What do you think?211
Suggested reading211
12Working with Families and Other Experts213
How do families react to news of challenging behavior?214
How do you feel?216
How can colleagues help?217
How do you arrange a meeting?218
What should happen in a meeting with the family?220
How do you close a meeting?223
What if you and the family disagree?224
How do you handle challenging behavior when the parent is present?225
What should you say to the parents of the other children?225
What about getting expert advice?226
What if the child needs more help?226
What about asking a child with challenging behavior to leave?229
What do you think?229
Suggested reading230
What is bullying?231
How common is bullying?233
Who are the children who bully others?234
Who are the targets of bullying?236
Who are the bystanders?238
How can teachers combat bullying?241
What helps children cope with bullying?245
How do you respond to bullying?247
What do you do if you don't see the bullying?251
How can you work with the parents of children involved in bullying?252
What do you think?255
Suggested reading and resources255
Appendix AThe Functional Assessment Observation Form259
Appendix BThe Functional Assessment A-B-C Chart264
Appendix CThe Division for Early Childhood of the Council for Exceptional Children: Position Statement on Interventions for Challenging Behavior265

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