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Thirty years ago, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) made a fateful decision: to allow newspapers, magazines, television, and radio stations to compete in the marketplace instead of being financed exclusively by the government. The political and social implications of that decision are still unfolding.
Edited by leading China expert Susan Shirk, this collection of essays by Chinese and American journalists and scholars discuss all aspects of the changing media landscape in China. They describe how the media is reshaping itself from a propaganda mouthpiece into an agent of watchdog journalism; how politicians are reacting to increased scrutiny from the media; and how television, newspapers, magazines, and news sites navigate the cross-currents between the open marketplace and the CCP censors. China has over 360 million Internet users, more than any other country, and an astounding 162 million bloggers. Yet China is still far from having a free press. As of 2008, the international NGO Freedom House ranked China 181 out of 195 countries in terms of press restrictions, and Chinese journalists have been described as "dancing in shackles." The recent controversy over China's censorship of Google highlights the CCP's ambivalence toward information freedom.
Changing Media, Changing China reveals how the most populous nation on the planet is adjusting to a new media culture.
1 Changing Media, Changing China Susan L. Shirk 1
2 China's Emerging Public Sphere: The Impact of Media Commercialization, Professionalism, and the Internet in an Era of Transition Qian Gang David Bandurski 38
3 The Rise of the Business Media in China Hu Shuli 77
4 Between Propaganda and Commercials: Chinese Television Today Miao Di 91
5 Environmental Journalism in China Zhan Fiang 115
6 Engineering Human Souls: The Development of Chinese Military Journalism and the Emerging Defense Media Market Tai Ming Cheung 128
7 Changing Media, Changing Courts Benjamin L. Liebman 150
8 What Kind of Information Does the Public Demand? Getting the News during the 2005 Anti-Japanese Protests Daniela Stockmann 175
9 The Rise of Online Public Opinion and Its Political Impact Xiao Qiang 202
10 Changing Media, Changing Foreign Policy Susan L. Shirk 225