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Changes In Patterns Of Communication Of The Urak Lawoi.

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More About This Textbook

Overview

The culture and lifeways of the Urak Lawoi community of small scale fishermen at Lipe Island in the Adang-Rawi Archipelago of southern Thailand have changed over the past 50 years due to exogenous influences, changes reflected in their patterns of communication. This study investigates those changes and the underlying exogenous influences.

To Khiri, the community founder, maintained Urak Lawoi traditions as both administrative and spiritual leader. In the 1950s, outsiders began bringing Thai ways and the Thai language to Lipe. In 1961 those leadership roles were divided, and an ethnic Chinese Thai became administrative leader. Since 1985, increases in government agencies and projects made it difficult for the Urak Lawoi to decide which "outsider to follow.

Television and CD/DVDs largely replaced Urak Lawoi dance and music with Indian and Thai. Cellphones were used by fishermen to arrange boat tours for tourists and by adolescents to arrange assignations. The Internet, little used by Urak Lawoi themselves, put Lipe Island on the world tourist map.

There were other significant changes in the closing decades of the twentieth century. Communication with taokae or middlemen replaced the egalitarian Urak Lawoi system of sharing and subsistence fishing with a commercial fishing-based cash economy and patron-client relationships. A national park led to concentration of Urak Lawoi at Lipe and restricted access to natural resources. Expanding tourist resorts bought up Urak Lawoi beachfront land, initiating intra-family disputes and reducing community unity. A health center decreased demand for spiritual/herbal healers. A school, like commercial fishing, reduced time available for parents to teach their children Urak Lawoi culture and lifeways.

Indigenous groups evolve, but their knowledge cannot be saved if the groups and their lifestyle are not saved. Swift changes, for example tourism at Lipe, often provide insufficient time to adjust. Understanding of outside influences, such as those described in this study of changes in patterns of communication, might help other ethnic communities survive exogenous perturbations with their culture, language, and lifeways intact.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781244563360
  • Publisher: BiblioLabsII
  • Publication date: 9/29/2011
  • Pages: 188
  • Product dimensions: 7.44 (w) x 9.69 (h) x 0.40 (d)

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